Fill in the matrix below, denoting each philosopher’s view concerning the topics listed. Write NA if there is no record in the textbook of the philosopher’s view on the specific topic. Then, using the information you inserted into the matrix as a guide, write a 350-700 word response describing how Socrates’, Plato’s, and Aristotle’s philosophies relate to each other. | | | |Socrates |Plato |Aristotle | |Logic and Argument in |Used the dialectic method to take an |Used the knowledge of the forms to|Contributed the concept of | |Philosophy |argument to the root issue and |get to the fundamental issue.
|logical reasoning through | | |proceed from there. | |syllogism. | |Methods of Acquiring |Used the dialectic method to acquire |Sensory perception is not a valid |Some things can be intuitively | |Knowledge |knowledge. |means of acquiring knowledge. It |known. For most things they | | | |is through thinking and knowledge |should be grouped to discover | | | |of the true forms that one gains |similar qualities as well as | | | |knowledge and can perceive their |unique qualities. | | | |surroundings. | | |Love |NA |For Plato, “love is meant to be |NA | | | |the force that brings all things | | | | |together and makes them beautiful”|
| | | |(Moore & Bruder, 2005, p. 44). | | | | |Love operates as a force that | | | | |shows that some knowledge is | | | | |lacking, and then the force that | | | | |pursues that knowledge. | | |Existence |NA |NA |A determination is made if the | | | | |object exists, and a | | | | |determination is made about the| | | | |object substance. | Write a 350-700 word response (collectively) describing how the philosophies of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle relate to each other concerning the following topics: • Logic and Argument in Philosophy.
• Knowledge and Methods of Acquiring Knowledge • Love • Existence Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle had a similar approach to logic and argument. They called to the base issue. Despite the fact that getting to the base issue and the base issue itself was different for each philosopher, the core was getting to the root of the idea and then going on from there. Socrates added to this through his grouping of multiple base issues to form an argument. Like their approach to logic and argument, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle had a main similarity in the way they acquired knowledge.
All three philosophers, while different in technique, took the idea to its base or simplest form, and then built it up from there. At the beginning, Plato had the form and that was the key element, although multiple forms could exist in one object. Socrates used the dialectic method which was a predecessor to Aristotle’s syllogism. Aristotle expanded upon Socrates’ dialectic method by combining known items to make a logical argument. Even though the textbook only mentions Plato’s view on love, similarities can be made with Socrates.
With Socrates dying for his corruption of the youth and rejection of the Gods, it was mainly his idealism and philosophy that brought him to his death. His refusal to compromise his beliefs, and thus escaping death, reinforced that reason. The main similarity between Plato and Socrates is that love is a force. For Socrates, this force was reason; while for Plato, it was knowledge of the forms. Even though the textbook only mentions specifics on existence, some presumptions about Plato’s view of essence can be made.
With Plato’s philosophy mainly on the basis of the forms, it is the forms that are used to define and judge the objects in the temporal world. For Plato, as one grows in knowledge of the forms, they can then better analyze the world through the senses to determine their compliance with the original form that the object resembles. The similarity between the two philosophies is in Aristotle’s substance and that it can be paralleled back to Plato’s search of the knowledge of the form’s essence and nature.