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South Africa Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Gail Kelly

It takes a born leader to ascend through the ranks of big banking in just over a decade. It’s no easy task fronting up to a job interview when you’re the mother of baby triplets and a toddler. But that’s exactly what Gail Kelly did when applying for a high-flying position as a senior human resources executive at South Africa’s Nedcor Bank back in 1990. “I left one triplet at home with my mum, I interviewed with one on my lap and I gave the other to the PA, who was sitting outside,” says Kelly, 52, surveying the view of Cockatoo Island through the floor-to-ceiling windows of her Westpac office in Sydney. And her eldest daughter, Sharon, then three? Oh,…

Why Mandela Chose Antigone as a Play in Jail

Enacting a play can represent powerful ideas. First, is important to highlight the fact that Nelson Mandela´s time in prison where due to his constant attempts to bring justice to South Africa. Mandela, just as Antigone, was victim of an injustice government committed to demonstrate their power. Naturally, just as Nelson, Antigone demonstrated to be brave. In context, she was one of the four children of Oedypus, which committed patricide and incest, and when everything was discovered, she exiled him because of the dishonor. That action demonstrated how much she respected the laws and honor in her life. After this event happened, Creon, his uncle, took the power as king and planned a cue d’état in which both Antigone´s brothers…

The Xhosa-speaking people

The word Xhosa refers to a people and a language of South Africa. The Xhosa-speaking people are divided into a number of subgroups with their own distinct but related heritages. One of these subgroups is called Xhosa as well. The other main subgroups are the Bhaca, Bomvana, Mfengu, Mpondo, Mpondomise, Xesibe, and Thembu. Unless otherwise stated, this article refers to all the Xhosa-speaking people. Well before the arrival of Dutch in the 1650s, the Xhosa had settled the southeastern area of South Africa. They interacted with the foraging (food-gathering) and pastoral (nomadic herding) people who were in South Africa first, the Khoi and the San. Europeans who came to stay in South Africa first settled in and around Cape Town….

James Jarvis

In Alan Paton’s Cry, the Beloved Country there is two protagonists, Reverend Stephen Kumalo, and James Jarvis. Both characters play significant roles to the story but James Jarvis’ situation is noteworthy and inspirational. James is an influential, dynamic character because his opinion dramatically changes upon reading his son’s manuscript. A series of events influences James to shift his mindset into the mindset of his son. An analysis on James Jarvis’ changing mindset reveals that his son’s manuscript, realizing his shortcomings, and Reverend Kumalo are all things that cause him to change drastically. When James’ son, Arthur, dies he visits Arthur’s home and finds his incomplete manuscript. When reading his writings, James finds that his son would have risked anything to…

Invictus – Path Goal Theory

“Invictus”, is a powerful movie representing what Nelson Mandela taking the office as the first black president of South Africa and set to accomplish great things. Nelson Mandela was the founder and lead of the African National Congress and spent 27 years in prison on charges for sabotage against the white military and government to end apartheid. The movie starts with his release from prison on February 11, 1990 greeted by the black population eager to fight while the white population was expecting the worse from it. The environment factors changed dramatically for Nelson and he found himself ready to forgive those that imprisoned him and call them comrades. His amazing strength of character can be recognized in the movie…

To what extent did the status of Black people change in the years 1945 to 1955?

I would agree with this statement but I would also think there are aspects of the status of black people that did change in these years and the impacts of which could be debated. In 1945, the Second World War ended. Black people’s status hadn’t changed but their attitudes had. They started to question why they were fighting for freedom in other countries, against the Nazi oppression of minorities (mainly Jewish), when they didn’t even have it at home? The war provided a basis for the civil rights movement to argue their case for equality. However, the threat of communism to the Americans was very real, they feared it would take over their capitalist government and traditions of ‘freedom’. The…

Republic of South Africa

South Africa contains some of the oldest archaeological sites in the world.[19][20][21] Extensive fossil remains at the Sterkfontein, Kromdraai and Makapansgat caves suggest that various australopithecines existed in South Africa from about three million years ago.[22] These were succeeded by various species of Homo, including Homo habilis, Homo erectus and modern humans, Homo sapiens. Settlements of Bantu-speaking peoples, who were iron-using agriculturists and herdsmen, were already present south of the Limpopo River by the fourth or fifth century CE. (see Bantu expansion). They displaced, conquered and absorbed the original Khoisan speakers. The Bantu slowly moved south. The earliest ironworks in modern-day KwaZulu-Natal Province are believed to date from around 1050. The southernmost group was the Xhosa people, whose language incorporates…

Leadership: Invictus Movie Report

Clint Eastwood, with his movie Invictus, notches another success which uses a rugby championship as a means for examining South Africa’s transition from apartheid. Two characters are highlighted: Nelson Mandela (played by Morgan Freeman) the new president of South Africa (1994-1999) and the captain of the Springboks, François Pienaar (played by Matt Damon). After being locked up for 27 years, Nelson Mandela returns to politics. He symbolizes the new South Africa in which Black and White have the same rights, and the same opportunities. Mandela is calm and confident, but fully aware that his country could erupt into political violence with the least provocation. Mandela’s strategy is to embrace his opposition, a tactic that distances him from his core supporters….

