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Schools of Thought Worksheet Essay

General Terms

Ecology
A science that deals with the relationships between groups of living things and their environments (“Merriam-Webster”, 2014). Environmental justice
A recognition that access to a clean, healthy environment is a fundamental right of all human beings (McGraw-Hill, 2003).

Environmental science
The systematic, scientific study of our environment as well as our role in it (McGraw-Hill, 2003).

Ethics
An area of study that deals with ideas about what is good and bad behavior: a branch of philosophy dealing with what is morally right or wrong (“Merriam-Webster”, 2014). Genetically Modified Organism (GMO)

An organism whose genome has been altered in order to favor the expression of desired physiological traits or the output of desired biological products (Merriam-Webster, 2014).

Renewable energy
Any energy resource that is naturally regenerated over a short time scale and derived directly from the sun (such as thermal, photochemical, and photoelectric), indirectly from the sun (such as wind, hydropower, and photosynthetic energy stored in biomass), or from other natural movements and mechanisms of the environment (such as geothermal and tidal energy). Renewable energy does not include energy resources derived from fossil fuels, waste products from fossil sources, or waste products from inorganic sources (Texas Renewable Energy, 2014).

Sustainability
the quality of not being harmful to the environment or depleting natural resources, and thereby supporting long-term ecological balance (“Dictionary.com”, 2014). Schools of Thought

Anthropocentrism
The belief that humans hold a special place in nature; being centered primarily on humans and human affairs (McGraw-Hill, 2003).

Biocentrism
The belief that all creatures have rights and values; being centered on nature rather than humans (McGraw-Hill, 2003).

Ecocentrism
Philosophy or perspective that places intrinsic value on all living organisms and their natural environment, regardless of their perceived usefulness or importance to human beings (Dictionary.com, 2014).

Ecophilosophy
The study of the interrelationship between an organism’s physical functioning and its environment (The Free Dictionary, 2014).

Hedonism
The belief that pleasure or happiness is the most important goal in life (Merriam-Webster, 2014).

Inherent value
Existing in someone or something as a permanent and inseparable element, quality, or attribute (Dictionary.com, 2014).

Materialism
A way of thinking that gives too much importance to material possessions rather than to spiritual or intellectual things (Merriam-Webster, 2014).

Metaphysical ecology
Is the study of the human organism and the relationship between this human state of being with the internal and external environments (“Metaphysical Ecology”,).

Minimalism
A style or technique (as in music, literature, or design) that is characterized by extreme spareness and simplicity (Merriam-Webster, 2014).

Ethical extensionism
Is an argument in environmental ethics that moral standing ought to be extended to things (animals, plants, species, the earth) that traditionally are not thought of as having moral standing (“Ethical Extensionism”, 2012).

Pluralism
The belief that people of different social classes, religions, races, etc., should live together in a society (Merriam-Webster, 2014).

Naturalism
A style of art or literature that shows people and things as they actually are (Merriam-Webster, 2014).

Pragmatism
A reasonable and logical way of doing things or of thinking about problems that is based on dealing with specific situations instead of on ideas and theories (Merriam-Webster, 2014).

Relativism
The belief that different things are true, right, etc., for different people or at different times (Merriam-Webster, 2014).

Utilitarianism
An ethical philosophy in which the happiness of the greatest number of people in the society is considered the greatest good (BusinessDictionary.com, 2014).

Select two environmental schools of thought and a local environmental issue from the completed chart.

Write a 350- to 700-word response that

explains how this local environment issue is affecting your community.

explains how your chosen two schools of thought view this local environmental issue.

addresses any ethical concerns or controversies surrounding this environmental issue.

explains how ethics influence the human course of action regarding principal environmental issues.

Your response:
One growing environmental issue my local community faces is unsustainability. People are leading a less sustainable lifestyle to live comfortably. Problem is that the natural resources such as water are being depleted quickly. These people are Anthropocentrism and Materialistic in how they way the live and act. Peoples whose thoughts lean toward Anthropocentrism believe they need to use up all available equity of land causing destruction of surrounding ecosystems in our area. The cause ecological destruction through overpopulation causing the extinction of many important species. Humans are more involved in their personal assets then in the environment itself. Materialism is their drive to take over. They do not concern themselves with environmental issues our communities and others are facing. Natural resources are being depleted at an alarming rate. If this continues there will be none left for future generations to come.

It is important that people see the damages they are causing, and make the changes to lead a green lifestyle. Minimalism is a thought all people should possess. This technique will allow for more sustainable living. Biocentrism is important because all living things have value in the environment. People in my community need to focus on the importance of our resources water is scarce in the desert, and it is important we preserve what is available to ensure it lasts for decades to come. Pollution is another major environmental issue community’s face today. People feel that throwing a piece of paper on the ground would cause no harm they are wrong. Millions of people a year pollute the air, our waterways, and land ecosystems causing harm to many living species as well as damage to the environment. It takes only a second to discard trash in its proper receptacles.

The beliefs people possess vary from person to person a good educational program, laws, and regulations are a great place to start in resolving many environmental issues communities are facing. Teaching our children the importance of ecosystems, and the species living within the environment helps them to grow with a greater understanding of the value of all species on earth. We need to grow as a community and make changes for the better.

References:

Merriam-Webster. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/ecology McGraw-Hill. (2003). Online Learning Center. Retrieved from http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0070294267/ Merriam-Webster. (2014). Encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/concise/genetically%20modified%20organism%20(gmo) Texas Renewable Energy. (2014). Definition of Renewable Energy. Retrieved from http://www.treia.org/renewable-energy-defined Dictionary.com. (2014). Retrieved from http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/sustainability Dictionary.com. (2014). Ecocentrism. Retrieved from http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/ecocentric The Free Dictionary. (2014). ecophysiology. Retrieved from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/ecophysiology Merriam-Webster. (2014). Hedonism. Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hedonism Dictionary.com. (2014). Iherent Value. Retrieved from http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/inherent Merriam-Webster. (2014). Materialism. Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/materialism MetaPhysical Ecology. (). Retrieved from http://www.geocities.ws/reiki_master_au/metaphysic.htm Merriam-Webster. (2014). Minimalism. Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/minimalism Ethical


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