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Structures Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Factors Shaping Structures

Employees who perform a common task are grouped together so as to permit economies of scale and efficient resource use. At American Airlines, all information systems people work in the same department. They have the expertise for handling almost any problem within a single, large department. The issues related to managerial policy and technical aspects of information system are resolved under one department of information system. (Mills; Simmons & Mills, 2005) The functional structure also offers a way to centralize decision making and provide unified direction from the top. Apple Co. has centralized decision making process with its CEO Steve Jobs having central authority in the process. Communication and coordination among employees within each department are excellent. This structure is…

Distinguishing People Around the World: Social Structures and Social Institutions

From a sociological perspective, it is both an oversimplification and an inaccuracy to conclude that people around the world, or even within the same country, are fundamentally the same. There are similarities. The scientific methodologies used by sociologists to study different types of human interactions and social facts instead suggest that people are different in important ways and that these differences must be considered when assessing human behavior objectively and normatively. One of the main conceptual aids to understanding how and why people are not fundamentally the same involves a key sociological distinction between social structures and social institutions. Social structures refer to patterns existing within a social system and are analytically divided into simple and complex types of social…

What is organizational structures

An organizational structure consists of activities such as task allocation, coordination and supervision, which are directed towards the achievement of organizational aims. It can also be considered as the viewing glass or perspective through which individuals see their organization and its environment. Organizations are a variant of clustered entities. An organization can be structured in many different ways, depending on their objectives. The structure of an organization will determine the modes in which it operates and performs. Organizational structure allows the expressed allocation of responsibilities for different functions and processes to different entities such as the branch, department, workgroup and individual. Organizational structure affects organizational action in two big ways. First, it provides the foundation on which standard operating procedures…