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Reasoning Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Moral Reasoning

For thinkers like Rousseau and Kant, reason and morality are connected in such a way that we can induce our moral standards through the use of reason. Unlike the beliefs of many people especially today that morality is exclusive to rationality, these thinkers together with the ancients (i. e. Plato and Aristotle), they see morality as a product of discourse made possible by reason. Kant discourse on duty is a good example for this. Kant debunk the limiting idea that actions are determined by motives. If you want to do A, you must do B. This kind of argument is dependent upon the personal and subjective impulse of the doer. For Kant, no good things can be done if its…

Critical Thinking Assignment

The memorandum from Salvador Monella to the Board of Directors addresses the rising costs of employee healthcare benefits at Penn-Mart. His communication includes an explanation of his purpose in addressing the healthcare costs, findings regarding Penn-Mart’s benefits costs, a recommended program to implement for cost reduction, and a discussion containing support for their recommendation. While some business people may be tempted to simply accept the information presented in Mr. Monella’s memorandum, it is my opinion, after reading Browne and Keeley’s Asking the Right Questions (2012), that adopting a critical thinking approach is the most effective way to evaluate the document. Using a critical thinking approach to evaluate this business document will help a reader to know when to accept and…

Deductive Reasoning

Deductive reasoning is about finding answers to a tricky problem with clues that don’t appear to make sense but once you find them, you think they do actually make sense. Solving the problem in your head and explaining it to another person how you did it are two different things. To make this simpler to understand let me use some names for the 3 geniuses. The first genius inline is called ‘A’, then the middle one is called ‘B’ and the last in line is called ‘C’. Drawing the mental picture of the 3 geniuses standing helps to simply the problem. In my mind they look something like this:These triangles are sized in a way that tells that C is…

Applying Problem Solving

There are so many problems in the world today, personal as much as in society as a whole. The question is, how can we solve them? The answer is, soft skills such as critical thinking and problem solving. These are arguably the most effective weapons we have against combatting these problems. Let’s explore two examples of real-world scenarios: Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) and Gun Violence. A recent study confirmed a direct link between tumors and Genetically Modified Organisms (Food Chem Toxicol, 2012). The scientific method was used to observe, hypothesize, experiment, and verify this conclusion, via a controlled experiment with rats over the course of two years. That’s not to say that all tumors are caused solely by GMOs, but…

Basic Concepts of Quantitative Reasoning

Formulas, theories and concepts that teachers instill their students do not last long. People who attend school either leave or graduate with the skills that they have acquired. Quantitative reasoning is one of the skills that students receive during their education. The Office of Institutional Assessment and Studies at University of Virginia defines Quantitative Reasoning as “… correctly using numbers and symbols, studying measurement, properties, and the relationships of quantities, or formally reasoning within abstract systems of thought to make decisions, judgments, and predictions” (Institutional Assessment and Studies, 2007). Thus, quantitative reasoning all boils down to the utilization of reasoning, logic and problem solving when dealing with different situations that one may come across. Quantitative reasoning is used by everyone…

Logical thinking

The first question that must be asked before answering this question is: What exactly is logical thinking? Logical thinking is the process in which one uses reasoning consistently to come to a conclusion. If this definition is strictly followed, logical thinking cannot be affected by any outside influences as long as the premises are truly valid. For example the syllogism: All mammals are warm blooded. Whales are mammals. Whales are warm blooded. is truly logical because the major premise is true. In a more ‘general world’ however, we refer to logical thinking as simply deducing a reasonable explanation or conclusion from what is already and personally known. What is personally known is often fallacious because of stereotypes, cultural taboos, and/or…

Personal Reflection Paper

I have learned a lot of important information throughout this course of Critical and Creative Thinking. I have learned mainly what critical thinking is and how it works. I think that it is important to be a critical thinker. I am going to share with you some information that I learned during this course that helped me use critical thinking more effectively. Critical thinking is the ability to think clearly and rationally. When you use critical thinking you can examine and analyze questions, issues, situations, and information of all kinds. It is important to use critical thinking because it helps you evaluate all decisions. When you are using critical thinking you are using different combinations of skills. By using critical…

Effective Persuasion

1. There are several factors that make an essay or written work persuasive such as a valid point and logical reasoning to express this point. The author effectively uses factual information in this way and makes a reasonable persuasive argument. The main point of this particular essay is to persuade the reader that the U.S. government should consider Universal Health Care for its citizens. The introduction was strong and provided a valid basis for the entirety of the essay. The thesis statement was clear and concise and the essay was well thought out in terms of factual examples. The supporting paragraphs show a topic sentence and very detailed body to follow up the main points. The first point is “the…

Weekly reading

As you complete your weekly reading, answer the questions below. Please review the following writing guidelines prior to answering the questions: Remember to respond to the questions using your own words. Do NOT copy responses from the textbook, internet or other resources. This is plagiarism, which is illegal, and may result in a failing grade. You MUST paraphrase information in your own words and not transfer word-for-word. For information on how to avoid plagiarism, please visit the Writing Center in the Student Success CenterPart 1: Life begins at the level of a cell. Some organisms only consist of one cell, and others are composed of multiple cells that are further organized. After reading pages 4 – 5 in your textbook,…

Chapter 3 Case 3-B: When Proper Procedure is not Followed

1. Outline the specific steps Cliff should have taken with Sonja prior to their meeting with Cindy to ensure the meeting went smoothly with no surprises. Cliff should have had explain to Sonja prior to their meeting with Cindy, on to details of what this meeting was fully about. Cliff should have also discussed with Sonja what a distinctive role Cindy has with this meeting as a leasing agent for sale expectations. Cliff should have stated Cindy’s position in this company, that she is the wife of one of the members of the executive committee, Larry, and that her position is very important. 2. As supervisor, what should Cliff have done when it became apparent Sonja was overstepping her authority…

I got a D for this TOK Essay

4. The traditional TOK diagram indicates four ways of knowing. Propose the inclusion of a fifth way of knowing selected from intuition, memory or imagination, and explore the knowledge issues it may raise in two areas of knowledge. Word count: 1207 Memory is a tool people use to process things they come to learn about the world. In psychology memory is described by the term cognitive processes which include perception, thinking, problem solving, memory, language and attention. Cognition is ones mental perception of the world like images, words and concepts. Memory is not an exact copy of experiences but an outline. What people actually remember and what they have been told by someone else, is mixed so the thing people…

Barriers of Critical Thinking

There are many barriers to critical thinking. Barriers can distort your thinking a great deal. The way we are raised by our parents when are children can determine our religion, our political views, the way we view the world, and ultimately shapes our thinking and who we are as individuals. Our upbringing shapes our fears, our self-concept, and also shapes our emotions. Barriers can range from family, friends, peer pressure, the media, and so many more. To become a successful critical thinker, you have to face yourself and be completely honest with yourself. You have to do this so you can figure out exactly which barriers personally shapes your thinking. There are many barriers to critical thinking. Barriers can distort…

Key to Good Speech: Ethos, Pathos, and Logos

Persuasion from ethos establishes the speaker’s or writer’s good character. As you saw in the opening of Plato’s Phaedrus, the Greeks established a sense of ethos by a family’s reputation in the community. Our current culture in many ways denies us the use of family ethos as sons and daughters must move out of the community to find jobs or parents feel they must sell the family home to join a retirement community apart from the community of their lives’ works. The appeal from a person’s acknowledged life contributions within a community has moved from the stability of the family hearth to the mobility of the shiny car. Without the ethos of the good name and handshake, current forms of…