The seven organizational approaches to study the human body and its system is body planes and body direction, body cavities, quadrants and regions, anatomy and physiology, body systems and medical specialties. Turley (2011) Stated “Each way approaches the body from specific points of view and provides unique information by dividing or organizing the body in a logical way” (Chapter 2). The body is an amazing machine and when it’s divided and studied a person has the opportunity to experience all of the special aspects that makes the human body function as a single unit. The human body can first be studied by planes and directions. The coronal or frontal plane is the vertical plane that divides the body into the front and back section which is also known as the anterior and posterior of the body.
When the body is divided from left and right section it is called the sagittal plane. To study the body from the top and body section is to study the transverse plane; there are vital organs that have superior and inferior parts which is also the upper and lower portion. Turley (2011) stated “the trunk of the body toward the end of a limb is moving in a distal direction; moving from the end of the limb towards the trunk of the body is moving proximal” (chapter2). When studying the body from the surface it is called the superficial or external structure, the structure below the surface and inside the bodies are deep or internal.
The body can also be studied by examining the body cavities and the internal organs. The cranial and spinal cavities are a part of the posterior cavity; this cavity protects the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord). The anterior cavity includes the thoracic and an abdominopelvic cavity which contains the visceral organs. The body has two types of membranes the mucous and serous; they line the ventral cavities and cover the visceral organs. The serous membrane secrets a lubricant, that helps to aids the organs. The common body cavities are the oral, nasal, and middle ear cavities.
To take a closer look at the abdominopelvic area it is usually divided into four quadrants or nine regions. The four quadrants are called the upper left quad, upper right quad, lower left quad, and lower right quad. Turley(2011) stated” The nine regions include the right and left hypochondriac regions, the epigastric region, the right and left lumbar regions, the umbilical region, the right and left inguinal or iliac regions, and the hypogastric region (chapter2).
The human body is also examined and studied by its structure and functions, anatomy and physiology. Anatomy is the study of the structure of the body and physiology is the study of the functions of those structures. The body system is made up of various systems. The gastrointestinal system, respiratory system, cardiovascular system, nervous system skeletal and muscular system these are just some of the systems in the human body that help it to run like a well oiled machine.
The medical specialties that help to study the human body are anatomy, physiology diseases and conditions, laboratory and diagnostic procedures, medical and surgical procedures, and drugs for that body system. Medical specialties (not body systems) are used to name departments in the hospital and other facilities where medicine is practiced. Whenever a person decides to manage their health, there health practitioner uses the seven organizational approaches to help determine how healthy they are and whether they need further treatment by different specialists that their medical expertise is on a particular part of the body (example neurologist, cardiologist).
For the last eight years I have worked and an emergency medical technician and I too have to adhere to the organizational approaches to the human body, I have to give the patient a quick exam from head to toe looking for any deformities or abnormalities that need to be reported to a more experienced medical professional. Anyone in the medical field in some way uses the organizational approach when it comes to patients’ and their care.
1. Turley, S. (2011). Medical Language (2nd ed.). Retrieved from The
University of Phoenix eBook Collection database. 2. McGraw- hill. (). Body organization and anatomical nomenclature. Retrieved from McGraw- hill, website.
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