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Socrates Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Jesus or Socrates

Franklin’s virtues have everything to do with his plan for moral perfection. By beginning his list with Temperance, he understands the fact that drinking and eating to excess will dull his abilities to concentrate on the other virtues. He lists order and resolution. In order to be able to successfully manage his plan for moral perfection, he needs order in his life. Not just knowing where things are but an order and structure to his day. Resolution addresses the idea of doing what one says he will do. Again, he must not only set about his plan in writing, but he must also perform the various elements of his plan. The next few virtues deal with aspects of life not…

Political Philosophy and Plato

Credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, he is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of later classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon, and the plays of his contemporary Aristophanes. Many would claim that Plato’s dialogues are the most comprehensive accounts of Socrates to survive from antiquity. Through his portrayal in Plato’s dialogues, Socrates has become renowned for his contribution to the field of ethics, and it is this Platonic Socrates who also lends his name to the concepts of Socratic irony and the Socratic method, or elenchus. The latter remains a commonly used tool in a wide range of discussions, and is a type of pedagogy in which a series…

Plato vs Isocrates

Plato encouraged in his writings that the view that sophists were concerned with was “the manipulative aspects of how humans acquire knowledge. ” (Lecture) Sophists believed that only provisional or probable knowledge was available to humans but both Plato and Isocrates did not agree with a lot of what the Sophists had to say. They both believed in wisdom and having a connection with rhetoric but vary in defining wisdom in itself. Wisdom for Socrates and Plato is having an understanding of speech, knowledge of truth and being able to question the speaker in order to seek and reveal truth. Isocrates defined wisdom as having a sense of integrity and character along with the ambition and ability to speak well…

Research Paper on Plato

Abstract Many Philosophers made a difference in society but Plato is perhaps recognized as the most famous. His writings have had a profound effect on people, politics, and the philosophy throughout the centuries. He was a public figure and he made major contributions to society. Plato helped to lay the philosophical foundations of modern culture through his ideas and writings. One of the most philosophical thinkers of Western civilization, Plato is the only author from ancient Greek times whose writings survive intact. His collection consists of thirty-five dialogues and thirteen letters, though the authorship of some is contested. Plato was born in Athens, into a prosperous aristocratic family. His Father’s name was Ariston and his Mother’s name was Perictione. His…

Response Paper on Platos Crito

Socrates argues in the Crito that he shouldn’t escape his death sentence because it isn’t just. Crito and friends can provide the ransom the warden demands. If not for himself, Socrates should escape for the sake of his friends, sons, and those who benefit from his teaching. Socrates and Crito’s argument proceeds from this point. There are many instances in Plato’s the Crito where Socrates gives reasons for himself to stay in Athens and face his death. Arguments range from that of him being too old to run, to the common response two wrongs don’t make a right. Socrates expresses that he is obligated to obey the laws of his city by living there, which means you should obey your…

Plato and Crito

In Plato’s Crito, Crito attempts to persuade Socrates to flee from his death sentence. However, Crito fails because Socrates presents a counter argument which invalidates much of Crito’s original pleas. Despite this, a fallacy of justice may have been created. Even so, the Republic’s conception of justice seems to have little impact on Socrates’ existing ideas on justice. The first argument presented is the fact that the majority will look down upon Crito and others for not preventing Socrates death; they will find it to be a “shameful thing both for you and for us” because it seems “that [Crito] let the opportunity slip because of some vice, such as cowardice” (46a). Another reason which he presents to Socrates is…

Platos Apology

Plato’s Apology is a narrative of the famous speech of Socrates that is made during his trial. Instead of apologizing, Socrates attempts to defend himself and his actions. He is put on trial due to his accusations of corrupting Athens, not acknowledging the same gods as the state, and creating new gods. During his dialogue, Socrates remains very calm and speaks with honesty. He focuses on what is said rather than his manner of speech. When he is first presented in from of the jury, Socrates asks them if they will hear him in the same dialect in which he is familiar with. Being his first court appearance, he is not accustomed to the language of the jury. Socrates spent…

Plato and Aristotle

Just like Plato makes it clear especially in his apology of Socrates saying that he was among the devoted young followers, he must have told Aristotle about how he loved pizza but Aristotle must have argued out that he knew the pizza guy but he knew not about the extra large mutton and olive pie regardless of how hungry they were. This is just like they knew little about the hockey but knew about Athens. The fact that both their relationship is not problematic does not mean that their argument or comments about the pizza could cause them not to eat the pizza brought by the pizza guy. Pizza is a mixture of everything because it is not made in…