Nelson Mandela Spiritual Biography

Nelson Mandela challenged the status quo in many ways weather it was done politically, socially, or personally, in order to achieve such high goals Mandela paid many great personal expenses. Before the acts of Nelson Mandela, the country of South Africa was broken; it was plunged in a deep racism with the election in 1948. The regime of 1948 committed the crime of Apartheid which is defined as the action of committing inhumane acts of a character similar to other crimes against humanity which is committed in the context of an institutionalized regime which systematically oppresses and dominates one racial group over any other racial group or groups and commits it with the intention of maintaining that regime. Mandela would…

Why Water Is Precious

How does it work? Each year, the UPU International Bureau chooses a theme. Participating countries organize the competition at the national level through the post with the support of education authorities and the media. All entries must be submitted through the national Post. Each country chooses a national winner and submits one entry for the UPU international competition. Entries must reach the UPU International Bureau no later than 30 April each year. The theme of the 2013 competition is: “Write someone a letter explaining why water is a precious resource” The 2013 theme ties in with the International Decade for Action “Water for Life” 2005–2015. Water serves a multitude of different purposes, and it is vital that we preserve this…

Anglo American PLC in South Africa

1. The pros would be: a) The early adoption strategy of ART can help the company to prevent and combat the spread of the disease not only on its workforce but also the populations of surrounding communities. This early initiative can also help to prevent further loss in operating expenses and declining workers’ productivity in the company. b) Anglo American became a de facto leader in the private-sector fight against HIV/AIDS in Africa. It also became a trendsetter for other MNEs to follow suit such as Coke, Ford, and Colgate-Palmolive. c) Received positive reactions and approval from WHO, the Global Business Council on HIV/AIDS, and a host of other NGOs. d) Became a socially responsible company in the global market….

Atticus’s Speech

Atticus begins his closing statement by casually addressing the jury by frankly stating it is obvious that Tom Robinson did not rape Mayella Ewell. Based on the fact that there is no medical evidence that even remotely suggests he did rape her. Atticus speaks of how Mayella is a victim but has not been victimised by Tom Robinson. She has been a victim of the “cruel poverty and ignorance” she has been forced to suffer through her entire life because of her father. Mayella is also guilty, not guilty of committing a crime, but of breaking the code of society. Under Mayella’s circumstances it is not surprising for Tom to feel sorry for her. It is the expected emotion from…

Death Penalty in South Africa

Witbank was established in 1890 and early attempts to exploit the coal deposits failed until the railway from Pretoria reached the area in 1894. It was proclaimed a town in 1903 and became a municipality in 1914. Despite attempts by governing bodies to establish the use of the name, eMalahleni, for the city as well as for the district, locals still tend to call the city by its original name. Similarly to the anglicised pronunciation of Johannesburg, English-speaking residents pronounce the name as “wit•bank” and not as “vit•bunk” as in the original Afrikaans pronunciation, nor as “vit•bank” as English-speaking visitors are prone to say. There are many stories about the city and its origination but the top story would be…

South African Food Retail Industry

Introduction: Globalization is a complex process. (Shumate et al, 2005) An organization needs to have thorough analysis of global market while expanding its services beyond its regional border. (Doole, Lowe, 2005) However, the process becomes more complicated when it becomes expansion of services within a specific region. This thing is ample difficult and needs conducting market research in order to gain complete information about that relevant market and assume strategic plan accordingly. (Percy, 2012) This report also throws light upon different aspects which should be taken under consideration while expanding business beyond the borders. This feasibility report gives not only general overview of South African food retail industry, but also scrutinizes the opportunities which this organization would have while expanding…

Media Connections to Appearance vs. Reality

Themes are the framework of works of art. Just like a backbone in humans is needed to provide support and aid movement, a theme is used to send a message across to the audience and provide the means used to send it. Appearance vs. reality is a theme most commonly used in writing. It requires the audience to think about the fact that the piece of art they have just read or seen has more to it. This theme is used in Nadine Gordimer’s “Once Upon a Time”, Julio Polanco’s “Identity” and American rock band Evanescence’s song, “Everybody’s fool”. It is used in the plot of each work to give three major underlying messages. The first is that appearance exists…

