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# Quiz 1 Week 2 Job Order Essay

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1.| Question 😐 (TCO F) Assume there is no beginning work in process inventory and the ending work in process inventory is 100% complete with respect to materials costs. The number of equivalent units with respect to materials costs under the weighted-average method is:|

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| Student Answer:| | the same as the number of units put into production. | | | | less than the number of units put into production. | | | | the same as the number of units completed. |

| | | less than the number of units completed. |
| Instructor Explanation:| Chapter 4|
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| Points Received:| 0 of 5 |
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2.| Question 😐 (TCO F) Luft Company uses the weighted-average method in its process costing system. Operating data for the first processing department for the month of June appear below:
| Units| Percent Complete with respect to Conversion| Beginning work in process inventory| 11,000| 90%|
Started in production during June| 58,000| |
Ending work in process inventory| 17,000| 10%|

According to the company’s records, the conversion cost in beginning work in process inventory was \$79,893 at the beginning of June. Additional conversion costs of \$343,830 were incurred in the department during the month.

What was the cost per equivalent unit for conversion costs for the month? (Round off to three decimal places.)|
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| Student Answer:| | \$8.070 |
| | | \$7.891 |
| | | \$5.928 |
| | | \$4.584 |
| Instructor Explanation:| To solve for units transferred: + Work in progress, beginning| 11,000|
+ Units started into production during the month| 58,000| – Work in process, ending| 17,000|
= Units completed and transferred out during the month| \$52,000|

Equivalent Units of Production
| Conversion|
Transferred to next department| 52,000|
Ending work in process| |
(conversion: 17,000 units x 10% complete| 1,700| Equivalent units of production| 53,700|

Cost per Equivalent Unit
| Conversion|
Cost of beginning work in process| \$79,893|
Cost added during the period| 343,830|
Total cost (a)| 423,723|
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Equivalent units of production (b)| 53,700|
Cost per equivalent unit (a) / (b)| \$7.891|
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| Points Received:| 0 of 5 |
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3.| Question 😐 (TCO F) Unizat Corporation uses the weighted-average method in its process costing system. The following information pertains to one of the company’s processing departments for a recent month:

| Units| Material Cost|
Beginning work in process| 30,000| \$22,000|
Started during the month| 80,000| \$72,000|
Units completed | 85,000| |
Ending work in process| 25,000| |

All materials are added at the beginning of the process. The cost per equivalent unit for materials is closest to:|
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| Student Answer:| | \$0.86 |
| | | \$0.90 |
| | | \$1.10 |
| | | \$1.18 |
| Instructor Explanation:|

To solve for ending work in process:
+ Work in process, beginning| 30,000|
+ Units started into production during the month| 80,000| – Units completed and transferred out during the month| 85,000| = Work in process, ending| 25,000|

Equivalent Units of Production
| Materials|
Transferred to next department| 85,000|
Ending work in process| |
(conversion: 25,000 units x 10% complete)| 25,000| Equivalent units of production| 110,000|

Cost per Equivalent Unit
| Conversion|
Cost of beginning work in process| \$22,000|
Cost added during the period| 72,000|
Total cost (a)| \$94,000|
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Equivalent units of production (b)| 110,000|
Cost per equivalent unit (a) / (b)| \$0.85|
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| Points Received:| 5 of 5 |
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4.| Question 😐 (TCO F) Which of the following accounts is debited when direct labor is recorded?|
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| Student Answer:| | Work in process |
| | | Salaries and wages expense |
| | | Salaries and wages payable |
| | | Manufacturing overhead |
| Instructor Explanation:| Chapter 3|
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| Points Received:| 5 of 5 |
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5.| Question 😐 (TCO F) Stickles Corporation incurred \$79,000 of actual Manufacturing Overhead costs during August. During the same period, the Manufacturing Overhead applied to Work in Process was \$75,000. The journal entry to record the incurrence of the actual Manufacturing Overhead costs would include a:|

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| Student Answer:| | debit to Manufacturing Overhead of \$79,000. | | | | credit to Manufacturing Overhead of \$79,000. |
| | | credit to Work in Process of \$75,000. |
| | | debit to Work in Process of \$75,000. |
| Instructor Explanation:| Chapter 3
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| Points Received:| 0 of 5 |
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6.| Question 😐 (TCO F) During February, Degan Inc. transferred \$60,000 from Work in Process to Finished Goods and recorded a Cost of Goods Sold of \$65,000. The journal entries to record these transactions would include a:|

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| Student Answer:| | debit to Finished Goods of \$65,000. | | | | credit to Cost of Goods Sold of \$65,000. |
| | | credit to Work in Process of \$60,000. |
| | | credit to Finished Goods of \$60,000. |
| Instructor Explanation:| Chapter 3

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| Points Received:| 5 of 5 |
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1.| Question 😐 (TCO F) Whether a company uses process costing or job-order costing depends on its industry. A number of companies in different industries are listed below:
i. Brick manufacturer
ii. Contract printer that produces posters, books, and pamphlets to order iii. Natural gas production company
iv. Dairy farm
v. Coal mining company
vi. Specialty coffee roaster (roasts small batches of specialty coffee beans)

