Nation may refer to a community of people who share a common language, culture, ethnicity, descent, or history. However, it can also refer to people who share a common territory and government. State commonly refers to either the present condition of a system or entity, or to a governed entity government is the system by which a state or community is governed. Rights and Obligations of the State
Article 1 is all about national territory
Article 2 Declaration of Principles and State Policies
Article 3 Bill of rights
Article 4 all about citizenship
Article 5 Suffrage(Right to vote)
Article 6 Legislative Department
Article 7 Executive Department
Article 8 Judicial Department
-Common Provision(Section 1-8
-Civil Service Commission (Section 1-16)
-Commission on Audit (Section 1-4)
Article 10 Local Government
Article 11 Accountability of public officers
Article 12 National Economy
D. Parens Patriae
– Literally, this means father of the country.
– This doctrine has been defined as the inherent power and authority of the state to provide protection to the persons & property of the person. Non – Sui – Juris = Persons who are those who lack the legal capacity to act on his own behalf.
E. Doctrine of State Immunity = The immunity of the state from suit, known as the doctrine of sovereign immunity or non-suability of the state, is
expressly provided in Article XVI of the 19987 Constitution.
F. Fundamental Powers of the State
There are three fundamental and inherent power of the state. 1. Police Power = is the power of the for promoting public welfare by restraining and regulating the use of liberty and property. 2. Power of Taxation = is the power by which the state raises revenue to defray the necessary expenses of government. 3. Power of eminent domain = is the power of the state to acquire private property for public purpose payment of just compensation.