Over the past 30 years nursing has evolved from a task-oriented to a logical and systematic approach to care, using theories and models to guide practice (Pearson et al, 1996). Being a nurse is not as easier as simply providing nursing care according to individuals’ disease during hospitalization. Neuman (1980) describes the person as a whole system and recognizes that there are common features in any species and a core of such features in people.Also, nursing model is not restricted to nursing but can be shared by anyone of health professional. (Neuman, 1995) .Therefore, nursing models have been variously referred to as philosophies, conceptual frameworks, paradigms, theories and metatheories (Fawcett, 1995) that can give some guide to nurses working in a particular area.
One of the widely used nursing model is Roper-Logan-Tierney model of nursing which raised out by Nancy Roper and two of her colleagues (2001) emphasizes the importance of the patient’s ability to perform activities of daily living. It vies individuals as being engaged in various activities of living throughout their lifespan where will fluctuate between total independence and total dependence to age, circumstance, and health status. It is referred as a human need model. In cardiac ward, Roper-Logan-Tierney model is one of the theory that is utilized in the health care setting. Nurses apply this model because from here they can assess the activities of daily living of patient so that to provide a comprehensive picture of an heart disease patient’s lifestyle especially with the way patient manage their diet restrictions, medications regimen, and choice of treatment or potential problems which may require the focus of nursing care.
This assignment may identify and how the theory can be applied in nursing career by some examples. And emphasize the strengths, limitations of Roper-Logan-Tierney Theory and state its value and relevance to the current nursing practice.
Roper-Logan-Tierney Model of Nursing
The Roper-Logan-Tierney model first developed in 1980, this is currently used today only as a checklist on admission rather than an approach to assessment and ongoing care of an individual. It is often used as a way of for nursing was base, from the outset, on the model of living.
Nursing Practice with Roper-Logan-Tierney model
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a leading acute health problem throughout the world. Upon admission, patients are being assessed using the institution’s assessment tool. There’s a portion on that tool that assesses patient’s level of independence in performing different activities of living like, eating, communicating, mobilizing, eliminating, hygiene and etc. This will serve as a baseline, preoperatively, to determine the extent of impact of heart attack on the patient’s independence, postoperatively, considering the factors mentioned by the said theory and consequently the basis for providing nursing care. This determines the activities of living patients need most assistance.
Roper Logan Tierney’s Theory is one of the theory that is utilized in the health care setting. We apply this model because from here we can assess the activities of daily living of patient so that to provide a comprehensive picture of an heart disease patient’s lifestyle especially with the way they manage their diet restrictions, medications regimen, and choice of treatment or potential problems which may require the focus of nursing care.
The Leininger’s cultural care diversity and universality theory provides a broad, holistic and comprehensive view of human beings, both individually and as a group. It is a helpful guide for studying cultures, implementing client care in a number of settings and performing qualitative research to discover care and health in diverse cultures. Also with the application of culturally congruent care, nursing care can best fit with a client’s culture. Then culture stress is decreased and conflicts between client and nurse can be avoided.
FawcettJ (1995) Analysis and Evaluation of Conceptual models of Nursing. Philadelphia, PA: fA davis Co.
Roper, N., Logan, W., Tierney, A. (2001). The Roper Logan Tierney Model of Nursing: Based on Activities of Living. Churchill Livingstone Publications.
Nursing Models for Practice(2005). Escrito por ,Alan Pearson, Barbara Vaughan (SRN.),Barbara Vaughan, Mary FitzGerald. ?Elsevier Health Sciences. 2005
Using the Roper,Logan and Tierney model in a neonatal ICU O’Connor,M.RN, RM(2002 ,1 May)
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