INTRODUCTION: The economy of India is mainly based on agricultural processes and products with the development of industries at different levels. The economic situation is varied from place to place. However, level of unemployment with high inflation has bearing on economic conditions. The labor market and its requirement is also changing very fast due to change in industrial growth in different sectors of areas at all levels. Government is making restructuring of education. Quality consciousness has a special prominence in recent years, in education sector and particularly in technical education.
Technical education contributes substantially to the Socio Economic development of the country as a whole. The development sustenance of the industrial sector is entirely dependent upon the availability of trained manpower to perform the multidimensional activities needed to keep the wheel of industry running. Thus the Technical Education Department aims towards making available these trained technically qualified hands to serve the industry & society. Equality of educational opportunities and preparing highly skilled work force for enterprises widely with excellence is also objective of Technical Education.
Technical Education system is thus has to be flexible enough to adopt to rapid change. Thus precise aim of the system is to develop and transfer of technology to user systems. ROLE OF THE MINISTRY OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION Role of the Ministry is to provide financial administrative support for maintaining high standards in technical education, alongwith co-ordinating at National & international level for continuous development in technical education and making policies for the state level technical education in accordance with the National Educational Policies & Other Economic Policies.
Program of action in view of new policies has been prepared to achieve good quality education. ROLE OF DIRECTORATE OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION The role of the Directorate is to maintain enhance the standard quality of technical education by laying the policies, establishing developing Govt. Institutions, guiding supervising the aided private institutions, interacting with industry and national level institutions co-ordinating with other departments of State Government, Government of India Statutory Organisations and to contribute to the development of industry society at large.
The Directorate have its six regional offices at Mumbai, Pune, Nashik, Aurangabad, Amravati and Nagpur. These offices are headed by Joint Director of the region. ROLE OF MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION ( http://www. msbte. com/ ) It is primarily intended to conduct state level examinations of diploma courses award Diplomas. It has to see continuously improving the quality of technical education and maintaining of its standard. It also redesign the course curriculum regularly with respect to the rapid technological changes in the industries.
Board of Technical Examination has its regional offices at Pune, Aurangabad and Nagpur. Looking Back …. 1845Establishing School of Engineering at Pune district with a Certificate Course 1887Victoria Jubilee Technical Institute started at Bombay. 1912College of Engineering Pune was started with Civil Engineering Course 1948-1960Combined State of Maharashtra Gujarat were having Two Engineering College 3 Polytechnics 1960Formation of State of Maharashtra 1960-197816 Engineering Colleges 50 diploma level polytechnics established 1983Govt.
of Maharashtra granted permission to start Private Technical Institutions (Engineering Colleges, Polytechnics in Maharashtra) 2000In Maharashtra State there are 129 Engineering Colleges, 154 Polytechnics, 45 Pharmacy Colleges, 71 Pharmacy Diplomas and 157 Other Technical Institutes. 2005In Maharashtra State there are 154 Engineering Colleges( including 4 autonomous), 158 Polytechnics, 81 Degree Pharmacy Colleges, 106 Pharmacy Diplomas, 34 Degree Architecture Colleges, 9 Degree HM&CT Colleges and 157 Other Technical Institutes.
There are 103 MBA/MMS and 55 MCA institute offering Post Graduate Courses 2010In Maharashtra State there are 309 Engineering Colleges( including 6 autonomous), 387 Polytechnics, 147 Degree Pharmacy Colleges, 195 Pharmacy Diplomas, 34 Degree Architecture Colleges, 10 Degree HM&CT Colleges and 400 Other Technical Institutes. There are 366 MBA/MMS and 127 MCA institute offering Post Graduate Courses.
HISTORY OF MANAGEMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION Before 1948Director of Public Instructions Industries was the authority for the management of Technical Education in the State In 1948Directorate of Technical Education, Bombay was established for managing technical education i. e. Engineering Colleges, Polytechnics, Industrial Training Institutes, Technical High Schools etc. In 1983Separate Directorates were established for Technical Education and Vocational Education Training to facilitate the monitoring due to expansion in the activities of the related fields.