Euthyphro – Plato

On his way to his trial, Socrates runs into his friend Euthyphro, there to prosecute his own father for the murder of a slave. From this state of affairs, Socrates engages Euthyphro in a dialogue that begins with questions regarding piousness and ends up unsatisfactorily attempting to come to a true answer. In the course of this discussion, definitions of concept of holiness emerge, only to be picked apart by Socrates. Ultimately, Socrates’ goal is a new definition of piety and subtle rejection of the very idea of gods, paving the way for Plato’s defense of his wrongly accused teacher. Socrates is shocked to learn that Euthyphro is prosecuting his own father. Euthyphro defends his actions, believing that it is…

Plato, Crito

In the Dialogue Crito, Socrates employs his Elenchus to examine the notion of justice and one’s obligation to justice. In the setting of the dialogue, Socrates has been condemned to die, and Crito comes with both the hopes and the means for Socrates to escape from prison. When Socrates insists that they should examine whether he should escape or not, the central question turns into whether if it is unjust to disobey laws. Socrates’ ultimate answer is that it is unjust; he makes his argument by first showing that it’s wrong to revenge injustice, then arguing that he has made an agreement with the city’s law for its benefits, and finally reasoning that he should keep to that agreement and…

Logic – Plato

In Plato’s “An Argument for Dualism from ‘Alcibiades I,’” he discusses the idea that man is one of three things: soul, body, or both together forming a whole. In his dialogue between Socrates and Alcibiades, Plato argues that neither the body, nor the union of soul and body is man. This leads him to claim that either man has no real existence or the soul is man. Plato’s assertion directs the reader to the conclusion of his argument, which is to prove that the soul is man. This argument begins when Plato has Socrates pose the question of what we are as humans and what is in fact doing the talking and hearing between people. He then moves on to…

Plato’s Euthyphro and Apology

Plato’s dialogues, involving his own version of his old mentor Socrates, the Apology and Euthyphro, espouse one of the famous methods of philosophic inquiry, the Socratic Method. This dialectical method of questioning basically asks a question to answer another question. Thus the flow of inquiry is somehow continuous in nature, that the method of question is a universal method in acquiring certain truths and knowledge. This is evident in Socrates’ main ideal in life – that every person, including himself, knows nothing. That is why to question is the ideal method in creating an understanding of what real knowledge is. In the Apology, it narrates the famous prosecution of Socrates who was branded by Athenian society as a nosy busybody…

Socrates and the Athenian Politics

For us to be able to assess and judge Socrates’ influence on the Athenian society, more importantly the youths, we must first able to determine the foundation of an Athenian society or any political society in general that will enable us to assess if whether Socrates’ teachings is a threat to its existence and survival. If we look back to the dialogues and writings of both Plato and Aristotle and even to latter thinkers in the medieval and modern Europe, we can find a common ground wherein they rooted the rise and growth of any political society. For these people, a political community and society is a natural implication of the growth of humanity and civilization. Starting from individual existence…

The Pre-Socratic Tradition and Socratic Philosophy

Socrates was one of the most relevant figures in philosophy. His influence in this field of discipline was so extensive that every philosopher who came after him followed in his footsteps. Though the history of philosophy considers Socrates as a central figure, there were lesser known but equally important philosophers who came before him. These individuals are known as Pre-Socratic philosophers. Now the philosophy before the time of Socrates and the philosophy that Socrates influenced shared similarities and differences. This essay seeks to discuss what makes these philosophies alike and what sets them apart. What was the pre-Socratic tradition all about? What was its subject matter? To properly describe the pre-Socratic tradition, there are several themes to consider. First, this…

Greek Philosophies

The Ancient Greek philosophers have played a pivotal role in the shaping of the western philosophical tradition. This article surveys the seminal works and ideas of key figures in the Ancient Greek philosophical tradition from the Presocratics to the Neoplatonists. It highlights their main philosophical concerns and the evolution in their thought from the sixth century BCE to the sixth century CE. The Ancient Greek philosophical tradition broke away from a mythological approach to explaining the world, and it initiated an approach based on reason and evidence. Initially concerned with explaining the entire cosmos, the Presocratic philosophers strived to identify its single underlying principle. Their theories were diverse and none achieved a consensus, yet their legacy was the initiation of the…

