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Safeguarding Children and Young People Essay

1. Complete the following table. (Ref. 2.1, 2.2)

Common childhood illnesses Signs and symptoms

Ear infections, the child may pull or rub their ear, and may have a temperature. If the child is well but just has an earache, they can take paracetamol or ibuprofen for 12-24 hours . you should never put any oils or object into the ear as it could cause further damage. If the earache worsens in 48 hours you should contact your GP. Ear infections, the child may pull or rub their ear, and may have a temperature. If the child is well but just has an earache, they can take paracetamol or ibuprofen for 12-24 hours . you should never put any oils or object into the ear as it could cause further damage. If the earache worsens in 48 hours you should contact your GP. 1

Colds are another common illness, they will have a temperature, and they may have a runny or blocked nose, they may also sneeze more often. Drinking plenty of fluids to replace any fluid that may have been lost due a runny nose and sweating. Eating healthy however many children can lose their appetites and is important that they only eat when they are hungry. Colds are another common illness, they will have a temperature, and they may have a runny or blocked nose, they may also sneeze more often. Drinking plenty of fluids to replace any fluid that may have been lost due a runny nose and sweating. Eating healthy however many children can lose their appetites and is important that they only eat when they are hungry. 2

Chickenpox is a very common illness; the child will start off with a few red spots over the tummy and will spread throughout the body. They will be quite itchy but should not be scratched as they can scar. They may experience a temperature. It may be safe to cut their fingernails short to avoid them scratching. Also you can encourage them to drink as many fluids as possible, maybe some paracetamol as well. Chickenpox is a very common illness; the child will start off with a few red spots over the tummy and will spread throughout the body. They will be quite itchy but should not be scratched as they can scar. They may experience a temperature. It may be safe to cut their fingernails short to avoid them scratching. Also you can encourage them to drink as many fluids as possible, maybe some paracetamol as well.

3

Whooping cough, which is a bacterial infection, the child will have a fever, nasal discharge, and long fits of coughing, and may be short of breath, and can be followed by vomiting. Antibiotics and fresh is very important, as the child may vomit, you should feed the child small meals but more often than giving the child bigger meals but fewer times. This illness is highly contagious so should be kept out of school and nursery till fully recovered and away from any children. Whooping cough, which is a bacterial infection, the child will have a fever, nasal discharge, and long fits of coughing, and may be short of breath, and can be followed by vomiting. Antibiotics and fresh is very important, as the child may vomit, you should feed the child small meals but more often than giving the child bigger meals but fewer times. This illness is highly contagious so should be kept out of school and nursery till fully recovered and away from any children.

4

Hand, foot and mouth disease, the child will develop large amounts of small spots or blisters, mainly on the hands, feet and in their mouth and the disease can cause a temperature of up to 39°C. Make sure the child gets plenty of rest and encourage them to drink lots of fluids like milk or water, and try to avoid acidic drinks like coke or orange juice. Mashing up their food is recommended so it’s easier for them to chew, soft foods like mash potatoes or soup is ideal.

Hand, foot and mouth disease, the child will develop large amounts of small spots or blisters, mainly on the hands, feet and in their mouth and the disease can cause a temperature of up to 39°C. Make sure the child gets plenty of rest and encourage them to drink lots of fluids like milk or water, and try to avoid acidic drinks like coke or orange juice. Mashing up their food is recommended so it’s easier for them to chew, soft foods like mash potatoes or soup is ideal.


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