Paraphrase: Normally the nuclear family is the ideal family in American society, which consists of a husband, wife, and their children whom they had together. In today’s society there have been some radical changes in the country’s family structures. Most families now are single-parent families. Summary: Over the past couple decades; the choosing of being a single-parent family has become more common. The nuclear family is looked upon as the ideal family that now rarely happens. In today’s society the nuclear family consists of mother and step dad, or father and step mom and their children whom they had together or with someone else.
2. The Effects of a Single Parent on Society. By: Florencesa Paraphrase: Single-parent families are higher risk of poverty then two-parent families are. In 2002 many single families earned less than $30,000 per year compared to two-parent families, which earned more than $75,000 per year according to HealthOfChildren.com. Children who come from a single-parent family are usually quicker to engage in sexual activity, the thought of having that one person to love them. However, children who come from single-parent homes have greater psychiatric problems than those who are from a two-parent family. In research at lease 80% of children come from fatherless homes. Summary: Children who come from a single-parent home have higher risks of poverty in their family, engage in more sexual activity, and have greater psychiatric problems. 80% of children come from fatherless homes.
3. Traditional Nuclear Family vs. Blended Family, By: Kristy Jackson. Paraphrase: In a traditional family consists of a married couple and then their biological children. If a child lives in a traditional family and if siblings are present, only full siblings and no others are in the household. A blended family or blended household includes at least one step parent, stepsiblings, or half-siblings and then one biological parent. Researchers have come up with that children of blended families do worse on average then children who come from the traditional family. They found that children from blended families score lower on measures of academic achievement, conduct, and the quality of mother-child and father-child relationships. But those children from then traditional family are not better off in the long run. Summary: Some researchers have come to conclusion that those children who come from blended families score lower on measures of academic achievement, conduct, and the quality of that mother-child and father-child relationship, but with the children from the traditional family will not end up better in the long run, due to the suffer from pre-divorce stress.
4. Federal Report Confirms ‘Nuclear Family’ Best for Children’s Health. Paraphrase: Children living in single-parent families had higher prevalence rates than children in nuclear families for the various health conditions. However, when compared with children living in other nonnuclear families, children in single-parent families generally exhibited similar rates with respect to child health, access to care, and emotional or behavioral difficulties. Other nonnuclear families in which the children were being raised by at least two adults. These other “two-adult” households, however, resulted in child outcomes more comparable to the single-parent families than to the “nuclear” mother-father families. Summary: Children who come from single-parent families seem to have more problems than children in nuclear families because of their health, and emotional or behavioral difficulties. The children who were raised by two adults but not their biological parents still result in the same situation as the children raised by one parent.
5. The Impact of Family Formation Change on the Cognitive, Social, and Emotional Well-Being of the Next Generation Paraphrase: Some people ask why Single-parent families put children at risk. Researchers have some theories to explain why children growing up with single-parents have elevated risks at experiencing cognitive, social, and emotional problems. When growing up in single-parent families, most will look to the economic and parental resources available to the children or the stressful events and circumstances to which children must adapt to. Summary: Regardless of family structure, the quality of parenting is one of the best predictors of children’s emotional and social well-being. Single-parent families find it harder to function then two-parent families. Most two-parent families are less emotionally supportive of their children, have fewer rules, harsher discipline, provide less supervision, and engage in more conflict with their children.
6. Worthen, Molly. “Single Mothers with Family Values.” New York Times. 27 Oct. 2013: SR.1. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 11 Apr. 2014 Summary: Since the rise of homes for fallen women and unwed mothers in the early 19th century, Christians have worried about their plight with a mixture of compassion and contempt. Today in 2014 conservative Christians see that god-fearing communities are not immune to unplanned pregnancy or divorce. Single mothers understand the family as a set of binding relationships crucial to human identity. Their commitment to traditional family values is all the stronger because they are raising children alone. Paraphrase: Un-planned pregnancy and divorce are some reasons why single-parent families have become common. Single mothers see their family as not complete; they understand the family as a set of binding relationships. When single women want a family their commitment to a traditional family values are all stronger because they have been raising their children alone.
