After a baby is born their physical development starts with lying on their back, touching their toes and discovering their fingers, they can also turn their head to smell their mother’s breast. As the child grows it will become more agile and begin to hold its own head, shuffle, crawl and eventually walk unaided. At the age of two they will be more confident on their feet and even start to throw a ball. By the age of four a child’s activeness may vary but most should be hopping, skipping and jumping. At five and upwards the child will be able to dodge, run and climb also their balance and coordination will have improve greatly. They will have increased stamina and may enjoy things like swimming and gymnastics. Intellectual
After birth, a baby can focus on objects a metre away and can make eye contact. As the baby gets older it will show interest in bright lights and colours, imitate facial expressions. At nine months a child will start to remember thing and build memories and learn a lot through observation. As the child grows their imagination with pretend play continues as they learn more about the world around them. By the time a child is four it will be able to draw recognisable objects and be confidently threading beads onto a string. From five their drawing should be more detailed, they should be able to remember more things like name, age and address. Between the ages of five and eight years they should be competent with writing and simple maths. Language
When a baby is born their language skill is limited to crying, gurgling and cooing. As the baby gets older it will learn to chuckle, laugh and babble. When the baby is about eight to twenty months a baby will babble constantly and often use expression. Also they will have discovered music and love to make sound. Between the ages of three and five they should be able to recite songs and nursery rhymes. At five a child should be able to chat about the past, present and future. From six to eight years a child should adequately be able to express themselves, able to describe object and give opposite meanings. Emotional
A baby around five to six weeks old will being to smile, at around three to six months baby is trusting and like to be around other people even though baby now realises it only has one mother. As a baby grows around eight to twenty months becoming a toddler they will usually enjoy socialising and are happiest with people they know. Toddlers will often imitate the moods of people around them and develop self-confidence. As they reach two their emotions are strong and the toddler may have difficulty controlling them and begin to take pleasure in learning new skills. By the time the child reaches five they will have likes and dislikes, become more in control of their feelings and begin to understand how their behaviour can affect others. At the age of six to eight a child will form close friendships. They like to engage in co-operative play and know how to control their emotions. Social
From birth to three months the baby enjoys the physical contact like when feeding and cuddling and be soothed by contact with their carer. At nine month they will enjoy playing with toys and will play alone for some time. By the time they reach the age of two they should be able to carry out simple tasks like dressing, and feeding themselves. By the age of five they should be able to show sympathy and forgiveness, share and take turns, at six to eight years they become less sociable and prefer spending time alone or with a special friend. 1.2 Analyse Key Social, Economic and Environmental Factors which May Influence Development.
The social factor of development begins with love, if a child has no way of feeling loved from a parent or carer it can certainly affect their development. Feeling unloved can make a child feel uncomfortable and upset “often a child who has difficulty with language and communication also has problems with developing relationships with others”. A child can show signs they are not being cared for properly via their appearance, this can be the same for all children whether disabled or not. The type of people we associate with and in turn have a development may impact on a child or adolescent in terms of personality and behaviour for example if a child lives in an area where there is a lot of other people committing crime they are more likely to end up on the wrong side of the law . If their social influences are positive and loving from their parent’s and extended family member’s it will help them to bond with people more or less the same but this may not always be the case “often a child who has difficulty with language and communication also has problems with developing relationships with others”.
The economic factor is important as being unemployed or on benefits or even on a low income and having poor housing can affect a child’s health and their dietary requirement which can then lead to a lack of energy and concentration.”provery can have a detrimental effect on all aspects of a child’s growth and their development , poor housing can effect a child’s health and lack of money can affect the amount of food that is bought ,which also affects the child’s health “ . Being limited with the money that a family has can mean making generally stretch inside families and undermines solid child improvement. Families who depend on benefits or on a low income have limited choices to what they are able to buy their child, latest clothes or the latest electronic gadgets which can lead to bullying and this in turn can make a child have low self-esteem and not attain it potential, even holidays can be limited to where they go and how much they can spend or may not even be choices for people who are unemployed or on benefits. Families with little money have to restrict what they can buy when they visit a supermarket which in turn can lead to a poor diet for all the family so will affect how the child can mentally and physically development.
