Islam (Arabic: الإسلام) is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur’an, a book considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Arabic: الله Allāh, and by the teachings and normative example (called the Sunnah and composed of hadith) of Muhammad, considered by them to be the last prophet of God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable and that the purpose of existence is to worship God. Muslims also believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times before through prophets including Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. They maintain that the previous messages and revelations have been partially misinterpreted or altered over time, but consider the Arabic Qur’an to be both the unaltered and the final revelation of God. R
eligious concepts and practices include the five pillars of Islam, which are basic concepts and obligatory acts of worship, and following Islamic law, which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, providing guidance on multifarious topics from banking and welfare, to family life and the environment. Five Pillars of IslamThe Pillars of Islam are five basic acts in Islam, considered obligatory for all believers. The Quran presents them as a framework for worship and a sign of commitment to the faith. They are the shahadah (creed), daily prayers (salat), almsgiving (zakah), fasting during Ramadan and the pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj) at least once in a lifetime.
1.The shahadah (creed),
The Shahadah, which is the basic creed of Islam that must be recited under oath with the specific statement: “‘ašhadu ‘al-lā ilāha illā-llāhu wa ‘ašhadu ‘anna muħammadan rasūlu-llāh”, or “I testify that there are no deities other than Allah alone and I testify that Muhammad is his Messenger.” This testament is a foundation for all other beliefs and practices in Islam. Muslims must repeat the shahadah in prayer, and non-Muslims wishing to convert to Islam are required to recite the creed.
2.Daily prayers (salat)
Ritual prayers, called Ṣalāh or Ṣalāt (Arabic: صلاة), must be performed five times a day. Salat is intended to focus the mind on God, and is seen as a personal communication with him that expresses gratitude and worship. Salat is compulsory but flexibility in the specifics is allowed depending on circumstances. The prayers are recited in the Arabic language, and consist of verses from the Qur’an. The prayers are done with the chest in direction of the kaaba though in the early days of Islam, they were done in direction of Jerusalem.
“Zakāt” (Arabic: زكاة zakāh “alms”) is giving a fixed portion of accumulated wealth by those who can afford it to help the poor or needy and for those employed to collect Zakat; also, for bringing hearts together, freeing captives, for those in debt (or bonded labour) and for the (stranded) traveler. It is considered a religious obligation (as opposed to voluntary charity) that the well-off owe to the needy because their wealth is seen as a “trust from God’s bounty”.
Fasting, (Arabic: صوم ṣawm), from food and drink (among other things) must be performed from dawn to dusk during the month of Ramadhan. The fast is to encourage a feeling of nearness to God, and during it Muslims should express their gratitude for and dependence on him, atone for their past sins, and think of the needy. Sawm is not obligatory for several groups for whom it would constitute an undue burden. For others, flexibility is allowed depending on circumstances, but missed fasts usually must be made up quickly.
The pilgrimage, called the ḥajj (Arabic: حج, has to be done during the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah in the city of Mecca. Every able-bodied Muslim who can afford it must make the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in his or her lifetime. Rituals of the Hajj include: spending a day and a night in the tents in the desert plain of Mina, then a day in the desert plain of Arafat praying and worshiping God, following the footsteps of Abraham. Then spending a night out in the open, sleeping on the desert sand in the desert plain of Muzdalifah, then moving to Jamarat, symbolically stoning the Devil recounting Abraham’s actions.
Then going to Makkah and walking seven times around the Kaaba which Muslims believe was built as a place of worship by Abraham. Then walking seven times between Mount Safa and Mount Marwah recounting the steps of Abraham’s wife, while she was looking for water for her son Ismael in the desert before Mecca developed into a settlement.