Directorate of Technical Education Responsible for Post Graduate, Graduate & Diploma level institutions in Engineering & Technology, Architecture, Pharmacy and Management in the State. Directorate of Vocational Education & Training Responsible for Industrial training institutes, technical high school and certificate course institutions in the state. FINANCIAL RESOURCES FOR TECHNICAL EDUCATION IN MAHARASHTRA STATE Budget Allocation From State Fund ( Including World Bank Project) : ( Rupees in Crores) Annual Plan Sanctioned Budgeted Expenditure 2002-2003 45.
44 15. 73 11. 88 2003-2004 16. 34 11. 51 9. 02 2004-2005 76. 06 36. 12 33. 54 2005-2006 114. 37 98. 63 98. 63 2006-2007 134. 68 119. 28 119. 08 2007-2008 11908. 00 10165. 75 8023. 40 2008-2009 14744. 00 14707. 55 13774. 16 2009-2010 32012. 00 11896. 78 5823. 75 Total 59050. 89 37051. 35 27893. 46 DIRECT CENTRAL ASSISTANCE SCHEME THROUGH AICTE NEW DELHI (Human Resource Development, Ministry of Education, Govt. of India) : This will be allotted to Engineering Colleges as per the projects submitted by the individual Colleges for upgradation of laboratories.
AICTE provides financial assistance under the schemes of Modernisation and Removal of Obsolescence (MODROBS), Thrust Area Programme in Technical Education (TAPTEC) and Research & Development (R & D) in the field of Engineering and Technology. To ensure effective implementation of these programmes, the Council has setup a Committee, namely the Board of Research (BOR), comprising of eminent Scientists, Engineers, Academicians, Industrialists and Technologists. Brief objective of these schemes are given below : Modernisation & Removal of Obsolescence (MODROBS).
The main objective of the programme of Modernisation & Removal of Obsolescence is to equip Institutions/Laboratories with modern equipment/infrastructural facilities so that they can achieve a good performance level. In view of rapid advancements in technology & to keep students abreast with them, some of the institutions are also provided with the modern equipment to replace the obsolete ones. Generally, the support provided for MODROBS proposals is limited to Rs. 15. 00 lakhs in each discipline. Thrust Area Programme in Technical Education (TAPTEC).
This scheme mainly ensures promotion of excellence and need based research in identified Thrust Areas for national development in the field of Engineering & Technology. The Thrust Areas are revised periodically and include frontier areas of research such as remote Sensing and Satellite Image Processing, Non-traditional Machining Processes, Bio-Technology, Genetic Engineering and Tissue Culture, Alternative sources of energy, Fuel Cells, Fly Ash Utilisation, NVH (Noise, Vibration & Harshness), Vehicular Emissions (Petrol & Diesel), Virtually Reality and Advanced Simulation, Optical Fibre Technology, Cryogenics, etc.
Under this scheme, support generally not exceeding Rs. 20. 00 lakhs, is given with the view that the outcome of the project shall lead to a bigger project to be submitted to other agencies such as DST, etc. Research & Development (R & D) This programme aims at promotion of general research capabilities in relevant areas of Engineering and Technology including multi-disciplinary fields taking into account the existing research capabilities of the host Institutions. This scheme is distinctly different from the TAPTEC scheme in the sense that it encourages faculty members by providing them support to strengthen their R & D activities.
