According to human needs, education can be divided into three parts: Social or Political education; Spiritual education; Vocational or Technical education. Education that teaches us how to live in a society is called Social or Political education. Education that develops our personality and character may be termed as Spiritual education.
Then, education that teaches us how to earn a living is named as Vocational education. Technical education is a branch of Vocational education. By Technical education we mean education dealing with some practical or mechanical art. Technical education includes training in trade, commerce, carpentry, weaving, agriculture, medicine and engineering. Its aim is to provide instruction and training in skills that have a practical utility. It helps us to meet the needs of the industrial age.
Technical education is very important in the modern age. America, France, Russia and China are rich, prosperous and resourceful because of their progress in technical education. It produces engineers, builders, doctors and mechanics who are very useful in an industrial society. It is the only answer to the problems of our expanding economy.
It produces doers and workers. These workers make a real and important contribution to the welfare of society. We are able to increase the material resources of our country through Technical education. It promotes the material prosperity and economic advancement. It has a great educational value also as it imparts dexterity, quickness, attention to detail, habit of neatness and order. People begin to have faith in the Dignity of labour. We can save a lot of foreign exchange, if we have our own technical experts.
In short, Technical education makes a country rich, prosperous and resourceful. But it has certain limitations also. Too much of Technical education changes a man into machine. A man’s specialized knowledge makes him unfit for other jobs. So we should have an element of liberal education also in Technical education. It has a great importance in our life.
Education in Pakistan is lacking on the technical side. Our schools and colleges produce men who are fit only to be clerks. Our young men run after office jobs. They dislike working in factories and hating to learn practical skills. This is why unemployment is so widespread is the country. Poverty in Pakistan is due to the neglect of Technical education.
Our country is rich in raw material resources. We can not reap the advantages only because we are not equipped with any technical knowledge. In this respect we must take tow steps. First, more and more technical institutions should be established. Secondly, the idea of the “Dignity of labour” should be popularized. We must always keep in mind that progress is possible only through Technical education. (Allied Subject — Vocational Education) *************************************************************