The article entitled “Sources of stress experienced by occupational therapists and social workers in mental health settings” by Chris Lloyd, Kryss McKenna at Robert King is a study about the different sources of stress that were experienced by both the occupational therapists and the social workers. At the same time, this study identifies the factors related to stress, both demographic and work related factors.
The reason why the writer have chosen this topic is that she have worked in a variety of occupational therapy student placements already and as an occupational therapist assistant for a number of years experiencing high levels of burnout and have recognized the potential of burnout among senior occupational therapist. This article is very relevant on our study aside from the idea and the fact the we are occupational therapy students, there is a need to know whether these people were having enough time for themselves after helping and caring for other people.
The launch of this study signaled the start of giving enough attention in the state of the health workers physical and mental capacity. Thus, this study helps people in present to know and at the same time, to analyze the health care environemnt and the people in it. One of the difficulties that was found was the lack of literature available specifically related to burnout and occupational therapists. There were not much study about the stress that both occupation therapists and social workers.
Instead, most of the time, the study is focused or centered on the patients, limiting it to them alone and not minding the people who take care of them. People everywhere have long been interested in a wide range of phenomena called “burnout”. Burnout has become a major issue but the word burnout is used by many different people in many different contexts and for different purposes. Masloch (1982) defines burnout as a “syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and reduced personal accomplishment”.
The word burnout has been continuously used and may be recognised and often associated continuously with the nursing profession. With nurses working long hours including shift work, with huge physical demands and responsibilities. Although occupational therapists do not hold the same roles and responsibilities as nurses, they do work in a variety of settings that can be just as stressful as any other profession. Also, the number of hours which they render to give their services is as tiring as those of the people who belong in the nursing profession.
Maslachs (1982) suggests that burnout tends to be the nature of the job and its associated job roles, responsibilities. This is especially crucial to consider as occupational therapists expand their roles in non traditional settings and move into other healthcare models such as the community model According to Pollock (1986) a huge difficulty for occupational therapist especially in the rehabilitation team is burnout, working with the same clients over and long periods of time can lead to feelings of disilushment and rigidly of attitudes”.
Although it is visible in the eyes of the people in the health environment and the peoeple surrounding then, study about it was not as many as those studies made for their patients. There is a very little literature that can be found with burnout specifically related to occupational therapy. With occupational therapy becoming more and more of a demand and healthcare work environments the implications of burnout should be of no exception to occupational therapists.
Because of the busy schedule and the burden these health workers experience everyday in their job, their health is at risk. They suffer from stress and burn out which can affect tehm either physically or mentally. The study on why they experience stress is needed to know and identify the factors and the reasons which causes these things that could somehow hinder them from having or executing a good job for their patients. The title of the article directly tells the topic or the subject matter without giving complication to the readers.
There is a straight forward approach from the title which gives the readers a hint on what the paper will all be about and at the same time, the key words that can be used to either describe the whole article of to tag it is in the title itself. When it comes to the abstract of the article, a very informative abstract will be read. It does not limit the information it holds by simply describing the paper and what the paper is all about. Instead, it summarized the whole article by giving the important facts about the topic.
In six sentences, the article abstract stated what the study is all about, it also mentioned the method used, the survey and the results of the study made. The summarization of the whole article and squeezing it in just few sentences does not spoil the whole article. Instead, it gave a clearer view of the study and made it easy for the readers to understand thus, we can say that the abstract is very informative. The introduction part of the study focused in informing the readers or its audience with the meaning of both stress and burn out.
Alongside with these definitions were the factors which exerst pressure to the occupational therapists and social workers. Also, in this part of the paper, the current situation of both the occupational therapists and the social workers were mentioned. It was studied and analyzed thoroughly to give justification with their study. The introduction of the article was based on different sources which was used in the study aside from the survey. A study background was mentioned which means that past studies were already made prior to the release of the article and the new study.
In the Methodology of the article, the authors stated the methods used as well as the measures used for the study. Although it does not directly talked about the whole survey idea, it clearly described the use of each measures and how each of these tools can measure the percentage of each information in the questionaire and those which belongs to the Mental Health Professionals Scale also used as way of measurement for the study. To analyze the survey, they used the Statistical Package for the Social Science software. They used this system to identify the factors and used Alpha level of 0. 5 in determining the significance.
They had a good choice of tools for the survey thus, it made the whole study easier and a lot better. Also it become more specific because of the use of the Mental Health Professionals Stress Scale. There is a uniform answer for every question and accuracy of the results is not at stake. The limitations of the study stated well the boundaries set my the researchers to limit the problems that complications might cause in the study. The results of the survey was clearly interpreted in the tables and well interpreted starting from page 85 to 89.
Each table has a corresponding interpretation which makes it easier to understand. There is clarity in the results because good interpretation was provided. In the discussion part of the article, the results together with the researches were discussed by linking the two with each other. The conclusion of the study was based from the survey, results and the discussion in the article. Although the authors used outside sources in the introduction, there were no mentioned other sources in the conclusion which makes the whole concluding paragraph very specific to the discussion.
The reference section of the paper is well documented. Every source used and mentioned in the whole paper is placed alphabetically in the last part of the article (pages 92-94). The study gave a clearer view of the stress that the occupational therapists and social workers have been experiencing. It identified the different factors from the results of the survey which results or causes stress to the occupational therapists and the social workers. Also, the study provided a better view of the life of these people who endlessly do and give service to the people around them.