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Research Paper About Rizal Essay

I. Introduction

My intention is to give a basic outline of the lovelife story between Josephine Bracken and Jose P. Rizal. So for reasons of this outline and other constraints it will unfortunately be necessary omit some aspects of their story in this outline report. I ask of anyone who believes that anything is incorrect. Then, should it be necessary, it can be amended. I ask that any information that is offered is factually based rather than opinion or rumour. Many Filipinos are unaware of the degree of affection that existed between Rizal and Bracken. The romanticised notion of Rizal as of a Filipino politician during his brief life with women from various parts of the world as his conquest overshadowed the real love and relationship he had with Bracken. Rizal was obviously happy in his relationship with the woman who filled in an emotional need during his lonely and boring days in exile life. Although his family was not happy about the relationship.

His deep concern over Bracken is quite evident and revealing in the numerous letters he penned during the later part of his emotional, boring and lonelyness with his love life. Those were Rizal’s efforts to bring josephine bracken closer to the members of his family. Many inaccuracies and rumours relating to their have originated, persisted and been added to ever since first stepped into the stage of their lovelife. Most of these have been promulegate on the paper of evidence, or indeed in the absence of any evidence whatsoever and unfortunately in some cases by personages who really should have known better. To the best of my knowledge there is an evidence that supports the validity of that statement because rizal had been maried with josephine bracken and together they live as man and wife happily ever after.. it appears to have simply been based on deliberately details in a contemporary report yet it was given an apparent posibility by power of the love.

José Rizal (1861-1896) was a Filipino intellectual who fought to reform, and ultimately to oust, the Spanish colonial government. He is best known for his controversial novel, Noli Me Tangere (Touch Me Not), which, though fictional, alluded to the corruption of the Spanish colonial government and the Catholic Church. He was eventually executed by a firing squad for the part he played in the Philippine Revolution. Rizal is still considered a revolutionary martyr in the Philippines.

In 1887, Rizal published Noli Me Tangere. His gripping and controversial tale of Spanish colonial injustice awakened national consciousness among Filipinos and contributed to the rise of the Filipino independence movement. According to “Rizal Without the Overcoat” by Ambeth R. Ocampo, Josephine Braken was the illegitimate daughter of an Irishman named Joseph Bracken and an unknown Chinese mother in Hong Kong. The social stigma of being Eurasian in 19th century Hong Kong was worse than even being illigeitimate.

There are many instances throughout her life where she fabricated accounts of herself, apparently, to overcome this stigma. The Jesuit Vicente Balaguer claims to have married Rizal and Josephine before his execution in the presence of one of Rizal’s sisters. However, the Rizal family denied this, and by Rizal’s own account, none of them were there on the day of the supposed marriage. Later, Josephine neither used Rizal’s name or produced a marriage certificate or other documentation to prove marriage to him. She failed to prove her claim of marriage during litigation over his library and other matters of his will.

Some time after Rizal’s execution, she married Vicente Abad, the Filipino representative of Tabaclera, Hong Kong. She eventually died on March 14, 1902 in Hong Kong of ulceration of the breast/military tubercolosis”. She died penniless and was buried in a paupers grave. Dispite the weight of evidence and general belief that Rizal and Bracken were never legally married, the issue remains a controvery. The Rizal family was opposed to Josephine, and there is some reason to believe the possibility that they colluded against her after Rizals death, perhaps succeeding at what they could not accomplish during his life.

II. Statement of the problem

1.) Who is Josephine Jracken and discribe based on Rizal’s discription?

2.) Who is Julio Llorente?

3.) Who is Dr. Jose p. Rizal?

III. Presentation of data

Josephine Bracken was born ‘Josephine MacBride Bracken’ to James Bracken and Elizabeth MacBride, in Victoria City, Hong Kong. She was later adopted by a German-American machinist from New York, George Leopold Taufer, from whom her other name “Leopoldine” was taken. Historians such as Austin Coates have scrutinized this history, and suggest that she might have been an illegitimate daughter of an Anglo-Saxon father and a Chinese mother. Josephine Bracken was said to be a person with a kind and gentle disposition, who took care of her blind father.

Upon hearing rumors of an excellent Filipino doctor returning to Manila, she quickly seized the opportunity to sail to Manila to diagnose her father’s illness. On 5 February 1895, she reached Manila with her adoptive father and 40-year-old Francesca Spencer from Macau. While they were staying at #3 Ylayu St. in Tondo, she arranged a consultation for her father’s double cataract. Later on, in the same month, they sailed to Dapitan for a follow-up consultation.

Discribe based on Rizals discription he said that josephine bracken was a pretty yuong Irish, with brown hair and blue eyes. Her parents ware Irish nationals, but she was born in Hongkong opn october 6,1876. Her mother died because of children delivery and that child was Josephine Bracken.

He  Jolio Llorente y Abelle was born in Cebu on May 22, 1863. He born to one of the wealthiest families in Cebu. His father was Don Ceferino Llorente, a Spanish who owned several inter-island vessels and a sugar estate in Medellin.Julio Llorente’s mother, Martina Aballe, was a Cebuano from Argao, a town located south of Cebu. Llorente was educated in a private school in his hometown. He then had the opportunity to go to the city of Manila in 1876 and study at Ateneo de Manila. Afterward he left for Spain and there he obtained a degree of Doctor of Laws in 1881 at the Universidad Central de Madrid. Llorente was then admitted to the bar and practiced law in the foreign country.

