The executive summary is a one page abbreviated summary of the thesis as a whole and is used to help readers quickly understand the paper’s core idea. Its main intention is to persuade the reader that the system offers the most advantage compared to other systems in the market. Its value is intensified by presenting unparalleled features that exemplify the proposed product.
The executive summary does not exceed one page and is usually made when complete documentation has been undergone. This part of the documentation is like selling a product; by telling the features of the program you must convince the reader that the program/system is worth it.
The reason that the executive summary is employed instead of an abstract is due to the fact that a tangible product such as a system/program will be produced as an end result. The executive summary must substantiate the benefits to a customer. It is forbidden to use technical terms, instead it must showcase the unique selling point of your product solution.
Difference from an abstract; an Abstract is a condensed summary of a research article, journal, thesis, or any comprehensive analysis of a particular subject or discipline, and is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the paper’s purpose.
The cardinal rules when making an executive summary: 1) state the immediate effect and benefits, 2) substantiate the benefits with proofs, 3) state the benefit to the reader in particular, 4) commend a solution to address the difficulties using the current system, 5) how does the end product help you.
Write an introduction to the problem by citing the situation existing in other organizations and how effectively they dealt with problems related to the one you want to address. It is best to refer to published examples. Everything in the Introduction culminates in the statement of the problem as the next logical step. EXAMPLE
Electronic commerce additionally known as Internet commerce, E-tailing or E-commerce, is the buying, purchasing and selling of commodities or goods and different services in the internet, specifically to the World Wide Web. The amount of trade that the internet has put into these businesses has grown tremendously throughout the years. As the market for technology is increasing, businesses and operations are now dependent on technology for advancement in opportunities and world market trading. This spurs a cutthroat industry dealing with constant innovations and ever evolving supply and demand in the world market. A large percentage of E-commerce is conducted virtually with the presence of all top companies competing to provide consumers / business partners / companies / firms on the forefront of cutting edge technology.
In a book written by Douglas Rushkoff entitled “Program or Be Programmed -Ten Commands for a Digital Age” (2010) he indicated that “Just as words gave people the ability to pass on knowledge for what we now call civilization, networked activity could soon offer us access to shared thinking—an extension of consciousness still inconceivable to most of us today. The operating principles of commerce and culture—from supply and demand to command and control” (p.8). Understanding the concept of E-Commerce is the only way to move forward. 1.2 Project Context
Defining your project’s context involves that you meticulously examine the statement of the problem. By asking yourself and other people involved the right questions, you can formulate ideas for the system to be used.
A good starting point is to ask why the system is needed. You should also ascertain the potential benefit from the system? It should also satisfy on how it fits with other systems or products. The answers to these questions will allow you to establish a holistic view of your system
Project context can radically affect the analysis and design models that you create and the end result is ultimately affected. To define a project context, ask these three basic questions: 1. Who will interact with the system?
2. Which other systems or devices will interact with the system? 3. How will the users communicate with the system? That is, what information do they need from the system and what information does the system need from them?
Your job is to encapsulate all the necessary information that usually come in the problem statement and any discussions you have with the users. Doing so will help you find the answers you need to establish the system context.
Listen for user answers to the three questions listed above. Better yet, if you have the option, structure your user interviews to focus on these questions. 1.2.1 Statement of the Problem
Always remember that to make a system, one must really establish that a problem exists. You will never make a system without any real hindrance. As the system analyst/s, business analyst/s and program analyst/s of the system being made you should notify the people involved and make them understand that a problem does exist.
The study will evaluate, assess, determine, construct, etc. (main problem, stating the concept of the study) Specifically, it will seek answers to the following sub-problems: 1. Who – Who does the problem affect? Specific groups, organizations, customers, etc. 2. What – What are the boundaries of the problem, e.g. organizational, work flow, geographic, customer, segments, etc. – What is the issue? – What is the impact of the issue? – What impact is the issue causing? – What will happen when it is fixed? – What would happen if we didn’t solve the problem? 3. When – When does the issue occur? – When does it need to be fixed? 4. Where – Where is the issue occurring?
