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Tay-Sachs disease Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Tay-Sachs Disease

Tay-Sachs disease is a genetic disorder in which, an auto-recessive gene is passed down to the child by both parents. It progressively destroys nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. The gene is responsible for producing an enzyme that will cause the breakdown of lipids. The defective gene is unable to produce the enzyme; therefore, there is an accumulation of lipids. When there is too much lipids stored in the body, it is harmful to the body’s cells. Ganglisides (a form of lipids) buildup in the brain and ultimately kill the brain cells, which results in an impaired function. There are 3 types of Tay-Sachs: infantile, juvenile and adulthood. The latter two are less severe. Tay-Sachs in an infant…