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Software Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Software engineers

There have also been improvements in the protocols applied by the internet. In its inception the type and the capacity of data that could be passed through the internet was limited because the mechanism that enable its functioning, referred to as protocols, could not support complex data formats and large data sizes. Software engineers, web designers and application designers have worked so hard over the years that it is currently easy to pass data over the internet in almost all existing formats. The most common web browsers support the sending of multimedia over the internet, furthermore the live streaming of videos and clips is possible with the protocol applied with the latest versions of browsers (Jayne, 1999). It is even…

Office Automation and Group Collaboration Software

As the business becomes smaller and smaller due to globalization making the business environment more dynamic and competitive, organizations of today are fast realizing the importance of information as an critical asset to successes. This in turn increases the importance of automated soft wares and group collaborations systems, which make information management and use more efficient and effective. This articles explores how Office Automation and group collaboration Systems like Groove are increasingly applied to manual business functions in a network of computers in an organization, which help in business communications, writing reports, saving information and statistics, and group of people working on a project from different location and same or different time frames, all integrated in automated software which saves…

Cryptography Case

ABSTRACT Industrial espionage among highly competitive businesses often requires that extensive security measures be put into place. And, those who wish to exercise their personal freedom, outside of the oppressive nature of governments, may also wish to encrypt certain information to avoid suffering the penalties of going against the wishes of those who attempt to control. . Encryption is the process of transforming text into an unintelligible form called cipher. Data encryption is the process used to hide the true meaning of data. Reversing the process of encryption is called decryption. Encryption and decryption comprise the science of cryptography as it is applied to the modern computer. Data encryption is achieved through the use of an algorithm that transforms data…

Extreme Programming (Xp)

Agile projects are similar to traditional projects. “You still must define and initiate the project, plan for the project, execute the plan, and monitor and control the results” (“ccspace.com,” 2011). How these steps are accomplished is different and therefore, the Agile project manager must adapt his approach. One agile software engineering method is Extreme Programming or XP. XP is a collection of values, principles and practices designed to rapidly create highquality software that provides the maximum value for the customer as quickly as possible. It is called extreme or XP because it takes commonsense principles and practices to extreme levels, changing the way programmers work. It is a lightweight methodology suitable for small-tomedium-sized teams developing software that are faced with…

Proposed system feasibility

1. (B) An analysis of proposed system feasibility and a logical system design are part of which of the following SDLC phase? a. Construction phase b. Definition phase c. Implementation phase d. System-building phase 2. (B) The SDLC phase that typically requires the greatest percentage of total cost for a project is the _________ phase. a. definition b. construction c. implementation d. final 3. (B) A feasibility analysis includes which of the following components? a. System requirements document b. Scope or boundaries of the system c. Processes used to convert data d. All of the above. 4. (A) The ___________ approach to systems development has often been referred to as the “waterfall” model. a. SDLC b. prototyping c. RAD d….

Modelling of Noise in PLL’s Using

Hardware description languages (HDLs) exist to describe hardware. In this they differ from traditional programming languages, which generally exist to describe algorithms. To properly describe hardware, one must be able to describe both the behaviour of the individual components as well as how they are interconnected. Hardware description languages have two primary applications: simulation and synthesis. With simulation, one applies various stimuli to an executable model that is described using the HDL in order to predict how it will respond. Simulation allows you to understand how complex systems behave before you incur the time and expense of implementing them. Synthesis is the process of actually implementing the hardware. Here the assumption is that the HDL is used to describe the…

Tora Software

Temporary-Ordered Routing Algorithm (TORA) – An Operations Research Software TORA is an algorithm i.e. a mathematical set of instructions or programs (mathematical-software). It is an optimization system in the area of operations research which is very easy to use. Further, TORA is menu-driven and Windows-based which makes it very user friendly. The software can be executed in automated or tutorial mode. The automated mode reports the final solution of the problem, usually in the standard format followed in commercial packages, while the tutorial mode keeps on giving step-wise information about the methodology and solution. TORA tutorial software deals with the following algorithms: •Solution of simultaneous linear equations •Linear programming •Transportation model •Integer programming •Network models •Project analysis by CPM/PERT •Poisson…