Marketing of Service – Restaurant Chain

With the rise in disposable income, dining outside has become a staple part of the modern world. This has been a phenomenon of most of the cities across the continent. The beautiful and pristine continent of Africa is no exception with the spurt of the cities and the settlements from the outside countries. An interesting cradle of development in the continent is the country of South Africa. As the standard of living of most South Africans has risen over the last decade, eating out has become a popular leisure activity. According to Statistics South Africa, restaurants and coffee shops are steadily growing their businesses year on year. Take-away also did well, with businesses growing at an annual rate of around…

Discovering the Hero Within

A Lesson Before Dying was set during the time of segregation. During this time black people were slaves and white people had all the power. It never crossed a black mans mind that he could ever be considered a hero. The two main characters, Jefferson and Grant, are having trouble understanding how to be men, and that the simple acts of kindness they perform can make them heroes. Before their heroism can be discussed, it is important to understand how the relationship between those two men began. Jefferson is a young black man who was wrongfully convicted of robbery and murder of a white man in a liquor store shoot- out. His lawyer told the jury he was too stupid…

Equal Rights in South Africa

Mission Equal Education is a movement of learners, parents, teachers and community members working for quality and equality in South African education, through analysis and activism. Background 20 years after Nelson Mandela’s release from prison the education received by young people in South Africa remains vastly unequal. Despite attempts to overhaul the system, class and race-linked inequalities remain entrenched. Education was the foundation upon which inequality was fashioned during the years of apartheid, but unequal educational opportunities still remain amongst the greatest obstacles to equality, dignity and freedom in today’s South Africa. What is Equal Education? EE is a community and membership-based organisation. It advocates for quality and equality in the South African education system and engages in evidence-based activism…

Psychological Measures in the Multicultural South African Context

South Africa is deeply embedded in the roots of its past and so it inevitable that psychological assessment today would be greatly influenced by the history of our country. Foxcroft (1997) argued that there is a grave importance to understand the impact that South Africa’s past apartheid policies have had on the development and use of psychological testing. In her paper she addresses the impact of Apartheid policies on test development and use as well as linguistic, cultural and norm factors that would pose a threat to the fair, unbiased and ethical use and interpretation of psychological tests. This assignment will follow a similar outline, whereby the past and present of psychological assessment will be discussed in order to understand…

South Africa Strenght and Weaknesses Notes

As a nation, South Africa possesses economic and social strengths that can help it develop a successful IT industry within the country. However, its weakness can derail its success quite easily. Luckily, South Africa has the opportunity to reduce those weaknesses through government policy and increased financial support for IT development. However, should South Africa choose not to take advantage of that opportunity, those weaknesses have the potential of thwarting the nation’s attempt at competing in IT marketplace. In my analysis, I found the following to be IT strengths and weaknesses of South Africa: Strengths * Large population * High literacy rate * Current South African intellectual property laws * Increasing levels of E-Business and electronic commerce * Telecommunications infrastructure…

Influence of South Africa

It is reported that South Africa has become the third largest iron ore supplier for China through the competition with India, which will have a great influence on China’s mining machinery industry. According to Business Day Live’s report, the iron ore export to China from South Africa was 40.6 million tonnes in 2012, while Indian exports plunged nearly 55% to 33 million tonnes. It is evidently that South Africa managed to increase of its share of iron ore sales to China in the unstable economical situation. The large amount of iron ore’s import into China will inevitably have a great influence on the mining machinery industry no matter in China or in South Africa. DSMAC president Lu Hongbo, commended :…

The Blacks By Peter Abrahams

Peter Henry Abrahams (born 3 March 1919) is a South African novelist, journalist and political commentator. His father was from Ethiopia and his mother was classified by South Africa as a mixed race person, a “Kleurling” or Coloured. He was born in Vrededorp, near Johannesburg, but left South Africa in 1939. He worked first as a sailor, and then as a journalist in London. Hoping to make his way as a writer, he faced considerable challenges as a South African, as Carol Polsgrove has shown in her history, Ending British Rule: Writers in a Common Cause (2009). Despite a manuscript reader’s recommendation against publication, in 1942 Allen and Unwin brought out his Dark Testament, made up mostly of pieces he…