The R&D field need not necessarily be a thrust area. Funding in this scheme is limited to Rs. 10. 00 lakhs. The Community Polytechnic scheme is also functioning for manpower development, Technology Transfer and technical services to community. WORLD BANK ASSISTANCE: i) Strengthening Technician Education – PHASE-II: The implementation of project was started from January 1992 and completed on 31st October 1999. The Department of Technical Education has received Rs 268 crores in the form of loan from World Bank. The project was eastalished in 51 Govt & Govt Aided Polytechnics in the State.
ii) TECH-ED-III Project is likely to start for upgrading some of the Polytechnics and Engineering Colleges as Centers of Excellence. This will be a loan. CANADA-INDIA INSTITUTIONAL CO-OPERATION PROJECT (CIICP) is started from 1st April, 1999. The main objective of the project is to increase the capability of the institutions by Human Resources Development. It will be a grant ADOPTION OF SOME COURSES / INSTITUTIONS BY THE INDUSTRY: Diploma in Rubber Technology is started from June, 1999 at Government Polytechnic, Mumbai in association with All India Rubber Industries Association.
PRESENT STATUS OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION IN MAHARASHTRA STATE. Highlights 1. Development of Technical Education The following table gives an idea about development of technical education since 1978; in terms of type of courses, No. of institute and the sanctioned intake. Sr. No. Type of CoursesYearNo. of InstitutesSanctioned Intake 1Post Graduate Degree Course in Engineering & Technology19789584 198811700 199514750 200015770 2005412789 2010886081 2Degree Course in Engineering & Technology1978162642 19887614275 19959422740 200012938939 200515446325 2010309114268 3Diploma in Engineering & Technology1978285145.
198812723436 199516030000 200017034295 200517468685 2010387132632 Apart from these the intake as of 2010 in other courses is as below. Sr. No. Types of the courses No. of Institutes Sanctioned Intake 1. Degree in Architecture 44 2107 2. Degree in Pharmacy 147 9170 3. Degree in Hotel management 10 530 4. Diploma in Architecture 01 60 5. Diploma in Pharmacy 195 11602 6. Diploma in HMCT 16 1000 7. Post HSC Diploma in Engineering & Technology 31 1550 Apart from running full-time degree and diploma courses, the directorate runs part-time degree and diploma courses and correspondence courses.
The details are as below Sr. No. Types of the courses No. of Institutes Sanctioned Intake 1. Part-time Degree in Engg. 02 480 2. Part time Diploma in Engg. 06 1020 3. Diploma in Engg. By correspondence 01 400 With the advancement in Technology and developments in new areas of Technology has made it necessary to start new course in the new and emerging areas to cater to the needs of the industry and society. “Non-Conventional Courses” at degree and diploma level courses in Industrial Electronics, Computer Technology, Chemical Engineering, Bio-medical Engg. , Construction Technology, Production Engg.
etc. are started. Progressive increase in No. of Technical Institutes / Colleges over last 40 years Sr. No Item 1960-61 1970-71 1980-81 1990-91 1995-96 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-2001 2005-2006 2010-2011 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1. Engineering, Technology, Pharmacy, Architecture, HMCT Colleges 7 10 14 83 94 206 226 229 273 510 2. Polytechnics (Engg. /Tech. ) 14 25 28 127 160 154 170 170 183 599 Progressive increase in No. of Student Seeking Technical Education in Institutes / Colleges over last 40 years Sr. No. Institutes Type Progressive increase in intake 1960-61 1970-71 1980-81 1990-91.
1995-96 1998-99 1999-2000 2001-2002 2005-2006 2010-2011 1 Engineering, Technology, Pharmacy, Architecture, HMCT, Colleges 952 1865 1950 17990 22740 29030 42946 45797 51405 126075 2. Polytechnics (Engg. /Tech) 1940 4140 5145 23436 30000 33000 34295 35440 43503 145294 2. DIRECTORATE OF INDUSTRY-INSTITUTE CO-ORDINATION (DllC) Directorate of Industry-institute Co-ordination was established in 1996 MHRD World Bank Project has been started to look after the quality improvement of the faculty, staff as well as the students and the efficiency enhancement of Technical Education system (TES) in total.
This is a separate Directorate to manage the externally funded projects for total quality management (TQM) of TES of Maharashtra. 3. STAFF DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM Staff Development cells are established at six lead centre polytechnics in Maharashtra state.