System Requirment Specification for Postal System

1.INTRODUCTION The SRS provides functioning of the Post Office Transaction System software used in postal offices all over the country. This software works in a Client Server environment with the server storing the data and clients connecting to the server for all types of transactions. It will explain the purpose and features of the system, the interfaces of the system, what the system will do, the constraints under which it must operate, specific requirements and other supporting information. This document is intended for both the stakeholders and the developers of the system. This document is intended for developers, project coordinator, project guide, users and testers. The developer can use the document to view the analysis and design part, to understand…

Alumni Tracking System

An issue tracking system (also ITS, trouble ticket system, support ticket or incident ticket system) is a computer software package that manages and maintains lists of issues, as needed by an organization. Issue tracking systems are commonly used in an organization’s customer support call center to create, update, and resolve reported customer issues, or even issues reported by that organization’s other employees. An issue tracking system often also contains a knowledge base containing information on each customer, resolutions to common problems, and other such data. An issue tracking system is similar to a “bugtracker”, and often, a software company will sell both, and some bugtrackers are capable of being used as an issue tracking system, and vice versa. Consistent use…

Management: Paying for patching

Patch software has been designed to assist with updating computer programs and fixing a wide range of computer related problems. At the same time, patching has also been designed to update a computer’s supporting data. This is normally done in an attempt to make better the performance of a computer. Patch management involves the process of strategically planning and deciding on which system, the exact patches to use on these systems and at what time (Andress, 2006). Over time, many software companies like Microsoft have resorted to enabling their customers to be able to use patch securely as a free software. In XP SP2, Microsoft made updates that enabled its customers choose to allow Microsoft make automatic background updates on…

Feedback Loops to Enhance Software Capability

Feedback loops are a part of the systems we examine in systems thinking. Our first text book Thinking in Systems tells us we can see the existence of a feedback loop when “the consistent behavior pattern over a long period of time” is observed. My own interpretation is that feedback loops provide information in real time (or something close to real time) to provide the opportunity to make adjustments, pushing toward improvement. Even more simply stated action= information=reaction. Systems thinking is a methodology for us to analyze and predict behavior by developing an in-depth understanding of the underlying components in the system. The majority of real world problems are complex, and due to this complexity the systems models for these…

Enterprise Systems

Enterprise systems, according to the text, are: a set of integrated software modules and a central database that enables data to be shared by many different business processes and functional areas throughout the enterprise. (Laudon & Laudon, 2011)Let’s say, for example, the financial department of an organization needs to audit all of the orders fulfilled by the Sales and Marketing department. With an integrated enterprise system, there is no need to request the information and wait for it to be sent to the financial department from the distribution center. Both departments are linked by a central database that they can both access at any given time. This reduces the time between requesting the data and utilizing it for the department’s…

Analysis on Big IT Project Failure

Lawsuit Claims Epicor’s Two-year Effort Delivered ‘useless’ Software http://muckrack.com/link/eVdy/lawsuit-claims-epicors-two-year-effort-delivereduseless-software Beverage distributor Major Brands is suing Epicor, alleging the ERP (enterprise resource planning) software vendor failed to deliver a satisfactory system after years of effort and significant cost overruns, and then offered a solution that would force the company to install a new version that hadn’t yet been completed, pushing back the original “go-live” date by four years. In September 2008, Major Brands began looking for a new software suite to replace some 20-year-old applications it had been using to run its business, according to the company’s complaint, which was filed Thursday in U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri. The older software was still “functioning in an acceptable…

FOSS Research Assignment

FOSS (Free and Open Source Software) had some trouble in 2006 when Microsoft submitted 235 patents that were allegedly violated by FOSS. Microsoft created these patents in order to collect royalties from companies in the “free world” (companies/people using free software). Eben Moglen of the Free Software Foundation contended that software is a mathematical algorithm and is not patentable. Moglen wrote, “It’s a tinderbox. As the commercial confrontation between free software and software-that’s-a-product becomes more fierce, patent law’s going to be the terrain on which a big piece of the war’s going to be fought.” FOSS has powerful corporate patrons and allies. So if Microsoft ever tried to sue Linux distributor Red Hat for patent infringement, for instance, OIN might…

Open Source Software

Free and Open Source Software has been around for quite some time. Free software has always been a controversy. This time someone is trying to take a stance against it. More than just someone but a major software company namely Microsoft. The whole issue is coming against software patents. Patents are there to protect the make, use, and selling of an invention but in this case would deal with software. Microsoft is not keen on the idea of software being readily available especially to businesses at little to no cost. In the business world this is unheard of. To let companies take control and create custom software with almost no cost is being attacked. Microsoft is quoted in a CNN…

