Absolute morality is when the answer never changes and is the same in all circumstances ‘don’t cause anyone harm’ Relative morality is when the answer can be adapted to the person’s circumstance, ‘don’ cause anyone harms’ – might go to war because it causes harm to others but stops greater suffering in the future. Sanctity of life: for a religious believer the sanctity of life is a reason for it being special. Apart from Buddhism, all the major religions believe God was responsible for creating life. Some believe that we have evolved naturally over millions of years leading to the situation we have today.
Christianity and Islam believe in the creation story which shows God created life – life is special – was created by God – he still has responsibility over it – no person has the right to damage or destroy life. Value of life: The value of a person’s life – financial terms – some may argue that because life is God given it can’t have a value. The value of life can be due to the amount you have given to society/friends/family. The quality of life: living with comfort, being free from pain, freedom and dignity are seen as good quality of life.
Religious believer classify the possibility of accessing or experiencing God as good quality of life. If the person has bad quality of life, would they be better of dying? ‘God sends us and we take birth. ’ Adi Granth Muslims believe life begins at one moment when the foetus receives a soul (ensoulment), approx 120 days- linked to organ development, nervous system, brain activity. Considering when life begins affects religious beliefs – life starting before or at conception, fertility treatment, human genetic engineering & embryology involve taking life – all religions oppose. Life begins at:
Conception- moment sperm fertilises the egg. 14days- after conception, embryo becomes attached to the womb. 3weeks- after conception, heart begins to beat. Quickening- first detectable movement of the foetus. Ensoulment- foetus receives a soul. Viability- the foetus could survive if it were to be born. Birth- human life starts at birth (38weeks after conception) People may want children because… •Material instinct, increase bond, carry the family on, ‘perfect family’ , care and joy. People may not have children because… •Genetic/illness, age or homosexual. IVF( In Vitro fertilisation).
•Hormones into woman to enhance egg production. •Eggs taken out and put into a test tube with sperm in incubator(37’) •Once the sperm &egg have met & embryos developed. •Take embryo 7put back into the mother’s womb. IVF: a scientific method of making a woman pregnant, which doesn’t involve sex. Conception occurs via sperm &egg being placed into a test tube. Pros for IVF: •Helps couples and the infertile, any age, couples can choose whether to have kids or not, satisfies maternal instinct, open opportunities’. Cons for IVF: •Against God’s decision, expensive, no guarantee (25%), against religions, multiple children, any age.