No one really knows the exact cause of spina bifida, it remains unidentified what exactly causes the disruption of the complete closure of the neural tube, producing a disfigurement. Scientists believe that there are several factors contributing to spina bifida, genetic, nutritional, and environmental factors. Research studies specify that inadequate ingestion of folic acid, which is a common B vitamin that is an essential factor in a mother’s diet during pregnancy.
There is no cure for spina bifida, the nerve tissue that is injured or missing cannot be restored or substituted, nor can function be restored to the damaged nerves. Depending on the type and severity of the disorder, treatment will be available for less severe cases. Mild cases in children generally don’t require treatment, but they may need surgery as they grow. The first priority is to prevent any infection forming in the exposed nerves and tissue from the spine defect, and to protect the exposed nerves and structures from any additional trauma. This disorder can cause problems with the functions of the legs and excretory functions, early surgery on the spinal cord can help prevent further neurological corrosion and help the child regain an average level of functioning.
Some of the people that suffer from spina bifida will require the use of wheelchairs, braces, or crutches, each assistive device has to do with deformities on different areas of the spine. If the defect is high on the spine that indicates that the child will have extensive paralysis and will require a wheelchair, the defects that are lower in the spine will most likely need the use of crutches, bladder catheterizations, leg braces, or walkers. To better prepare children for using crutches or braces when they are older, begin special exercises for the legs and feet at an early age.
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