“I am among those who think that science has great beauty. A scientist in his laboratory is not only a technician: he is also a child placed before natural phenomena which impress him like a fairy tale.” Marie Curie (1867 – 1934)
“There is something fascinating about science. One gets such wholesale returns of conjecture out of such a trifling investment of fact.” Mark Twain (1835 – 1910)
“Our scientific power has outrun our spiritual power. We have guided missiles and misguided men.” Martin Luther King Jr. (1929 – 1968),
“In science the credit goes to the man who convinces the world, not the man to whom the idea first occurs.” Sir Francis Darwin (1848 – 1925),
“Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind.” Albert Einstein (1879 – 1955),
“There are no such things as applied sciences, only applications of science.” Louis Pasteur (1822 – 1895)
Difference between Science & Technology
Technology is the general term used to describe the processes by which human beings fashion tools and machines to increase their control and understanding of the material environment
Science is the term used, in its broadest meaning, to denote systematised knowledge in any field, but applied usually to the organisation of objectively verifiable sense experience.
The word “science” is derived from the Latin words scientia, from scire, “to know”.
The pursuit of knowledge in science is known as pure science, to distinguish it from applied science, which is the search for practical uses of scientific knowledge, and from technology, through which applications are realised. Many historians of science argue that technology is an essential condition of advanced, industrial civilization but science is that field of study which has contributed enormously towards the development of technology
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
The word “technology” is derived from the Greek words tekhnç, which refers to an art or craft, and logia, meaning an area of study; thus, technology means, literally, the study, or science, of crafting.
Technology is the systematic study of techniques for making and doing things whereas science is the systematic attempt to understand and interprete the world
Often the terms, technology and science, are confused. Technology is said to be “applied science”. This is not true. Science deals with the natural world. Technology is the study of the natural laws which govern the universe.
Science tells us that objects will fall to the earth (law of gravity). Science explains why only certain plants are found on the Mojave Desert (plant ecology). Science tells us that steel exposed to oxygen will rust (chemistry). On the other hand, technology deals with the human-made world. It is the study of ways people develop and use technical means – tools and machines. It tells us how to control the natural and human-made world. It is the study of the ways people use these technical means to transport, manufacture, construct, and communicate.This is not to say science and technology are unrelated. Science deals with “understanding” while technology deals with “doing”. Science helps us know how to do something efficiently.
Benefits of Science
(Using the S H E E E C S P P P technique)
Science has contributed a lot to society. It has helped us to improve our lives a lot in the sense that it has enabled the development of modern technology. Medical science has increased life expectancy is society.
Study of natural radioactive elements (like carbon-14) has enabled archaeological dating. We are now able to date historical artifacts accurately. The history of the world is also studied (Formation of earth, ancient civilizations…)
Economic Science is the study of people as a consumer. This branch of study has led to the development of many theories and laws (Laws of Demand & Supply, Law of variable proportions…). This has enabled us to trade more efficiently and to become more productive
Science has brought to the attention of mankind that our actions are damaging the world. It has provided facts and figures to supports its sayings (hole in ozone layer risk of untraviolet exposure). Scientific researches had enabled development of better quality and more resistant crops. As said by Aristotle, science is important to religion and vice-versa. Indeed, science has been able to throw light on many religious beliefs thus guiding man, in quest of a spiritual idol, in the right direction.
BENEFITS OF SCIENCE
Science brings an altogether different conception of life. It is responsible for producing the citizens of tomorrow (lawyers, economists, doctors…). Science has also educated the older masses. It has sensitized public opinion and warned them about what s bad for them.
It has lead to the study of ancient cultures (Egyptian, Indians, Arabs…) through excavations of buried cities or through dead languages (like the hieroglyphs). Science has promoted some cultural practices (e.g. washing of hands, face, feet,… at leats thrice a day) and forbidden others (eating spicy food) to the benefit of man. Warfare has helped to win many great battles. It has led to the developments of weapons which are used by our soldiers to protect us. Political science has enabled leaders to better understand the people.
Science has been continuously studing the psychology of Man. It has always wanted to help Man to feel more secured. New drugs (medical science) are developed to help diminish stress or even to enhance mental capacity
Dangers represented by Science
(Using the S H E E E S P P P technique)
To many, science is a danger to the society. Those people against scientific progress say that the world was better before the development of science. Scientists are concerned with new discoveries and they are often careless like attempting to do so; exposing society to an omnipresent danger (Case of Bacteria revived after 250 million years by scientists)
Science may well represent a danger to history. In their desire to study more and more about the past, scientists often damage precious historical documents or artifacts. They may also wrongly date religious artifacts, proving a religion wromg, with nasty consequences (Case of Linceul de Thurin)
Many often scientists are atheists (they do not believe in god) and they look for a rational explanation to everything. This has always led to clashes between science and religion. Many have even died. Today, with practices like abortion, contraception, and euthanasia, science is once more at Researches have enabled more efficient fertilizers and pesticides to be produced. However, these scientific advances are detrimental to the environment. Many animals are also used for scientific experiments (vivisection) and this inhumane practice may well endanger some species. (Case of illegal exportation of monkeys from Mauritius)
DANGERS REPRESENTED BY SCIENCE
Medical treatments which can do more harm than good. As many as 140,000 people may be the victims of bad medicine annually. More than one source makes this incredible statement.
Science may be responsible for a world with new/altered germs which produce much more serious diseases and possibly uncontrollable plagues, or chronic health problems. Widespread problems in breathing are already being seen in relatively clean countries like Australia.
Science may also have to account for world with faster growing but less nutritious or even dangerous food. The world ecology could be inadvertently severely damaged, which could further lead to tragic and widespread losses in nature, including needed food plants and other plants being lost which are potential sources of life saving medicines.
Science has since long been developing weapons so as to protect people. However, more and more people are dying because of these weapons. (Hiroshima and Nagasaki Nuclear Bombings). The world is becoming a more and more dangerous place to live and science has contributed a lot to that.