These cells have identified training need & training facilities and design need based training programmes for the teaching faculties and supporting staff. About 475 faculty members have been trained in various areas like educational technology, content updating, computer, MIS, entrepreneurship, educational management etc.with the help of TTTI Bhopal, IIT Bombay and National Institute of Industrial Engg. Bombay.
Sufficient number of teachers are being deputed for post graduates and post doctoral programmes, every year. Foreign fellowship programmes are also being arranged for senior administrators and teachers engaged in teaching high-tech courses. 4. INDUSTRY INSTITUTE INTERACTION With fast growing needs of the industries for man-power with specialisation in specific areas it became necessary to have proper interaction with the industry.
Therefore special 28 Industry Institute Interaction Cells have been established in Institutions. The main function of the cell is to promote interrelationship between industry & institution through training programmes, visiting faculty from industry, industrial visits & practical training etc. These cells are establishing liaison with industries around for the benefit of students, teachers & support staff. A Memorandum of Understanding (M. O. U. ) has been signed between confederation of Indian Industry and Directorate of Technical Education, Bombay for this purpose.
Advisory committees are formed in all technical institutes for participation from industries & business houses. 5. BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION Diploma Courses in Engineering and Technology were first run by the Institutions like Victoria Jubilee Technical Institution, Mumbai; College of Engineering Pune, Cusrow Wadia Institute of Technology, Pune etc. Initially, the examinations were conducted through the Board of Examiners (BOE) appointed by the committee of Technical and Institutional Training of the old Mumbai, province.
After independence with increased stress on industrial development, a separate Directorate of Technical Education was set up by the Government in 1948 to organise and co-ordinate technical education activities at all levels. The Diploma examinations in Engineering and Technology were conducted through the Directorate of Technical Education up to 1963. With increase in the number of institutions, courses and students admitted to various diploma courses, a need to have a separate body to conduct the examinations of these courses was felt and thus in August 1963, a separate Board of Technical Examinations for the state was established.
Now this Board, named as Maharashtra State Board of Technical Examination (MSBTE), has been given an autonomous status, since 1999- 2000. 6. WORLD BANK ASSISTED PROJECT With fast developments in technologies it was essential to revamp technicians education’s at Diploma level. World Bank offered to finance the scheme of strengthening of Technician Education. World Bank Assisted Project to strengthen Technician Education was started in January 1992. The project completed on 31st October 1999. The main components of the project are § Capacity Expansion.
§ Quality Improvement § Efficiency Improvement The Highlights of the project are Introduction of 39 New Diploma Courses in existing institutes. Starting of two women’s residential polytechnics. Introduction of Community Polytechnic Scheme in 17 Polytechnics. Development of well equipped Computer Centers in 32 Polytechnics. Introduction of 15 New Post-Diploma courses in existing institutes. Developments of six polytechnics as Lead centers, a new Concept. Academic autonomy to 15 Polytechnics. Establishment of Staff Developments and Curriculum Development Cells.
Establishment of Continuing Education Department in 12 Polytechnics. Modernization of Laboratories and Libraries. Strengthening of BTE and DTE. ? The total outlay of the project is Rs. 230 crores. ? Beneficiary Institutes: 51 7. BOOK BANK AND TRAINING & PLACEMENT SERVICES The Directorate implements some other schemes for the benefit of the students. These are Book Bank for backward class students / Training and Placement Cell in the institutions to facilitate the industry institute interaction and also help students in getting good jobs through campus interviews.
The student counseling and guidance is extended to the student through these cells. 8. WOMEN IN TECHNICAL EDUCATION One new Co-ed polytechnic under the name Institute of Petrochemical Engineering started at Lonare, (Dist Raigad). It caters to 3 diploma and 3 post diploma courses. Two women residential polytechnics, one at Latur and other at Yavatmal are started. Both the polytechnics have started their academic work from the academic year 1994-95. Five existing polytechnics are having Women Wings. They are catering courses as given below 1) Govt.