It was during this time that he got acquainted with Jose Rizal and other personalities from the Propaganda Movement. He got involved with this movement through some articles he regularly contributed to La Solidaridad. He was also a member of the editorial staff of the newspaper España en Filipinas published by the Filipino reformists. Moreover, he was a member of the nationalist society called R.D.L.M which was founded by Jose Rizal in Paris, France. Jose Rizal was a man of incredible intellectual power, with amazing artistic talent as well. He excelled at anything that he put his mind to – medicine, poetry, sketching, architecture, sociology… the list seems nearly endless. Thus, Rizal’s martyrdom by the Spanish colonial authorities while he was still quite young was a huge loss to the Philippines, and to the world at large. Today, the people of the Philippines honor him as their national hero.

On June 19, 1861, Francisco Rizal Mercado and Teodora Alonzo y Quintos welcomed their seventh child into the world at Calamba, Laguna. They named the boy Jose Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda. The Mercado family were wealthy farmers who rented land from the Dominican religious order. Descendants of a Chinese immigrant named Domingo Lam-co, they changed their name to Mercado (“market”) under the pressure of anti-Chinese feeling amongst the Spanish colonizers. From an early age, Jose Rizal Mercado showed a precocious intellect. He learned the alphabet from his mother at 3, and could read and write at age 5. Jose Rizal Mercado attended the Ateneo Municipal de Manila, graduating at the age of 16 with highest honors. He took a post-graduate course there in land surveying.

Rizal Mercado completed his surveyor’s training in 1877, and passed the licensing exam in May 1878, but could not receive a license to practice because he was only 17 years old. (He was granted a license in 1881, when he reached the age of majority.) In 1878, the young man also enrolled in the University of Santo Tomas as a medical student. He later quit the school, alleging discrimination against Filipino students by the Dominican professors. In May of 1882, Jose Rizal got on a ship to Spain without informing his parents of his intentions. He enrolled at the Universidad Central de Madrid. In June of 1884, he received his medical degree at the age of 23; the following year, he also graduated from the Philosophy and Letters department. Inspired by his mother’s advancing blindness, Rizal next went to the University of Paris and then the University of Heidelberg to complete further study in the field of ophthalmology. At Heidelberg, he studied under the famed professor Otto Becker. Rizal finished his second doctorate at Heidelberg in 1887. Jose Rizal lived in Europe for 10 years.

During that time, he picked up a number of languages; in fact, he could converse in more than 10 different tongues. While in Europe, the young Filipino impressed everyone who met him with his charm, his intelligence, and his mastery of an incredible range of different fields of study. Rizal excelled at martial arts, fencing, sculpture, painting, teaching, anthropology, and journalism, among other things. During his European sojourn, he also began to write novels. Rizal finished his first book, Noli Me Tangere, while living in Wilhemsfeld with the Reverend Karl Ullmer. Rizal wrote Noli Me Tangere in Spanish; it was published in 1887 in Berlin. The novel is a scathing indictment of the Catholic Church and Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines. This book cemented Jose Rizal on the Spanish colonial government’s list of troublemakers.

When Rizal returned home for a visit, he received a summons from the Governor General, and had to defend himself from charges of disseminating subversive ideas. Although the Spanish governor accepted Rizal’s explanations, the Catholic Church was less willing to forgive. In 1891, Rizal published a sequel, titled El Filibusterismo. Both in his novels and in newspaper editorials, Jose Rizal called for a number of reforms of the Spanish colonial system in the Philippines. He advocated freedom of speech and assembly, equal rights before the law for Filipinos, and Filipino priests in place of the often-corrupt Spanish churchmen. In addition, Rizal called for the Philippines to become a province within Spain, with representation in the Spanish legislature (the Cortes Generales). Rizal never called for independence for the Philippines. Nonetheless, the colonial government considered him a dangerous radical, and declared him an enemy of the state.

In 1892, Rizal returned to the Philippines. He was almost immediately accused of being involved in the brewing rebellion, and was exiled to Dapitan, on the island of Mindanao. Rizal would stay there for four years, teaching school and encouraging agricultural reforms. During that same period, the people of the Philippines grew more eager to revolt against the Spanish colonial presence. Inspired in part by Rizal’s organization, La Liga, rebel leaders likeAndres Bonifacio began to press for military action against the Spanish regime. In Dapitan, Rizal met and fell in love with Josephine Bracken, who brought her stepfather to him for a cataract operation. The couple applied for a marriage license, but were denied by the Church (which had excommunicated Rizal). The Philippine Revolution broke out in 1896. Rizal denounced the violence, and received permission to travel to Cuba in order to tend victims of yellow fever in exchange for his freedom.

Bonifacio and two associates sneaked aboard the ship to Cuba before it left the Philippines, trying to convince Rizal to escape with them, but Rizal refused. He was arrested by the Spanish on the way, taken to Barcelona, and then extradited to Manila for trial. Jose Rizal was tried by court martial, charged with conspiracy, sedition and rebellion. Despite a lack of any evidence of his complicity in the Revolution, Rizal was convicted on all counts and given the death sentence. He was allowed to marry Josephine two hours before his execution by firing squad on December 30, 1896. Jose Rizal was just 35 years old.

Jose Rizal is remembered today throughout the Philippines for his brilliance, his courage, his peaceful resistance to tyranny, and his compassion. Filipino school children study his final literary work, a poem called Mi Ultimo Adios (“My Last Goodbye”), as well as his two famous novels. Spurred on by Rizal’s martyrdom, the Philippine Revolution continued until 1898. With assistance from the United States, the Philippine archipelago was able to defeat the Spanish army. The Philippines declared its independence from Spain on June 12, 1898. It was the first democratic republic in Asia.

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