Relation between Iman and islam
The meaning of the term ‘Iman’ is faith. To believe in the fundamental aspect of Islam heartily, to recognize them orally and to act accordingly is called iman. There exists a close and inseparable relationship between Iman and Islam. Islam is the outward expression of Iman maintains the same relation with Islam as the roots of a tree does with the stem, the branches and the leaves. The nutrients collected by the roots from the soil keep the stem, the branches and the leaves of trees lively and green. Iman produces the zeal of love for Allah and the desire to gain his satisfaction. Thus Islam becomes lively and fresh and flourishes in complete beauty. The seven fundamental aspects of ‘Iman’A muslims must have faith (Iman) in particular fundamental aspects. he Best Form of Islam
“Indeed, We have created the human being upon the best of forms. Then we reduced him to the lowest of the low, except those who believe and do well, for they shall have an unending reward. So who henceforth will give the lie to you about the judgment? Is not Allah the Best of Judges? [Sūrah al-Tīn: 4-8] These verses bring together various aspects of Allah’s wisdom: His wisdom in creating us, His wisdom in guiding us, and His wisdom in judging our deeds. In doing so, these verses inspire in the believer’s heart a desire for righteousness and a feeling of hope. First, Allah addresses His creating us in “the best of forms”.
Whether we look at the human being’s physical construction, or consider the human potential, or the human soul and mind, we get a profound glimpse of Allah’s wisdom. Consider how these two verses come together: “Indeed, We have created the human being upon the best of forms. Then we reduced him to the lowest of the low…” One understanding of these two verses is that they describe the normal lifespan of the human being, how a person, after growing up to attain maturity and full strength, then ages and returns to a state of weakness.
Iman is defined as the theoretical part of faith and Islam as the practical. Iman in theoretical meaning is to belief to the unseen matter. Meanwhile, the literal meaning of Iman is when someone is closed to his God, he feels peace and secure. In Islamic teachings, iman has 6 pillars to belief in. One of the six pillars of iman, first and foremost, is to belief in Allah swt. Once a person started to belief in the existence of Allah, he will start to belief in Allah’s law, His creations, His angels, His messengers and many more that relates to Allah swt. The summation that we can conclude here is believing in Allah swt is the most basic fundamental for a believer. Then only, he will abide by all the laws of Allah due to fear of Him. Secondly, a believer beliefs in the angels. He needs to acknowledge angels as one of Allah’s creations. Angels are real and created from light, which neither illusions nor human imaginations. There are many angels created by Allah swt, however, there are only ten angels that are important to belief in as well as their appointed tasks. Started with Jibrail, Mikhail, Israfil, Izrail, Mungkar, Nakir, Ratib, Aqid, Ridhuan and Malik. All of these names are mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah.
Thirdly, belief in the books of Allah also is one of the pillars. Before the revelation being sent down to prophet Muhammad saw , Allah had sent the previous nation with books to guide specifically for certain nations. As mentioned in the Quran, there are specific books, As-suhuf of Ibrahim and Musa, Az-zabur for Daud, At-taurat for Musa, Al-injeel revealed to Isa and last but not least, Quran for prophet Muhammad saw. The quran is the foremost guidance book given by Allah to guide His servants and will be guiding them towards Qiyamah. The fourth pillar is to belief in the messengers. As we acknowledge, there are many prophets and messengers being sent down to every nation, but only 25 of them are mentioned in the quran to be highlighted. Among the 25 prophets, only 5 being selected to be the messengers and among 5 of them, only one that is highly mentioned in the Quran, prophet Muhammad saw. Allah granted him with the best of the books and the best of His law. Furthermore, Allah gives him the best nation among of all. The number five of the pillars is to belief in the Last Day. In another meaning, means to belief in the resurrection of the body and the returning of the soul.
During the Last Day, people will be awakened from a long sleep to be alive again and to be judge. Surprisingly, they will be resurrected according to their deeds in the world. Some might in nicely form, some might just form inappropriate shape. Whoever collect good deeds more, he receives the best form. However, for disbelievers, they will be resurrected to be sent directly to Jahannam because no excuse will be amended. The bottom of the chart in the pillars of Iman is to belief in Qada’ and Qadar. As a believer he knows that everything is happening according to the Allah’s command. Yet, Allah still gives us elongation to make decision on our own but with His guidance.
We may decide according to our desire or emotions but Allah will set the best for us equally. Even though in our visuals, there are no similarities with one another but Allah knows better. Therefore, each of the pillars of Iman, teaches and plays a great role to lead us to become a pious human on earth. They are interrelated to one another, thus we cannot choose to what we want to believe but we must believe to what has been sent down to us. By having Iman alone doesn’t require us a thing, we must feed the soul with the practical part, the Islamic way of life and also the pillars of Islam. After that, we will feel the bless of serenity and security. Otherwise, our doings on the earth will be meaningless and useless.