For each company, indicate whether the company is most likely to use job-order costing or process costing.|
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| Student Answer:| | i. Process Costing ii. Job-order Costing iii. Process Costing iv. Process Costing v. Process costing vi. Job-order Costing | | Instructor Explanation:| i. Brick manufacturer | Process Costing| ii. Contract printer that produces posters, books, and pamphlets to order | Job Order Costing| iii. Natural gas production company | Process Costing|

iv. Dairy farm | Process Costing|
v. Coal mining company| Process Costing|
vi. Specialty coffee roaster (roasts small batches of specialty coffee beans)| Job Order Costing|
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| Points Received:| 15 of 15 |
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2.| Question 😐 (TCO F) Job 827 was recently completed. The following data have been recorded on its job cost sheet: Direct materials| \$61,050|
Direct labor hours| 1,332 labor hours|
Direct labor wage rate| \$14 per labor-hour|
Machine Hours| 1,480 machine hours|
Number of units completed| 3,700 units|

The company applies manufacturing overhead on the basis of machine-hours. The predetermined overhead rate is \$13 per machine-hour. Compute the unit product cost that would appear on the job cost sheet for this job.|

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| Student Answer:| | Direct Materials………………………………………\$61,050 Direct Labor (1,332 x \$14)………………………\$18,648 Manufacturing Overhead (1,480 x \$13)………\$19,240 ——— Total Product Cost………………………………….\$98,938 Unit Product Cost (\$98,938 / 3,700 units) = \$26.74 per unit | | Instructor Explanation:|

Direct materials| \$61,050|
Direct labor (\$14 per DLH, 1,332 DLHs) | 18,648|
Manufacturing Overhead (\$13 per MH, 1,480 MHs)| 19,240|
Total Cost| \$98,938|
Unit Product Cost| \$26.74|

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| Points Received:| 15 of 15 |
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3.| Question 😐 (TCO F) Miller Company manufactures a product for which materials are added at the beginning of the manufacturing process. A review of the company’s inventory and cost records for the most recently completed year revealed the following information: | Units | Materials | Conversion| Work in process. Jan. 1 (80% complete with respect to conversion costs)| 100,000| \$100,000 | \$157,500 | Units started into production| 500,000| | |

Costs added during the year:| | | |
Materials | | \$650,000 | |
Conversion | | | \$997,500 |
Units completed during the year | 450,000| | |

The company uses the weighted-average cost method in its process costing system. The ending inventory is 50% complete with respect to conversion costs.

Required:

i. Compute the equivalent units of production and the cost per equivalent units for materials and for conversion costs.

ii. Determine the cost transferred to finished goods.

iii. Determine the amount of cost that should be assigned to the ending work in process inventory.|
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| Student Answer:| | i. Equivalent units of production for materials and conversion costs. Materials Conversion Units completed and transferred out………..450,000 450,000 Ending work in process: Materials (150,000 x
100%)………………….150,000 Conversion (150,000 x 50%)…………………………………75,000 ———————— Equivalent units of production………………..600,000 525,000 ===== ====== Ending work in process: Work in process beginning………………..100,000 Units started in production……………….500,000 ——— Total work in process for the period……600,000 Less: Units completed……………………..450,000 ———- Ending work in process……………………150,000 ii. Cost transferred to finished goods. Materials cost per equivalent unit: (100,000+ 650,000)/ 600,000 = \$1.25 per equivalent unit Conversion cost per equivalent unit: (157,500+997,500) / 525,000 = \$2.2 per equivalent unit Cost transferred out 450,000 x (1.25+2.2)=\$1,552,500 ======== iii.Cost assigned to ending work in process inventory Materials costs: 150,000 x \$1.25 = \$187,500 Conversion costs: (150,000 x 50%) x \$2.2) = \$165,000 ————– Cost assigned to ending work in process inventory \$352,500 ======= | | Instructor Explanation:| |

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| Points Received:| 15 of 15 |
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4.| Question 😐 (TCO F) Weisinger Corporation has provided the following data for the month of January: Inventories| | Beginning| Ending|
| Raw materials| \$28,000 | \$29,000 |
| Work In process| \$16,000 | \$14,000 |
| Finished goods| \$42,000 | \$54,000 |

| Raw material purchases| \$56,000 |
| Direct labor costs| \$87,000 |
| Manufacturing overhead cost incurred| \$51,000 |
| Indirect materials included in manufacturing overhead costs incurred|
\$3,000 | | Manufacturing overhead cost applied to work in process| \$55,000 |

Prepare a Schedule of Cost of Goods Manufactured and a Schedule of Cost of Goods Sold in good form.|
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| Student Answer:| | Weisinger Corporation Schedule of Cost of Goods Manufactured January 2013 Direct Materials: Raw Materials Inventory, beginning…………………..\$28,000 Add:Raw materials purchases……………………………56,000 ——— Total Materials available…………………………………..\$84,000 Deduct: Raw materials inventory, ending…………….(29,000) ———- Raw materials use in production……………………….\$55,000 Deduct: Indirect materials included in manufacturing overhead costs incurred………………………………….(3,000)……..\$52,000 Direct Labor……………………………………………………………………..87,000 Manufacturing overhead cost applied to work in process…………..55,000 ——— Total manufacturing cost………………………………………………….\$194,000 Add: Beginning work in process inventory……………………………….16,000 ———- Total Work in process for the period……………………………………..\$21,000 Deduct: Ending work in process inventory……………………………..(14,000) ———- Cost of Goods Manufactured……………………………………………..\$196,000 ====== Weisinger Corporation Cost of Goods Sold January 2013 Finished Goods Inventory Beginning………………………………..\$42,000 Add: Goods of Goods Manufactured……………………………….196,000 ———- Cost of Goods available for sale…………………………………….\$238,000 Deduct: Finished goods inventory ending………………………….(54,000) ———-

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