In any language the spoken version differs from the written one. In the following text we shall look at the differences between the two types of languages. The relationship between spoken language and written language is complex. For example in the spoken language you use mostly first and second person, while written material you use mostly third person. Speech is usually a communication between two or more people, and direct speech is not used as much as in written language. Spoken languages tends to be full of repetitions and incomplete sentences, and it is not looked upon as a good idea in written language, whereas we use a lot of repetition in our spoken language together with the use of many conjunctions and hesitation words (disfluencies). On the other hand the written language tends to have longer sentences and can be closely analyzed on the writing surface. Written material can also make use of punctuation, titles, layout, colors and other graphical effects, which are not available in speech. You can also say that in written texts you receive no immediate feedback, except after it has been published, and in speech you can get an immediate answer. Transcript of a recording
The transcript can be written in the following way:
Something happened when he was living in Western Samoa where he had rented a house. His bedroom was separate from the rest of his house, and one night when it was quite late, and he was lying in bed being awake and alone. His flatmate was away at the airport meeting some relatives. He started hearing noises on the roof of his bedroom, and the roof was a tinroof, so he heard footsteps and creaking sounds on the tin. There was another noise, and he could not quite tell what it was, but it was something strange, which made him really scared. He could not get to a phone without unlocking his bedroom door. He would have to walk across the lawn, unlock the front door and go into somebody on the roof. He did not find this possible, so there he was lying thinking what on earth could he do. Finally he figured out that the person there thought there was no one home and was just trying to break in, i.e. somebody was trying to rob the place. He had a brainwave and started laughing, and immediately the person ran across the roof, jumped off and landed on the lawn. He heard a thud, unlocked the door and went across to the house where he phoned the police. They were there really quickly just within a couple of minutes.
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Topic: Spoken and Written language
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