Understanding How to plan and provide environments and services that support children and young people’s health and safety.
1.1 Describe factors to take into account when planning healthy and safe indoor and outdoor environments and services When planning an activity for the children there are several factors to take into account a.the function and purpose of the environment, services and equipment b.the individual needs of the children c.the duty of care d.lines of responsibility and accountancy e.needs of the carers
At our setting for example, if it was to be decided that our outdoor activity for the day was to be driving the push along cars and the push bikes. First of all someone would go and check that there are no obstacles such as debris and other play equipment in the area to be used in order to prevent any risk of accidents, also to check that the cars and bikes are in good working order and are safe for the children to use. These risk assessments are carried out on a daily basis for the safety of the children in our care.
Our outside play area is enclosed with a wooden wall fence with a single 2meter gate to access it, which is always kept closed whether the children are in the play area or not. With this safely enclosed outside area the children are free to explore and play. Once we are ready to go out, the register is put into our first aid bag and taken outdoors with us. We take our register with us in case there was a fire then we can be sure of the attendance of children in our care on that particular day. The first aid bag is handy for any accidents that can be dealt with on site.
When the children are outside, the ones that need assistance are helped into the cars or on bikes, or shown how to operate the equipment taking into account that every child is an individual with their own needs. Some children could be at the potty training stage or be using the toilet, so it is important that the toilets are checked for cleanliness and that there is a supply of toilet paper and soap in the dispensers.
1.2 Explain how Health and Safety is monitored and maintained and how people in the work setting are made aware of risks and hazards and encouraged to work safely. I our setting the Day Nursery, we have a system in place that we check health and safety and risk assessment on a daily basis. In the morning when the person opening the nursery arrives, as they walk in toward the door they start checking the pathway for debris, windblown branches or slippery ice and anything in the way that could prevent children, parents or visitors from entering the setting safely. There is a checklist that is followed and ticked as they do the check rounds. This system applies when closing down and locking up in the evening too. The things to be checked are as follows; Morning Checks:
•Check that heating is on in winter months so when children arrive the setting is at a cosy temperature for them to feel comfortable. •Safety sockets in place in the corridors and cloakrooms. •Check that the cleaners cupboard and basement door is locked. In the individual rooms the room heads have their own check lists to observe risk assessments and monitor the health and safety in their area. i.e. •check all sockets have covers firmly in place:
•check that furniture is tidy and in place: •toys in boxes and boxes are in the correct place. •check the low windows are locked •check that the nappy change area is cleaned and tidy. •ensure sufficient supply of nappy sacks, vinyl gloves, baby wipes, sudocrem, hand towels, toilet tissue and soap. •constantly assess room as a whole for safety. •report any equipment or toys that are damaged. •Check garden for debris, dead animals, bird droppings, fallen branches, pools of water/ice.
1.3 Identify sources of current guidance for planning healthy and safe environments and services. There are many different sources of guidance for planning healthy and safe environments. The following are some examples; Department of Education
Department for Schools and Families Child Accident Prevention Trust The Care standards Act Health and Safety The Health and Safety Executive are an independent body responsible for enforcing the Health and Safety Work Act. and they aim to reduce work related death, injury and ill health in Britain’s work places. It covers all aspects of Health and Safety in all work environments with advice in specific areas i.e.: Risk Assessment
COSHH Accident Reporting
Policies and Procedures in the workplace and Codes of Practice Settings are required to have legislation and policies available for practitioners to read and abide by as well as their own company policies and codes of practice. It is also the duty of the employer to be responsible for the health and safety of anyone that is on the premises i.e. the employees, the children, visitors, contractors, volunteers, also when the children in their care go on off site visits. The Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 require that all businesses have risk assessments. These documents should be kept on the business premises, they should be recorded, regularly assessed and updated, especially when there have been changes in circumstances i.e. changing room plans, introduction of new furniture.
1.4 Explain how current Health and Safety Legislation Policies and Procedures are implemented in your own work setting or service. In our setting all employees are made aware of and follow the Health and Safety Work Act 1974.Which provides protection and safety for the employees as well as the children and anyone else on the premises. We follow it by making sure the building is safe and the environment is kept clean and tidy and well maintained. All hazardous substances and materials are stored and used safely.( COSHH) We are provided with protective clothing like aprons and gloves to ensure good hygiene and cleanliness when dealing with bodily fluids. Certain injuries and diseases are recorded and reported to the right people. There are qualified First Aid practitioners in every room with facilities to deal with minor injuries that may occur.
All employees are CRB checked and we have a Safety Officer on the premises who regularly reviews and updates the health and safety policies and risk assessments. Every room is supplied with a fire extinguisher, a fire alert whistle and a first aid box. Staff members are given regular appropriate training regarding health and safety of themselves and the children. Whenever a new employee joins our team the first thing they are asked to do is to familiarize themselves with the company policies and procedures. We have these documents in a file in our office which is easily accessible for all staff. For the rest of the staff that are there, they are required to read through the file every six to eight months. This is done to ensure we are kept up to date and are reminded of them.