“Consider the fearful danger you are in; it is a great furnace of wrath, a wide and bottomless pit, full of the fire of wrath, that you are held over in the hand of that God, whose wrath is provoked and incensed as much against you, as against many of the damned in Hell. You hang by a slender thread, with the flames of divine wrath flashing about it, and ready every moment to singe it, and burn it asunder; and you have no interest in any mediator, and nothing to lay hold of to save yourself, nothing to keep off the flames of wrath, nothing of your own, nothing that you ever have done, nothing that you can do, to induce God to spare you…. The sovereign pleasure of God, for the present, stays his rough wind; otherwise it would come like a whirlwind, and you would be like the chaff of the summer threshing floor.”
1. Explain the mood of this passage. The mood is Somber and Serious.
2. Using specific examples, give one example of a metaphor, one example of a simile, and one example of an allusion that Edwards uses in this passage from the sermon to elicit this particular mood.
A Great furance of warth like a whirlwind the summer threshing floor
3. What specific words (minimum of three) does he choose to make his tone clear? Danger, Wrath, Damned in hell
4. What images (pictures in the listeners’ mind) does Edwards use in the passage to make his tone clear? What effect do those images have on establishing the tone of the piece? God’s “Rough Wind”- Tone is Serious
5. In the last two paragraphs of the sermon Edwards talks about an “extraordinary opportunity” his congregation has. What is this opportunity? How does his sermon persuade the congregation to take advantage of this opportunity?