Polytechnic, Nagpur – Electronics & Telecommunication 2) Govt. Polytechnic, Jalgaon – Computer Engineering 3) Govt. Polytechnic, Aurangabad – Dress Designing & Garment Mfg. 4) Govt. Polytechnic, Ratnagiri – Electronics & Telecommunication 5) Govt. Polytechnic, Pune – Computer Engineering In Engineering colleges & polytechnics 30% seats in degree admissions are reserved for women to pursue technical education and 30% seats are also reserved in employment for them. This has resulted into motivation for women student towards technical education. 9. COMMUNITY POLYTECHNICS.
Community Polytechnics scheme was introduced in 1970 for Man Power Development, Technology Transfer and Technical Support to Community Services to cater to the needs of under developed rural areas. Presently 37 polytechnics are covered under this scheme. The scheme is mainly to upgrade the skills of rural youths and to involve them in national economic activities. 10. SCHOLARSHIPS AVAILABLE IN TECHNICAL EDUCATION The financial assistance is made available to the student from backward class community and economical backward classes. Merit scholarships are also made available to the meritorious students both for diploma and degree courses.
11. AUTONOMY AND FLEXIBILITY Government of Maharashtra recognized academic autonomy as step towards improving effectiveness of educational institutions and specially institutions which cater to the needs of well trained and qualified manpower suited to the needs of user industries and community. It aims at giving opportunity to the teachers & students to undergo need based courses and can improve standard of teaching learning under multipoint entry and flexibility in the education programmes. Similarly in some of the courses both at diploma & degree level sandwich pattern curriculum is implemented.
12. DISTANCE LEARNING/PART TIME EDUCATION Maharashtra Government provide, opportunity of technical education for the persons employed in technical organisations & institutions to upgrade their qualification & technological skills through distance learning education. One separate government polytechnic is catering distance-learning education in the state. 13. APPRENTICESHIP TRAINING As per apprenticeship act 1961 of Maharashtra State duly amended in subsequent years is being implemented to enrich the practical / on the job training for students passing out diploma and degree courses. 14.
IMPLEMENTATION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN STATE Department of Higher & Technical Education has started the certificate & advance certificate course in information technology at all levels of higher, technical and vocational education through the 8 private training providers and few government engineering colleges & polytechnics with deemed status. The mission & vision of the department are as follows Our Vision To become a world class, globally competitive, flexible and learning higher education institutions responsive to the individual, institutional and social developmental needs of the people of Maharashtra and India.
Our Mission To integrate in a self-sustainable manner IT education and IT enabled education with the basic teaching, learning process and its management. The goal is to prepare the graduates for the knowledge-based economy, champion the cause of life long learning and stimulate the creation of world class resources through information technology. Directorate of Technical Education and it’s Regional offices are partly computerised and the web site of the Directorate is launched at http://www. dte. org. in . All the officers including the regional offices are having E-Mail accounts.
The web site addresses of few Engineering colleges & polytechnics are as follows Government College of Engineering, Pune http://www. coep. org V. J. T. I. Mumbai http://www. vjti. ac. in S. P. C. E. Mumbai http://www. spce. edu Govt. Polytechnic, Pune http://www. gppune. com FUTURE PLANS During the Ninth Five Years Plan following expansion is proposed. 1. ESTABLISHMENT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY Considering the present expantion of Engineering\Architectural\ Management colleges it was proposed to affiliate all these colleges to Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Technological University, Lonere & have its extension centers at Pune \ Aurangabad \ Nagpur.
2. GRANT IN AUTONOMY ENGINEERING COLLEGES Govt. College of Engineering, Pune \ Aurangabad \ VJTI & VARCE Nagpur be granted autonomy. Deemed university status will be awarded in future to Govt. College of Engineering, Pune 3. CONTRUCTION OF HOSTELS FOR GIRLS Considering the increase in strenth of Girls students in Govt. Institutions. It is proposed to constructs Girls Hostels at all the Govt. Institutions. HomePage | Admission Forum | Download Section | Related Links | Right to Information | Career / Advt | SMIS | EMIS | TEQIP | FMIS | CIIILP | WBAP.