The regional government takes place in Wales – Cardiff, Scotland- Edinburgh, England – Westminster and Northern Ireland – Stormont. Each and every one of these have their own assembly, parliament and have their very own elected MP’s, for example, MPs, Scotland. The regional government run important services for each geographical area health, education, housing and environment. In addition, they can make laws and raise taxes, for example, smoking. Local Government
The local government takes place in the local areas. For example, the county would be Devon, the borough or district would be Mid Devon, the Town would be Tiverton and then the Parish council would be Uffculme. The local government look after the facilities, roads, planning, housing, refuse, education and police. The councils receive funding from government and council tax and the councillors are voted for in elections except in towns or the parish. In addition, council tax raises 20 billion a year. They also check on how local council perform the audit commission and make regular checks. The Mayor has a range of specific powers and duties, and a general power to do anything that will promote economic and social development, also, environmental improvement. Before using many of his/her powers, they Mayor must consult with the council, and in all cases, the Mayor must promote equality of opportunity. Central Government
The central government prepare and coordinate national policy and strategies on the environmental issues. This includes ensuring the implementation of the EU legislation in National Regulations. The Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment works closely with other ministries, provincial and municipal authorities, also including the research organisations and general public. The EU
The European Union have many members of which the UK is a part of and 27 members are the states. The European Union is a government department above our national government. The EU is mainly concerned with economic issues but now deals with many others such as environment, transport, home affairs, foreign affairs and immigration. There are 4 main institutions, these include, parliament, council of ministers, European court council of Justice and the European Commission. Different Branches of Government
Executive – This is the administrative part of the government. It is essentially government ministers, civil servants police and armed forces. It is day to day work. Legislate – Lawmakers parliament as a whole both House of Commons and House of Lords. Judiciary – Enforcers of the laws passed, judges, magistrates, tribunals etc.
Ideally there is meant to be a separation of these powers to ensure a true democracy. In the UK there isn’t much separation between executive and legislate but a lot between these two and judiciary. Monarch
She has a role in all three. Executive, she appoints all government minsters. She is also head of the armed forces; in the times of the war she can requisition ships, property and sanction invasions. Legislate, she is the head of parliament she can dissolve parliament and she gives royal assent to tall laws. Judiciary, queen appoints all senior judges and all prosecutions are brought in her name. Metropolitan District and Unitary Authorities
The unitary authorities are like Plymouth, where they have no town council or district, it is just a unitary. Unitary is a name given to a singular place. A metropolitan district is a place like London which is a much larger place. House of Commons
The UK public elects 650 members of parliament to represent their interests and concerns in the House of Commons. MPs consider and propose new laws, and can scrutinise government policies by asking ministers questions about current issues either in the Commons Chamber or in Committees. House of Lords
Currently, there are about 760 members who are eligible to take part in the work of the House of Lords. The majority are life peers.