Quest for moral values in the works of gurudev rabindranath tagore Professor B. K. Patel
Head, Department of English M. G. Govt. Art and Science College, Kharsia, Chhattisgarh Abstract:- Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore was a noble thinker, amazing poet, dramatist, best teacher, keen essayist and unbelievable artist of great excellence. He clearly asserts ‘Let us reset our moral compass. ‘His views on the lifestyle depend on the values of commitment, patriotism and naturalism. In spite of his being a great thinker, he propagated the ideas of naturalism and pragmatism. The values that we generally find and enjoy in the literature and philosophies of Tagore are Idealism, Humanism, Naturalism, Patriotism, internationalism and so on. Tagore says that man should identify the “ultimate truth” which will free him from the life circle. Encounter according to him is the interview with oneself. He trusts that the planet is the mixture of both fact and impression. In Tagore’s point of view, man is formed with unlimited power, which is unwanted of his substantial existence. This superfluity is the infinite potentiality of human nature and creativity. The unwanted potentiality of man translates itself in person’s spiritual religious and ethical activities. As an idealist, he was a keen promoter of facts, benefits and ideas. According to him, by using art man can experience the completeness of the high standards of life.
The peculiar artistry was nothing but sincere and spiritual self-discipline. He said that trust on and worship of God could spiritualize people’ duties and works. As a Humanist, Gurudev Rabindrabath Tagore said the characteristics of man and man are created by superior power. There is a powerful bond between man and characteristics, so man should act naturally to feel the significance of superpower within him. Knowing of self is the key to recognize the Godhood in self. As a Naturalist, he remains an excellent teacher that is not problematic for man. Nature is kind, gentle and sympathetic like a mother. As a true Patriot, Rabindranath Tagore was an excellent poet, preacher, master and servant of the nation. His documents are filled with the loyal dogmas and doctrines.
He had sworn during the independence movement to make the nation free from international slavery. His dedication for the nationwide service, sincere feeling, and certainty was great. “Jana, Gana, Mana… is the popular National Anthem which elicited a powerful a sense of unity and nationalism. As a proponent of Internationalism he was in favour of the one world. He says that unity among social, color and spiritual diversities is the need of the time. Sophisticated emotions are significant in his literary creations and works of arts. Finally, he was a follower and promoter of Vedanta. He had faith on the one Supreme Being that he has called as the holy Brahma. He finds unity in the diversities in the world and a spiritual oneness between man and man, man and characteristics. The relation between God and human must be like that of between love and joy. He witnesses God in all matters and soul. He believes that existence of Lord Brahma is there in all the living beings. Adequate answers of all the queries occur when we understand the lifestyle of Brahma within him. RABINDRANATH TAGORE AND HUMAN VALUES
Asstt. Professor, Deptt. of Philosophy, Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar College, Belonia, South Tripura.
Abstract- R.N. Tagore’s philosophical works are so vast that it is a herculean task to do proper justice to the world class philosopher. From R.N. Tagore’s books, we can easily surmise his own philosophical thoughts and ideas. Looking at the modern times, there is a widespread feeling of hatred, enmity and distrust among religions, caste and nations. There is a competition to use religion in the name of religionlessness. The source of such deplorable acts is not the aforesaid search for peaceful self-consciousness. It’s source is restless self-consciousness. R. N. Tagore’s view of humanism and philosophical thought never shows the unconscious principle of life and the feeling of division and conflicts as the ultimate goal of man. Tagore gives importance to ‘Bhāgavatgītā’ which teaches that one knows oneself without the division of intelligence. The Supreme spirit is everything, holds every things together.
As a matter of fact, in this modern age of disdain, enmity, dismay, dishonesty, distrusted and suspicion among different religion castes and nations, R.N. Tagore’s Message and Occasional Speeches serve as a panacea for the ills of human beings.
Key words: humanism, religion, values, human beings.
“QUEST FOR HUMAN VALUES IN RABINDRANATH TAGORE’S GITANJALI”
Dr. Baburam Swami
Assistant Professor, Deptt. of English, Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar College, Belonia, South Tripura.
