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Schizophrenia Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Perinatal Factors and Schizophrenia

In considering the various statistical tests, the studies have based their analysis on the total population and basically by looking at the factors that encourage the occurrence of Schizophrenia among the offspring following from the effect of these factors on the parents. That is, the factors that are likely to affect the genetic composition that is inherited by the offspring in causing schizophrenia. Various statistical tests were used that include logistic regression, Poisson regression and Mantel-Haenszel test. Systematic review was also used in the case where raw data was not used, and was done by the reviewing of the previous studies. The value of the calculated statistics The factors that were considered in the various studies are statistically significant in…

Issues Surrounding Reliability and Validity Surrounding the Classification of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a psychological disorder which is sometimes referred to as split minds. Sufferers can be known to show symptoms of delusions, hallucinations as well as catatonic behaviour. If we are looking at the validity of something it means we are measuring what we are claiming to measure, and if we are looking at the reliability of something it means if we repeat the process over and over we should always get the same if not very similar results. Schizophrenia is classified and diagnosed using two manuals, the DSM (diagnostic statistical manual) and the ICD (international classification of disorders). The DSM is used by America whilst the ICD is used in Europe. Instantly we see a lack in validity and…

Psychological Disorders and Therapy

I. Introduction Schizophrenia is not only the most dreaded psychological disorder but also one of the most heavily researched. Some important new discoveries link schizophrenia with biological factors, such as brain abnormalities and genetic predispositions. Schizophrenia is one of the most heavily researched psychological disorders. Several factors have been proposed as causes of schizophrenia, from biochemical imbalances in the brain to faulty family relationships and socioeconomic environment. Although a great deal of interesting research has been carried out, to date no single factor has been isolated as the cause of schizophrenia. II. The Understanding and Search for Causes Schizophrenia a) Brain, Structure, Function and Abnormalities Recent advances in the measurement of brain structure and function have set the stage for…

Psychological Interventions for Schizophrenia

This article surveys three types of psychological interventions (i.e. individual psychotherapies, group psychotherapies, and psychosocial skills training) for people with schizophrenia regarding their degree of effectiveness. Assuming patients are receiving adequate therapy, this article poses the following questions: 1. Do any of these interventions reduce relapse or psychopathology in persons with schizophrenia? 2. Do any of these interventions improve social or vocational functioning in persons with schizophrenia? 3. For psychosocial skills training, is there evidence that: · this intervention results in skill acquisition by persons with schizophrenia? · the effects persist over time? · the effects generalize from the training setting into “real life”? As part of their cases studies, the authors used their own patients. But they used more…

Outline and Evaluate One or More Biological Explanations of Schizophrenia

Outline and evaluate one or more biological explanations of schizophrenia. In your evaluation you should refer to research evidence. 24 marks According to the genetic hypothesis, the more closely related the family member to the schizophrenic the greater their chance of developing the disorder. Evidence from twin, family and adoption studies has tended to indicate schizophrenia to have a genetic component although a major problem is separating out environmental influences. Recently gene mapping studies have been performed that compare genetic material from families with a high and low incidence of the disorder with results indicating several genes rather than a single one to be at work to produce increased vulnerability to developing schizophrenia. Support for the genetic argument was provided…

The Greatness of Schizophrenia

Throughout history there been some characters with a doubtful way of thinking. But chances are they were schizophrenic and they were to leave a mark in history for us to remember them today. So does that mean schizophrenia is linked or tied with fame and leaving your mark in the world and what is schizophrenia, how do one develops it, what are some of the side effects and how can it affect those who have it? Schizophrenia is a disease that affects the whole personality of person. It affects how a person think, feels and behaves (Slowik, 2011). Today in the US about 1% of the population has schizophrenia (NIMH, 2009). There is a good probability that as our society…

Bipolar Disorder

Nearly 2 million people suffer or are diagnosed with bipolar disorder; many of these people go untreated or suffer in silence due to fear of the unknown of what the disorder brings. Bipolar disorder is a disease that comes with a negative stigma; this has to do with the earlier link to schizophrenia. Many psychologists had linked the ‘manic-depressive’ disorder with schizophrenia, this according to the article from Burton (2012). In his article, he explains how from the early 1800 the “mania” disorder evolved to ‘manic-depressive’ disorder to what it is now called bipolar disorder. This disorder is not only a stigma but it is reality for many, it is due to a chemical imbalance or genetic link that evolves…

Risk of Schizophrenia

Over the last few decades Schizophrenia has become embedded in mainstream vernacular as any behavior or emotional response that is out of touch with reality. However even with its popularity heightened through movies and headline news stories, schizophrenia is still one of the most enigmatic and least understood disorders of the brain. With current research focused on the role of neurobiology and functioning on a cellular level, investigative analysis has merited new innovations towards its source, however a single organic cause for the disorder still eludes scientists. Although the foundation of the affliction is still unknown, its effects are well documented and over the next few pages will show the changes in the brain as the disease develops, and how…

OCD in the Aviator

Aviator is a movie about Howard Hughes. In this movie, Leonardo DiCaprio portrays Howard Hughes. The movie centers on his life from the 1920’s to the late 1940’s. The movie focuses on what he did for aviation and movie producing. In the beginning of the movie, he gets an interest in aviation and film producing. The first movie that Hughes produces is Hells Angels, which took several years to complete and during the shooting he decided to add sound to the film. As the movie goes on, becomes involved with actress Katherine Hepburn (played by Kate Blanchett) and they live together and she helps with his OCD symptoms. As the movie goes on, he continues with his aviation passion. He…

Summarise and Discuss Presentations of Mental health

Most people have manifestations of fear and sadness relating to human distress and report to seek counselling or drug treatment for common emotional difficulties such as phobias, loss of a job, bereavement and terminal illnesses. Medically these emotions are classed as ‘anxiety or depression’ and defined as ‘mental health problems’ (Barker e t al, 2010).This essay will address the causation and increase in the diagnosis of anxiety and depression and how counselling and psychotherapy is effective in its historical context. Most importantly the essay will look at the medical treatment and the role of medicine in the biopsychosocial perspective to address mental health issues. Taking into account research figures in relation to the newspaper articles by David Batty (The Guardian,…

What will a therapist need to consider when planning the treatment of a depressed client?

For this assignment, I am going to look at the main points regarding Mr. P’s case using given information whilst also giving a brief about depression of the reactive types followed by recognised treatments, developing a plan of treatment with set goals at each stage, respecting his Individuality, Dignity, ensuring Confidentiality, using a Non-Judgemental and Fair approach. INTRODUCTION Reading through the information provided in Mr P’s case, I do feel that there are different ways to tackle the presenting problems in his life as a widower following his wife’s unexpected death from a heart attack soon after returning from a holiday 21 months after his retirement. Both were excited about plans to travel the world together in his retirement, but…