Only in certain locations, processes, products, etc. 5. Why – Why is it important that we fix the problem? – What impact does it have on the business or customer? – What impact does it have on all stakeholders, e.g. employees, suppliers, customers, shareholders, etc. Each of the answers will help to zero in on the specific issue(s) and frame the real problem. Your problem statement should be solveable. That is, it should take a reasonable amount of time to formulate, try and deploy a potential solution. 6. Usually the last statement speaks of the thesis of the researcher – contribution of the researcher to address the main problem of the study vital to the body of knowledge. Contribution may be in a form of a strategy, measure, action plan, suggestion/recommendation, policy, program, projects, etc.) EXAMPLE
The study is made to answer the insufficiency and, at best, take full advantage of leading innovations in technology industries and maximize knowledge based competency that is relevant in today’s world. Characteristically, the study purposes itself to satisfy the following queries: 1. What does the development of such a program do to enhance productivity? 2. Why is it imperative to use such an implement?
3. Why does the use of such a product, better the service for users? 4. What can the user accomplish through the use of such a product? 1.2.2 Background of the Study
Write some background information about the organization targeted by the research, how the problem came up and why you want to address this problem through the study.
All studies are understood to be taken from the point of view of an IT consultant or the MIS manager of an organization or agency which is the subject of the study. This means that we are interested in the facts that affect the state of the Information Technology environment. We are interested in defining information systems issues. We are looking at solutions that will have an impact on the defined Information System issue or problem earlier defined. These indicate the particular area of concern in Information Technology where the study falls. That also means you will look at the issue from that particular angle (e.g. New Information Systems Architecture, Managing Information Systems, Gaming and Design Perspectives etc.).
1.3 Purpose and Description
The purpose should answer why you are coming up with this thesis paper. How do you provide a comprehensive report. The description describes what type of system is to be made (gaming system, accounting system, payroll system, etc). 1.3.1 Significance of the Study
State the significance and benefits of the study. You can do this by citing the benefits for the stakeholders in the study; Stakeholders indicate the group or groups of people who will be directly or indirectly impacted by the new application. EXAMPLE – LIBRARY SETTING
The study is made to answer the insufficiency and, at best, take full advantage of leading innovations in library systems and maximize knowledge based competency that is relevant in today’s world. 18.104.22.168 Recipients
These are essentially the recipients of the system that will be made 22.214.171.124.1 Administration
From the viewpoint of the management, the administration can focus on other facets within the business, which can significantly transform and assist management and librarians. 126.96.36.199.2 Employees The utilization of such a product functions as it is easier to archive files, find books, and generate book reports within a touch of a button. 188.8.131.52.3 Clients Clients need not experience unsatisfactory services and assistance when borrowing books. 184.108.40.206.4 Developer
The project made engenders to enhance both analyses from a perspective of a librarian and a technology specialist, to better institute fundamentals from both realms that are fused within this project context 1.3.2 Aim and Intention
This part explains the primary intention why you chose these recipients in this specific order. The first recipient is the most valued recipient to the last one which is the least valued The reasons for this study are to delve into the internal factors that make libraries unique and this is through its book collection. The project termed as Hiram aims to make an intelligent approach to a library management database that will concentrate on the essentiality of book borrowing as a process from its inception to its culmination. This will truly be a big help for library administrators in managing library systems as they are primarily affected by the new system to be implemented. 1.4 Objectives
Stress the importance of having an objective and how it affects problem solving General objectives are broad and long-term. Specific objectives are short term and narrow in focus. The general objective is met through accomplishing each of the specific objectives.
1.4.1 General Objectives
The general objective is one meaningful sentence and is not too definite 1.4.2 Specific Objective The specific objective is detailed and may run as many as you like, provided that the same number of specific objectives are answered in the conclusion 1.5 Scope and Delimitations
1. Discuss the two paragraphs
2. Discuss in the first paragraph the scope of the study. The scope of the study should include the variables of the study, indicators or measures, population and respondents of the study, processes to be considered in gathering the data of the study, venue, period wherein the study will take place 3. Discuss the second paragraph the limitation of the study
4. Provide justifications on the choice of the scope. Discuss the variables and indicators that will not be considered in the conduct of the study and justify its limitation 5. Limit discussions to one page
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