ABSTRACT: Tagore’s love for humanity is omnipresent. He shows great concern for the strife, sorrows and sufferings of humanity. His poetry is full of lofty idealism and undaunted optimism. The common objects of nature and human life are glorified and coloured in the radiance of his romantic imagination endowed with boundless love for liberty, fraternity and equality. He is a singer of the smiles and tears of human life. Spiritual humanist finds out spiritual significance in the commonplace activities of life and god in humble cottages. He condemns castes and creeds, which divide humankind. All human beings are equal to the creator there is no untouchable in the great body of God. He occupies front position in the congregation of the prophets of Humanism for his songs. Tagore’s poetry Gitanjali reflects his desperate efforts to see the world to live in peace and harmony in reality.
He strives hard to foster the values of humanity and bring happiness in the land by encouraging the individuals to love one another and lead a harmonious life full of contentment. Gitanjali means song offering which are of the finite to the infinite. It is the poetry of the highest order and brings strange consolation to the human heart. It is poetry in which men converse with eternity. This paper focuses on the human values in the Gitanjali. It depicts the chaos and incoherence, the confusion of sensations and emotions that constitute the human consciousness. It also depicts multi-theme of human relationships. It is the study of motion and commotion for establishment of human values. It is an attempt to get a glimpse of Tagore’s philosophy of humanism. It also aims at studying Rabindranath Tagore’s Poetry Gitanjali that fosters almost all positive values not only in India but also abroad. THE HUMANISTIC APPROACH IN THE SCIENTIFIC CONSCIOUSNESS OF RABINDRANATH TAGORE
Sohini Deb (Nandi)
Research Scholar, Department of Sanskrit, Tripura University
Abstract- The human values of the universal humanitarian considerations reached the level of high standard in the cultural activities and literary productions of Rabindranath Tagore, one of the greatest poet and men of wisdom. The extraordinary and the multifaceted talent of the poet embrace the diversity of valuable ideas of which science is a potential element. The flight of his imagination was not wild but sensible. It helped him to realise the truth comprehensively. It also transcended the limits of material forces and acquainted him to true nature of the infinite. His realisation and the study of scientific literature made him rich enough in the awareness that the application of science should be used exclusively for the utility of the mankind and especially to improve lots of the poor eradicating ignorance and superstitions. He studied books on science, went deep into the roots of the scientific principles and afterwards wrote books to make the ordinary people aware scientifically the surroundings of our society where we really live. He composed the books like ‘Visvaparichaya’ and ‘Taramandali abang Mahakasha’. He also inspired other scholars of science to write for awareness of scientific thought in the ordinary mass. He also wrote articles and took such measures for qualitative change in the technological know-how for agriculture.
His experiment started in the Shriniketan and inspired his son Rathindranath for obtaining a degree in agricultural science. He was devoted to enrich the plant life too. He also took out most care in the human and social environment so as to make a man of the society physically and mentally healthy. From the height of cosmos down to the individual and material earth and the human societies with peculiar characteristics in the particular surroundings, the poet Rabindranath try to catch the linking thread so as to have a clear conception to apply science for the good of mankind. It was inherent in the mind of the poet which has been revealed in his writings and activities that without invariable and concomitant association with the human value system, science is incapable of doing any good to mankind rather it acts like Frankenstein.
RABINDRANATH TAGORE AND HIS UNIVERSAL HUMANISM
Rajesh Bhattacharjee, Anup kumar Biswas
M.A. in Bengali, Tripura University
Abstract- Now a days the moral values from human nature is abolishing. If anybody should be mentioned as pure humanist in the India as well as in the world he is one and only Rabindranath Tagore .He earned a lot of experience in his whole life. He noticed the cruelty and destruction during the Second World War. He realized that the moral values are decreasing day by day.Then he determined to restore the human values and revive the moral ideas. In his essays like ‘kalantar’,’Yourope probasir patra’, ‘Batayaniker patra’, ‘Lokahita’, ‘purba o paschim’, ‘ Savyatar sankat’ he expressed his judgments’ about the humanism. Not only has this had his poems, proses, novels, and his short stories also born the significance of his humanist attitude. After travelling the whole world he felt that most of the people are losing their identity, depriving by the upper classes, exploiting by the rulers. He declared loudly the winning song of humanity and restored our consciousness. So in today if we want to reconstruct our humanism we have to remember his message and preserve human values like love, faith, sincerity and devotion. We can celebrate his 150th birth anniversary and gave him proper honour through obeying his messages and his ideas.
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