A child or young person’s development is holistic with each area being interconnected. When trying to understand a particular aspect of development you have to look at all the areas of development. You will need to consider a child’s social, physical, intellectual, communication and emotional levels and always remember to bring all these areas together to look at the child or young person as a whole or holistically. For example a trip to the local library can be broken down as below; A trip to the library can have differing results depending on the age of the child or young person.
A child of 4 or 5 would choose a book appropriate to their age and would be expected to write a very basic and brief report, whereas a young person of 13 or 14 would choose a book with lots more pages and would be expected to write a more in depth report. 2. 1 Describe with examples the kind of influences that effect children and young people’s development including: Background Health Environment A child’s background can have a great influence on how that child develops as he or she gets older.
For example their ethnicity or religious beliefs may mean that they will dress differently, believe in different things and act differently to places or situations. A child’s place of birth may have an impact on development especially if they move to a new country and are unable to speak the language, or a child who has divorced parents or has a missing parent may develop differently to a child from a stable home where both parents have a daily influence on how that child is developing. A child’s health can also have an influence on development.
If a child is required to be in hospital a lot or misses school though poor health, their education will be greatly affected. A child with a physical problem may not be able to partake in some activities that a more abled child could do which might mean their learning is affected. Where a child lives or their classroom environment can also have an effect on development. For example a child who lives or goes to school in the centre of a large city might not have access to green space for physical education or they might be affected by gang cultures. 2.
2 Describe with examples the importance of recognising and responding to concerns about children and young people’s development. Although not all children develop at the same rate, it is very important to recognise when a child’s development is being effected by a developmental problem or disorder. These problems may be manifested in any number of symptoms, including problems with walking, understanding and using language, following instruction, eating etc. There are many areas of developmental problems and they can include a wide range of social and communication
disorders, such as autistic spectrum disorders, Asperger’s Syndrome, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Tourettes syndrome, cerebral palsy, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), bedwetting and general learning disorders such as dyslexia. It is important to recognise if a child has a disorder which is affecting their progress because the earlier and quicker it is diagnosed the easier it will be to develop strategies to limit the effect and minimise the delay on the child’s development. 3.
1 Identify the transitions experienced by most children and young people. 3. 2 Identify transitions that only some children and young people may experience e. g. bereavement. 3. 3 Describe with examples how transitions may affect children and young people’s behaviour and development. Most children will have to experience several transitions throughout their early years of life. Some of the common transitions are starting school, changing classes or key stages and moving into secondary school. Changes in personal circumstances are also common for most children.
Siblings can bring big changes in a young person’s life and at some point all children will have to deal with puberty. Some more uncommon transitions are children having to move schools or relocate to different areas of the country, serious illness or bereavement. One thing that used to be less common but is now becoming a more common experience for a young person is that of parental separation or a parental change of partner. All of these transitions can have different effects on a child’s development for example divorce can be stressful, sad, and confusing.
At any age, kids may feel uncertain or angry at the prospect of mum and dad splitting up. Moving from one area to another can also have an effect on a child. Frequent moves are tough on children and disrupt important friendships. These effects are most problematic for children who are introverted and those whose personalities tend toward anxiety and inflexibility. Specifically, adults who moved frequently as children have fewer high quality relationships and tend to score lower on well-being and life satisfaction.