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Safeguarding policy Essay

I am committed to the highest standards in protecting and safeguarding the children entrusted in my care. My first responsibility is towards the children in my care. If I have any concerns, I will report them following the Birmingham child protection procedure. The Children Act 1989 and the EYFS state that the registered person must comply with local child protection procedures.

I will support all children by:

Providing a caring, safe and positive environment.
Encourage self-esteem and self-assertiveness.
Reporting any concerns.
I recognise that some children may be the victims of neglect, physical, sexual or emotional abuse. I am well trained to identify such abuse and will record and report any concerns.

Procedure
As a childminder I will:
Attend regular training and keep up-to-date with current legislation. Be insured with PACEY.

Access Birmingham Safeguarding website to keep up-to-date with signs of abuse. Have a copy of the Birmingham Safeguarding procedures to follow. If concerned about the safety and welfare of a child, will contact Birmingham Safeguarding number to seek advice etc. Any records that detail any child protection issues are kept confidential, unless asked to be seen. Communicate with the parents and be clear they will notify me with any worries or concerns they may have about their child. Make it clear that it is important they tell me about any accidents, injuries or change in circumstances that may affect the child.

I will ensure mobile phones and cameras are not used in my home when children are present, and ask all parents in my home to respect the policy. My personal phone will be used to document children’s learning. My phone is password protected and only accessible by me. Through ongoing discussions with parents I will work with them, so that if I see significant changes in behaviour, any marks or bruises, or any comments made that cause concern, I will contact the Local Safeguarding board and Social Services to minimise any risk of harm to the child. I will keep a factual record of concern and share it with the parents (Unless it puts the child at further risk) and notify OFSTED within 14 days of the incident. Children will only be released from my care to the parent/carer, or to someone named and authorised by them.

A password or photograph might be used to confirm the identity of the person collecting the child. If a child discloses to me that they are being abused, I will listen to them and show that I take what they have said seriously. I will encourage them to talk, but will not prompt them or ask leading questions. I will then explain what I must do so that the child understands and make a record of what was said using exact words of the child, date, time, place and people present. I will call the local social services duty desk for advice. I will then follow this up with a referral form and record all action taken.

If an allegation is made against me or a member of my family I will report it to OFSTED and social services, following the Local Safeguarding Children Board procedures. I will record: – the child’s full name and address. – the date and time of the record. – Factual details of the concern, for example bruising, what the child said, who was present. – Details of any previous concerns. -Details of any explanations from the parents. – Any action taken, such as speaking to the parents. It is not my responsibility to attempt to investigate the situation myself. 1.

Behaviour policy

All children are treated equally and provided a safe and positive environment. In order to achieve this, I have the following expectations regarding the behaviour of both children and adults.: All good behaviour will be recognised and praised.

I will not use corporal punishment, or humiliate any child in my care. I aim to be consistent.
I will deal with unacceptable behaviour in a positive way.
I will respond to unwanted behaviour appropriately, according to the child’s age and level of understanding. I will always explain to children why his or her behaviour is unacceptable. Distracting and re-directing children’s attention towards other activities will be used as a way of discouraging unwanted behaviour. I will always set a good example and be a good role model.

Behaviour methods will always be discussed with parents, so that we can agree on methods. I will always try, wherever possible, to meet the parents request. I will work with the children to develop the house rules. Parents need to inform me of anything that may be happening at home which may affect behaviour e.g. Separation, new baby, bereavement etc. Through training I am aware that children can struggle with their feelings in-line with their age/stage of development, and will work with families to support them. The only time I will physically intervene, is to prevent an accident. This will then be recorded in my incident book.

Procedure

I will keep up-to-date with relevant legislation and behaviour management by reading publications such as Practical Pre-school and relevant websites. I will share this policy with parents, and work with parents to share information. I will plan times to talk to parents privately to review child’s behaviour and discuss any changes that may affect child’s behaviour e.g. new baby, separation, death etc. and any issues and get a consistent approach.

Equal opportunities policy

The Equality Act 2010 legally protects people from discrimination. There are 9 protected characteristics: Age, Disability, Gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion and belief, sex and sexual orientation. I promote anti-discriminatory childcare and I am opposed to all forms of discrimination. Equal opportunities is about accepting each child and their family members as individuals. Making sure that I give them every possible chance to develop their full potential in an atmosphere of mutual respect. Each child in my care will be given the same care and consideration, regardless of ethnic origin, colour, language, religious belief, gender or ability.