7. Hymowitz, Kay, W. Bradford Wilcox, and Kelleen Kaye. “The New Unmarried Moms.” Wall Street Journal. 16 Mar. 2013: C.3. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. Summary: To many Americans the phrase “young single mother” usually pictures a teenage high-school dropout. But that image is now out of date. Teen pregnancy rates have been declining for decades. Today in 2014 a typical unmarried mother is a high-school graduate in her early 20s who may be very well be living with her child’s father. The tragic consequences are the same, children raised in homes that often put them at an enormous disadvantage from the very start of life. Paraphrase: In today’s society Americans believe the words “young single mother” is a women who got pregnant in high-school and dropped out. But really today in 2014 a typical unmarried mother is a high school graduate who probably lives with the child’s father. In today’s society this is more common than your average teen pregnancy relationships. Unfortunally children raised in homes like these often put them at enormous disadvantage from the very start of life.
8. 7 Child Care Issues Single Parents Face
Summary: Being a single parent leads to so many problems like Maintain a work life balance, dealing with inevitable emergencies, traveling for business, changing plans, getting personal time, finding child care for the night out, or even paying for child care. Not getting to spend much time with your child because you are a single parent could lead to problems for the child. Being a single parent can be hard to juggle, but then the thought of being a family means you are in it together. Some days might be filled with laughter and excitement, then other days might be horrible. Paraphrase: Not only does being a single parent affect the parent but of course the child. Not getting to spend any time with the mother or father, and not knowing the other parent could damage the child’s memory, or hurt them in some ways. Even though as an adult you have to maintain your work life, emergencies, traveling for work, changing plans because of the kids, trying to find that personal time, finding that child care for that one night out, or even trying to pay for child care, can still be hard on the parent and the child.
9. Child Trends. (2012). Family structure. Available at: http://www.childtrends.org/?indicators=family-structure – See more at: http://www.childtrends.org/?indicators=family-structure#sthash.OdvBJt11.dpuf Paraphrase: “The proportion of children living with both parents, following a marked decline between 1970 and 1990, has fallen more slowly over the most recent two decades, dropping modestly from 69 percent in 2000 to 64 percent in 2012.” Both the mother and father play important roles in the development in children. The kids living with no biological parent or single-parent households are less likely than children with two-parents to exhibit behavioral self-control, and more likely to be exposed to high levels of aggravated parenting, than are the children living with two parents. Children living with two-parents have in general better health, greater access to health care, and fewer emotional or behavioral problems than children living with a single parent. Outcomes of children living in a step parent family are in many cases similar to those in single-parent homes. Children who live with parents who are divorced also have lower academic performance, social achievement, and psychological adjustment than children with married parents. Children living in households with their single mothers or fathers in some cases fare better, and in other cases worse that includes living with a grandparent. Single parent families tend to have lower incomes than two-parent families do (while cohabitating families fall in between). Summary: Single-parent families suffer from lower incomes, and higher health issues than two-parent families. Two-parent families who have children generally have better health and greater access to health care, and fewer emotional or behavioral problems. Children living in that step parent family end up like the kids from the single-parent families. Children who come from those divorced families have lower academic performances, social achievement, and psychological adjustment than children with married parents.
10. Young children and adolescents can respond differently to divorce, December 19, 2011 by Carl E. Pickhardt, Ph.D. in Surviving (Your Child’s) Adolescence Paraphrase: A divorce introduces a massive change into a life of a boy or girl no matter what age. When parent’s divorce that to a child is witnessing loss of love between parents, having parents break their marriage commitment, adjusting to going back and forth between two different households and their rules, and the daily absence of one parent while living with the other, all create a new challenging family circumstance in which to live which makes it hard on a child. Basically divorce tends to intensify the child’s dependence and it tends to accelerate the adolescent’s independence; it often elicits a more regressive response in the child and a more aggressive response when the child is in its adolescent stage. The child is always the dependent one, closely connected to parents who are favored companions, and really reliant on parental care. The adolescent world is a more independent one, more separated and distant from parents, more self-sufficient, where friends are their favored companion, and where their major focus of their social life now extends outside of family into a larger world of life experience. For a young child divorce shakes their trust in dependency on parents who now have become extremely undependable. They will divide the family up by “mommy’s and daddy’s” side. For a while creating unfamiliarity, instability, and insecurity, never being able to be with one parent without having to be apart from the other parent. Summary: A divorce on a child is the hardest thing they’ll ever have to go through. Divorce will make a child insecure, and confused. A child will normally put the divorce on themselves as it was their fault. It will intensify the child’s dependence on the parents. When divorce occurs in adolescent years it tends to accelerate independence, but also elicits a more aggressive response. When the child is younger they depend on their parents, but when the child is in its adolescent stage they are independent, they are more separated and distant from their parents, and more self-sufficient, where their friends will become their favored companion, where in a child their
parents are their favorite companion.