The Values of Philosophy

The “love of wisdom” or philosophy is viewed as useless in today’s society. It is often thought as a discipline that is outdated and irrelevant to the real world due to the fact that it seems to serve no purpose in real-life situations. However these very questions that may seem to have no answers can serve as a key to train our minds in order for us to live a fulfilling life. Philosophy is a discipline that should be encouraged in today’s world because the value of it serves us more growth than it does harm. In “The Value of Philosophy” by Russell, he states that many people view philosophy as “useless discussions on matters concerning questions that cannot be…

Socrates: the Apology and Crito

Socrates believed that his purpose, as a moral individual, was to achieve true wisdom of virtue and justice. With this considered, one may ask, “Then why did he accept punishment for crimes he didn’t commit?” Socrates didn’t care for fate, because he was only concerned for whether or not he and others were doing the right thing. This belief is shown to be evident when Socrates says, “You are sadly mistaken, fellow, if you suppose that a man with even a grain of self-respect should reckon up the risks of living or dying, rather than simply consider, whenever he does something, whether his actions are just or unjust, the deeds of a good man or a bad one.” (Defence of…

Socrates on Justice, Law and the Obligation to obey the State

Socrates is one of the greatest philosophers in history, although he did not write any philosophy. He is only known through other people’s writings, particularly Plato, his one-time student. It is therefore not easy to tell which philosophy belongs to Plato and which belongs to Socrates. Socrates lived between 470 BC and 399 BC. His death came as a result of drinking hemlock after he was tried and condemned to death. This was because he did not believe in the gods recognized by the state, and instead introduced new and different divine powers. He was also accused of corrupting the youth. Crito, Apology and Euthyphro present Socrates’ story; his trial and death. Euthyphro discusses piety as set by an Athenian…

The Comparison and Similarities: Jesus Christ and Socrates

There are over a thousand of great philosophers all over the world who had successfully touched and affected the ethical principles and values of the people even in these present times. Two of them are Socrates, who had introduced the method of hypothesis for scientific methods nowadays and; Jesus Christ, the well known prophet who had spread the words of God on the Catholic and Christian practices Socrates had been a student of the famous philosopher Plato. He had introduced a concept regarding justice and solving different problems. He had experimented that to solve a problem, you must formulate two possible solutions then pick the best one. It had been evolved in time and is now called hypothesis, a part…

Socrates on Oratory, Desire, Power, and Good in Gorgias 447a-468e

To critically assess the language of Socrates within the work Gorgias, a look will be taken at the key steps to refutation and how Gorgias, and later Polus, may have failed in his attempt, and further, how Socrates makes the argument that tyrants, like orators or politicians, have no real power and that they are unable to act upon their own desires because they are crippled by the very power that makes them powerful. When Socrates and Chaerephon arrive at the lecture of Gorgias, Callicles makes the blithe joke that Socrates never lowers himself to such an argument that he is about to make—but he, like an arrogant rooster, forces his way into a refutation that Gorgias never knew was…

Socrates Biography

Socrates was born in 470 BC in Circa Athens Greece. His father Sophroniscus was a stone carver and sculpture and his mother was a midwife. He was short and stocky, he had huge eyes and a stubby nose; fortunately he always emphasized the idea that the mind is more important than the looks of the physical body of the thinker. in other words, don’t judge a book by its cover. Socrates because was as not a noble did not get a full education, but he did however get some education. Socrates married a woman named Xanthippe, she gave birth to three sons. He said himself that he was not around and didn’t have much to do with the upbringing of…

Socrates & Integrity

Socrates was one of those rare individuals who “practiced what he preached. ” His allegiance to being just and good wasn’t merely lip-service, and it was proven in his behavior. It’s easy to say you believe certain things, but another thing entirely to prove this belief with your actions. Socrates was perhaps the finest example of this type of integrity, because, while he was a brilliant orator and words and thoughts were his best skill, he was equally concerned with living by the code he championed. Socrates was disliked by some powerful men, and this was directly due to his philosophical manner and his behavior. When the Oracle at Delphi relayed a message from Apollo that Socrates was the wisest…

Critique on Plato’s Apology of Socrates

Socrates was a great philosopher of his time. There came a point in his life when his beliefs were questioned and his teachings doubted. He was charged for evil deeds and wrong doings. His accusers said he made people see the worse as better and passed them on as truths. They also said that he corrupted the youth and that he did not believe in the gods recognized by the state. Socrates addressed the Athenians in defense of his philosophical life. He appealed to the Men of Athens to hear him out and exercise caution in judging him because he had all the answers for them. He said he was a wise man and his wisdom came from the oracle….