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State of nature Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Political Thinkers

Ancient, medieval and early modern * Hammurabi (died c. 1750 BCE) * Confucius (551-479 BCE) * Socrates (470-399 BCE) * Mozi (470-390 BCE) * Xenophon (427-355 BCE) * Plato (427-347 BCE) * Diogenes of Sinope (412-323 BCE) * Aeschines (389-314 BCE) * Aristotle (384-322 BCE) * Mencius (372-289 BCE) * Chanakya (350-283 BCE) * Xun Zi (310-237 BCE) * Thiruvalluvar (c.200 BCE-c. 30 BCE) * Han Feizi (? -233 BCE) * Cicero (106-43 BCE) * Pliny the Younger (63-113 CE) * Saint Augustine (354-430 CE) * Muhammad al-Shaybani (749-805) * Al-Farabi (870-950) * Ghazali (1058–1111) * Averroes (Ibn Rushd) (1126–1198) * Al-Mawardi (972–1058) * Maimonides (1135–1204) * St.Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274) * Ibn Taymiyyah (1263–1328) * Marsilius of Padua (1270–1342) *…

Hobbes’ Political Philosophy

Hobbes argues that the state of nature is a state of perpetual war of all against all and consequently, the life of man in the state of nature “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short” (xiii, 9). In this paper I will explain Hobbes’ arguments that support his claim to the state of nature. I will also assess these arguments and state that they are not valid and, therefore, not sound. I will then talk about the most controversial premise, relative scarcity of goods, and how Hobbes would respond to the objections of this premise. I will then talk about his response to this objection being unsuccessful. Finally, I will assess whether it will be possible to leave the state of…

The Social Contract: Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau

The three philosophers, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau were three key thinkers of political philosophy. The three men helped develop the social contract theory into what it is in this modern day and age. The social contract theory was the creation of Hobbes who created the idea of a social contract theory, which Locke and Rousseau built upon. Their ideas of the social contract were often influenced by the era in which they lived and social issues that were present during their lives. Although all men sit in different positions on the theoretical political spectrum, which is derived from their work on the Social Contract Theory, they carry both similar and differential ideas (it can be argued where…

Locke vs Rousseau

John Locke argued that a legitimate government would be validated through the consent of the people it governed and protected, specifically the protection of a citizens natural rights of life, liberty, and estate. He also believed that citizens had the right of rebellion in the event that a government was acting against the rights and interests of its citizens, ultimately allowing those governed to replace the government with another in the interests of the people. Locke believed that the state of nature was that of happiness due to reason and tolerance. He argued that all people are equal and had no right to harm another’s “life, liberty, or possessions.” The state was formed by social contract because in the state…

Hobbes and Locke: Social Contract

Thomas Hobbes and John Locke held contrasting theories on how government should limit the rights of men, which they referred to as the social contract. Thomas Hobbes’ theory of the social contract is that a government should have complete discretion over the limitations of men’s rights, while Locke’s theory is that a social contract is necessary, but the rights limited should be solely for the protection of property. Thomas Hobbes’ theory of the social contract is that men should give up all of their rights to an absolute government for the protection of their lives. He writes in Chapter 14 of Leviathan that “man [should] be willing … for peace and defence of himself … to lay down this right…

The State of Nature According to John Locke

The state of nature according to Locke is “a state of perfect freedom to order their actions and dispose of their possessions and persons as they think fit… without asking leave or depending upon the will of any other man. ” For Locke, the state of nature is where humans exist without an established government or social contract. In a since the state of nature is a state of anarchy, of no order. What John Locke believed about the state of nature was that if men could act in a positive way, they could reach order without being absolutely controlled by one person. The state of nature is a state of liberty where persons are free to pursue their own…

Rousseau and Hobbes’ Conception of State of Nature

Both Rousseau and Hobbes talked about state of nature but their understanding of state of nature and the first living of humanity is quite different from each other. Their views are similar in some points but mostly they contrast with each other. These differences in their thoughts are mainly because of their understanding of human nature and also their view of man. For Hobbes, state of nature is a state of war and because of this, every individual are against each other and because of their basic instincts they are dangerous for each other but as a contrary Rousseau’s thought about humanity is totally different and because of this at least in the first base of the state of nature…