Media Connections to Appearance vs. Reality

Themes are the framework of works of art. Just like a backbone in humans is needed to provide support and aid movement, a theme is used to send a message across to the audience and provide the means used to send it. Appearance vs. reality is a theme most commonly used in writing. It requires the audience to think about the fact that the piece of art they have just read or seen has more to it. This theme is used in Nadine Gordimer’s “Once Upon a Time”, Julio Polanco’s “Identity” and American rock band Evanescence’s song, “Everybody’s fool”. It is used in the plot of each work to give three major underlying messages. The first is that appearance exists…

Racism: a Comparison and Contrast of Two Literary Works

The words, purpose and identity are familiar with mankind. These words can mean many things to many different individuals. Each person on this Earth is uniquely made with unique DNA patterns and fingerprints that cannot be matched with any other individual among the billions of people that occupy this planet we call Earth. Why is prejudice so common among people if everyone is unique and special? This question remains unanswered. Many authors have written essays, stories, and poems about negative judgmental and biased views of people in hopes to understand unfair treatment towards mankind and promote changes in human behavior that will bring solutions of peace. This paper will reflect on the stories, Country Lovers, by Nadine Gordimer and The…

The Moment Before the Gun Went Off

A) Characterize Marais Van der Vyver Marais Van der Vyver is an afrikaner farmer, living in South Africa during the end of the apartheit regime. Furthermore he has title as the regional Party leader and commandant of the local security command. The people from his district remember how he as child was rather shy and withdrawn, and it seems that the people around him beleives that he has conserved these personality traits as an adult. Nevertheless he exposes his feelings at the police station when repporting the hunting mishap, where he accidently shoots one of his black farm labours. He sobbs and weeps, and the captain of the police office is ashamed of this sudden breakdown of Marais Van der…

Exploring South Africa Culture

There are many countries that display various types and forms of communication, especially in some countries of Africa. One of the most toured and “rainbow” diverse country in Africa is apparently South Africa. Even though most of the country is predominantly black, it is also known to be one of the most multicultural countries in the world. In fact, there are many different ethnic groups that make up the countries’ population in urban areas. Also, it explain black people of South Africa colonialism and immigration have brought in white Europeans, Indians, Indo-Malays, Chinese and many more. The best the thing to do is describe some of South African culture, customs, manners, etiquette, values in order to understand the people better….

Market Analysis and Promotional Issues in South Africa

 South Africa is an ethically diverse country and was under the colonial rule for decades. It has been noted that its Black African ancestry in the whole population consisted of 79.3% while the white population was 9.1%, the colored 9% and the Indian/Asian of 2.6 %. The country’s new constitution which came into effect on 4th February, 1997, has recognized 11 official languages and has further given them all an equal status. Its colonial history was one of subjugation by the white colonial masters and therefore the native African and colored population nursed a growing sense of resentment, doubt and a feeling of revenge for the wrong doings meted out to them by the colonial rulers. The nation that became…

On Rape and Responsibility

Throughout the course of Disgrace, Coetzee attempts to juxtapose the rape of Melanie with that of Lucy. By analyzing the actions of David Lurie, Lucy and Petrus, it becomes apparent that there is a dynamometric sense of responsibility among victims and abusers. Coetzee attempts to demonstrate that rape is more than a gendered based crime, that social class, and ethnicity also play roles in determining what harm is committed. It is because the rapes are not viewed through the eyes of the victim but primarily through Lurie, who sympathizes with Lucy and denies raping Melanie, that the readers are forced to determine who burdens responsibility and to what extent actions are repentant. Lurie’s attack on Melanie is more or less…

Social Injustice South Africa

During the time of slavery in South Africa, the South African people were deprived of their homeland because the colonists colonized it. The white colonists snatched their land brutally and took their freedom of rights. In Nadine Gordimer’s, “ Country Lovers“ and Kate Chopin’s“ Desiree’s Baby“, both authors illustrate injustice and inequality within a society through the use of characterization, setting, and conflict. Both authors explore the characterization of the male characters depicted in both short stories. In “Country Lovers”, after two weeks, Paulus a white man comes home from his veterinary college; he hears from his mother that Thebedi has a baby. He visits Thebedi`s hut in the village Kraal. He asks Thebedi to show the baby to him….

South African History

The Republic of South Africa, not to be confused with South African Republic, is a republic located at the southern tip of Africa. The first people living in this area were nomades traveling from the north, searching for a new place to live. Today, the population of South Africa is a mix of several ethnical groups. The modern history of South Africa began in 1488, when the Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias rounded what came to be known as the Cape of Good Hope, and landed in Mossel Bay. Many Portuguese explorers arrived after him, and even though they were the first among the European countries to discover this part of the African continent, they showed very little interest in colonization….