Business Information Systems

1. What is a decision? When does a person have to make a decision? A decision is a conclusion or resolution reached after a thought out consideration of variables in a problem. When more than one possible action is involved in solving a problem, a decision must be made. 2. Calculating a complex trajectory of a spaceship to Mars is a structured problem, whereas diagnosing the cause of a rash on a person’s skin is often unstructured. How so? A structured problem is one in which an optimal solution can be reached through a single set of steps. Since the one set of steps is known, and since the steps must be followed in a known sequence, solving a structured…

Case Study: System Development

System development is a process in which programmers with organization contribution write codes to solve a problem that face the organization system or automate a procedure. There are three major systems development techniques that been used to solve systems’ problems. The system development techniques are SDLC (Systems Development Life Cycle), JAD (Joint Application Development), and RAD (Rapid Application Development). SDLC provides tools for controlling details within large development projects that solve structured problems. JAD enables the identification, definition, and implementation of information infrastructures. RAD supports the iteration and flexibility necessary for building robust business process support(Osborn, 1995). In this case study, the manager been asked to design, develop, and install a Patient Management Information System for a medical clinic in…

Finance Proposal

.1.INTRODUCTION: This research is an overview that how organization can improve their output by information system planning and implementation? Ethical and professional practices as well as effective risk management, improving the outcomes and monitoring the performance.ERP system gives flexibility, quick response.ERP was introduced in early 1990’s to cope with the requirements of the market. This system is difficult to get in practice as it has many modules and can be modified according to the need of an organization. 1.1Company’s introduction SSGC (Sui Southern Gas company limited) is the Pakistan’s most leading company. Its purpose to provide natural gas to all the regions of the country. Beside transmission construction off all high and low pressure distribution systems. The vision of the…

Principles of Instructional Design

Pilot or field test are programs where new software concepts or new project ideas are tested and reviewed. A pilot test takes place earlier before the initial implementation of the project. During these period of field test participants are encouraged to provide feedback not just on the project being implemented but how the project is useful and how it can be improved. Its main aim is to influence the feature and the future of the final product to be implemented. Also peoples reaction about the project or soft ware should be taken into consideration as they are they main target. Pilot tests are mostly used during the implementation of new ideas . Pilot tests are also plans, conducts, directs and…

Software Reuse

Abstract Effective reuse of software products is reportedly increasing productivity, saving time, and reducing cost of software development. Historically, software reuse focused on repackaging and reapplying of code modules, data structures or entire applications in the new software projects (Prieto-Diaz 1994). Recently, however, it has been acknowledgedas beneficial to redeploy software components across the entire development life-cycle, starting with domain modelling and requirements specification, through software design, coding and testing, to maintenance and operation. There were also attempts to reuse aspects of project organisation and methodology, development processes, and communication structures. However, as the concept of reusing software components is very clear at the code level (whether in source or binary form), the very same concept becomes more fuzzy and…

Teaching Techniques Essay

Software Development is one of the main courses that I often teach. In order to teach this course to my students at undergraduate level, I use an eclectic approach by combining various teacher-centered and student-centered teaching techniques. In fact, due to the nature of this course, both theoretical education and practical work are required (Damian, Hadwin, & Al-Ani, 2006; Dubinsky & Hazzan, 2005; Gnatz, Kof, Prilmeier, & Seifert, 2003). Therefore, teacher-centered techniques are not sufficient, and some student-centered techniques should be employed to fulfill the requirements of this course that is a key subject for software engineering students (Catalano & Catalano, 1997). In general, my teaching strategy for this course consists of four different elements, including: a briefing session, teaching…

Solidworks

SolidWorks is an immense topic, especially if you are new to the software. There is much to know and much to write about. Although I have made every effort to be complete in this book, I’m sure there are some niche topics that have gone untreated. The 2013 edition has been consolidated from two volumes into one, which led to some choices about content. In this edition, we rely more on video introductions for each chapter to demonstrate some of the basic concepts. You can find those video introductions on this book’s website at www. wiley. com/go/solidworks2013. This book is primarily meant as an encyclopedic desk reference for SolidWorks Standard users who want a more thorough understanding of the software…