Environmental factors such as poor neighbourhoods can suffer from a combination of poor housing in where there are hazard that can be due to poor maintenance and can cause poor health, high rates of crime, unemployment. The environment a child lives in also plays a major part of a child’s development, things like a child feeling unwanted, unloved and ignored will have an effect on a child’s growth and development. A loss of someone or something close to them for example like a breakdown of a relationships/marriage where one parent is no longer always around can have social and emotional impact on the child. A child with a stressful family environment might go onto experience studying incapacities and has a higher danger of catching an anxiety identified sickness. Lack of adequate out door facilities in which the child can become over-weight and be restricted to little space for anything physical can cause anxiety and depression along with lack of strength flexibility and co-ordination , outside activities help a child to explore the environment also the creative and imaginative play while engaging with their peers.
1.3 Describe Children’s Overall Development Needs.
A child’s principle advancement is part into some fundamental parts physical, intellectual, social, emotional and language yet there are different things which help a youngster to improve. One of these things are cherishing parents/carers as though a child feels cheerful one will be enjoyable around others and help them to blend and make companions as they get more older. Stability inside the home can likewise influence a child’s improvement, if for instance the parents/carers argue a lot and feel the requirement to separate this may cause upset for a child, for example waking up in the night, wetting there bed, change in their conduct and a change in their feelings. In the event that you listen and esteem a youngster it will give them an approach to convey what needs be and can demonstrate they are regarded. Good diet with plenty of fruit and vegetables are important to child’s development as a lack of things like calcium and iron can effect a child’s growth and development plus natural air and outings can help them research the planet they live in.
Feeling needed and encouraged will serve to fabricate a child’s self-regard as they get older and help them to have solid friendships Housing can have an impact particularly on Children in connection to their health. Livings in unfortunate or cramped conditions are more inclined to have problems with infections and have mental health problems. Housing that is in unfortunate condition or cramped can also endanger child’s safety. The influence on youngster’s development is prompt and long term; growing up in unfortunate or cramped accommodation has been considered to have an enduring effect on a child’s health and well-being all through their life. Homeless children are especially hindered on account of the interruption to their educating created by homelessness. Living in unfortunate or packed accommodation conditions additionally influences a child’s capability to learn, which can have an enduring effect on a child’s ability of succeeding in life.
Furthermore the bases of later issues –, for example offending and conduct issues in adulthood–maybe traceable to behavioural issues that arise when children are growing up in unfortunate accommodation. Child’s clothes should to be amended every so often so that the child is in clothes that fit properly with their physical development if clothing is too tight it can cause a restriction to the body’s circulation and if the clothing is too loose it can easily get caught on objects which can cause a child to fall over. Clothes that are clean can not only be certainly good for exceptional health but being properly dressed can help them feel all the more socially sure at school or when they are with their friends. It’s imperative for children of all ages to have routine check-ups and booked immunizations” the reasons for immunizing because of vaccines, many of these diseases are not as common as they once were”. Routine taking a child to the medical appointments is important for a number of reasons. To start with, it is vital to “get” any sickness as quickly as you can, so child can accept proper medicine, and frequently, avoid these sicknesses from coming to be more severe.
Second, normal arrangements permit paediatricians/physicians to guarantee that children are developing and advancing suitably. Youngsters who appear to be encountering problems can get suitable medical care, which can help reduce the negative effect of these problems on both children and their guardians. At last, routine visits are utilized to vaccinating and to ensure them from improving a group of genuine diseases. Beyond general physical check-ups and vaccinations, youngsters need other protection social insurance. Folks may as well take their young kids to the dental specialist twice a year for expert teeth cleaning and checks for cavities and other oral health issues. Children might as well additionally get their sight and hearing checked regularly. If not caught quickly enough, research advises that issues with listening or seeing can ruin children’s physical, emotional, or intellectual improvement.