Procedure

I will encourage children to develop a sense of their own identity and culture. All children will be allowed to play with toys suitable for both sexes, e.g. dolls, prams, cars, construction etc. I will also access toys, books and puzzles that depict people from different cultures and abilities, and show an array of positive images. I try to teach children to be kind and considerate to everyone and discourage behaviour that may be considered as prejudice or discriminatory. I will also help children to learn about cultures different from their own and to develop positive attitudes towards people who may seem different from themselves.

Accident illness and emergency policy

I will always keep children safe in my care, promote good health and prevent the spread of infection and illness in the setting and whilst out and about. My premises have been checked by OFSTED and meet the requirements of the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS). It is also important that I regularly practice fire evacuation procedures with the children in my care so that they are aware of what to do in such an event. I will make a record of dates and times of fire drills.

Accidents

I am legally required to have a valid first-aid certificate before registration, so I can therefore administer basic first aid. My first-aid box is easily accessible and stored in the medicine cupboard in the kitchen. Parent contact numbers are kept securely with the first-aid box. I hold written permission from parents to administer emergency treatment if needed.

Procedure

If an accident occurs to childminded children or my own children: Firstly I will reassure the child and make sure any other children in my care are safe. Making sure other children are where I can see them, and younger children strapped into their pushchair. I will deal with the accident if it is a minor one and call the parents immediately, otherwise I will call 999 for assistance. If the child has to go to hospital I will take the other children with me, whilst I call the injured child’s parents to meet us at the hospital. If I am injured or my own children are injured I will get the nearest responsible adult to help.

Accidents on trips out.

Parents details will be carried with me on all trips out, should I need to contact them. If a parent has an accident I expect to be notified if possible, and children shall be kept safe until parent can contact me or arrange for the child to be collected.

Recording

All accidents will be recorded in my book and the parent will need to sign it, and be given a copy. If it is a significant accident the I will tell OFSTED, the local child protection agency, the Health and Safety Executive and my insurance company as soon as I can.

Sickness

If a child becomes sick in my care with a believed infectious illness, such as stomach bug or flu, I will: Contact the parents to arrange collection.

Ensure the child is kept at home until they have been well for 48 hours, or in accordance with Health Authority guidelines. If a child is believed to have a notifiable illness, identified as such in the public health (infectious Diseases) Regulations 1988, I will act on advice given by the Health Protection Agency (www.hpa.org.uk) and inform OFSTED. All parents will be notified. Parents are made aware of my sickness policy, and they are also aware that I expect to be paid for the child’s place even if they are excluded because of illness. If I become ill and cannot care for the children, I do not charge parents for the time the service is unavailable.

Task 9

Describe typical behaviours exhibited by children linked to their stage of development and key events in their life:

Babies
Babies cannot communicate to tell you what they need, so they use crying, babbling and smiling as a means of communication.

They may cry when:

They are hungry or tired.
They need their nappy changed.
They are feeling lonely and need a cuddle.
They are frustrated.
They are ill.
People may not think that key events in their lives could affect them, like moving home, divorce, death, but even small babies can pick-up on how the mother is feeling and be affected by it. Young children up to 3 years

These are the years that they learn to talk and communicate more effectively. They can struggle with feelings, emotions and communication and become frustrated, leading to behaviours like: Biting.

Tantrums.
Sulking.
Shouting.
Throwing toys.
Many factors can lead to these kind of behaviours, such as being tired or hungry, being in a new environment, being ill, or finding it difficult to interact and share with other children. Key events can have a greater impact on them at this age. They can become greatly affected by moving home, or deaths in the family, which can then affect their behaviour, so it is important that the childminder is aware of these events.

4-8 year old

This older age group are effective communicators, yet if there are problems at home or school they can still have problems expressing themselves fully, which may result in bad tempers, violent behaviour, rude behaviour or swearing.

Strategies

Attend to babies needs straight away.
Distraction from unwanted behaviour.
Praise good behaviour.
Use books written on the subject that may be affecting them. Try and engage older children in conversation, asking if anything is troubling them. Explain that any violent, rude behaviour is unacceptable.

Ground rules

Ground rules need to be implemented from the start and must be consistent. I will actively promote positive behaviour and children will be introduced to these rules as soon as possible. We will go through the rules so that everyone understands them. I have written a behaviour policy which outlines my rules and will be shared with parents and children.


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