Fedex and Maruti Information System Case

1. List the business processes displayed in the video. A business process is defined by an addition of activities; step in production and tasks related to one another conducted to accomplish a specific organizational goal and produce a product or service for specific customers. Collecting: FedEx’s agents pick up packages at customers’ house and get them to a sorting center. Sorting: Packages are sorted according to theirs destination thanks to an ingenious automated system using conveyers, scanners and diverters. FedEx scan and enter the packages into a system, which will allocate them an identification number. Then packages are stored by conveyor belt. In order to optimize the sort and distribution of the packages and determining the cost of shipping, length,…

Information Systems Development Methodologies

This purpose of this paper is to give an understanding of the information systems development methodologies available. A software development methodology or system development methodology in software engineering is a framework that is used to structure, plan, and control the process of developing an information system. Here are some iterative methodologies that can be used especially for large projects and some of their characteristics. Spiral Model The idea is evolutionary development, using the waterfall model for each step; it’s intended to help manage risks. Don’t define in detail the entire system at first. The developers should only define the highest priority features. Define and implement those, then get feedback from users/customers (such feedback distinguishes “evolutionary” from “incremental” development). With this…

Methodology-Spiral Model

As per the name, spiral model is a software development methodology that is arranged in a spiral shape. It was proposed by Barry Boehm and is mostly used to handle high risk and also large projects. The spiral model uses iterations, meaning similar steps that are repeated until the needs are satisfied. This methodology is suitable when requirements are not clear to the software developers. Prototypes are made in this methodology and given to the users to be tested to change the requirements to make sure it fulfills all the user requirements. Examples of systems that might utilize this methodology would be large systems like airport terminal systems, large information systems and so on. To further elaborate on the methodology,…

Office Software

In a typical organization for example Exxon Mobile security, uses an office automation software named as “e-integrate” which successfully manages the various integrations of data sharing among each other. The group collaboration software used is named as “e-communicate” which allows all the employees of the organization in accordance to their departmental rules and regulations. Advantages of Office Automation software: The advantages of an office automation and group collaboration software can be attributed to effectively manage the resources like office employees and jobs. The database containing all the records of the employees and the resources at use would make sure to fetch the right amount of detail for working with it when needed. The record also facilitates the requirement of efficient…

The implementation phase

The purpose of this paper is to incorporate the transition from the design to the implementation phase. The implementation phase is the fourth phase of the system development life cycle. This phase is refers to as the decisive moment. All the work that has been done up to this point to bring an idea to realty is coming to life. This phase is most expensive and time-consuming of the previous three phases. The work done in this phase is tedious, and requires the strictest focus to the attention of detail. The major activities involved in this area are coding, testing, installation, documentation, training, and support. The purpose for this these activities are to transform the work from the previous phase…

Integration and System Testing

In this report I will be writing about integration and system testing which is a type of testing which is conducted in the software development process. I will start off by writing about integration testing. Introduction Integration and system testing is a type of software testing, this makes sure that tests such as the system and integration are done before releasing the product. Software testing has very strict set of rules and guidelines that it follows to make sure each individual part of the software is thoroughly checked before it is given the OK, this makes sure that there are no errors and that the software runs how it’s supposed to. Integration and system testing is mainly done by a…

The Optical Character Reader

The Optical Character Reader has traditionally been well-known in the area of scanning of handwritten documents (preprinted such as utility bills filled in with meter readings by human readers) and process the numbers or text from the scanning process into computer readable formats through software. The OCR is one of the best methods to use when there is a need for the capture of neat handwritten documents. SAT tests, electronic bill calculation and MCQ quizzes are part of the applications of the OCR. This paper will however, research the OCR comparing it with other available methods/devices for data capture and evaluate the usefulness of the OCR against them. THE RESEARCH GOCR: Historically, GOCR software has not been one of the…

IT Planning

Developing software takes months and even years to develop. For that reason, experts have developed a few models that help in streamlining the process of development. There are four famous models, waterfall model, the spiral model, the iterative and incremental development model, and the agile development model. Each model has its pros and cons, but the experts agree that the best model is the agile development model. In the agile software development emphasize is laid on the interaction between the programmers and the business team. The fundamental success of this approach is that the driving force is feedback rather than planning. This makes it more people centric than the other developmental models. (Alexandrou) Other models also work, but each of…