Behaviorism would explain road rage by looking at the person’s environment to see why he or she would become enraged and show aggressive behavior towards other drivers. Using behaviorism, you would examine what is happening at that time, who is involved, the driver, the passengers, and other drivers. Some factors that could exhibit the driver’s frustrations are traffic jams, loud noises, a disgruntled mood before driving, and annoying passengers. To prevent road rage from happening, the driver should be in a good mood, the passengers should understand they should be well behaved, and should leave earlier so that they have a smaller risk of getting caught in traffic.
Psychoanalysis can be used to determine the cause of road rage by looking at a person’s dreams and childhood. By examining the dreams, you may be able to find out if the person had an upsetting dream and could possibly put the driver in a bad mood, which could cause him to experience road rage. You could ask the person about the kind of childhood he or she had. If the person had a violent parent or a parent who experienced violent outbursts, the driver may have thought that that was an acceptable way to act. Using free association, you could give the person a word that is traffic related and ask them what comes to mind by learning about their dreams and their childhood, you may be able to gain some insight and see what caused the road rage.
Within the context of humanism, you would need to get the person to examine the reality of the road rage episode and how they behaved and the ideal way they should have acted in the driving situation. You would have the person break down the problem and they could tell you that they were on their way to the market when someone suddenly veered into their lane, which upset the person and they became aggressive towards the other driver. Once they have determined what the problem is, acting aggressively while driving, you could then have the person explain how they really would have handled the situation in a perfect world.
From a neurobiological point of view, you would want to find out if there were mental or health issues that played a part in the road rage. You could do a psychological examination to see if they had depression, bipolar, or any other mental disorder that could cause a violent reaction to a traffic incident. If it turns out that here is a chemical imbalance caused by depression or another mental disorder, then you could prescribe medications to help the person manage their behavior.
Helping a fellow student who has dropped all of their books down the stairs
Using behaviorism, you would examine what is happening at that time, who was involved, and what other factors in the surrounds are. An example of this could be a small, weak looking girl could have accidentally dropped her books down the stairs. A boy was late to class and would walk past her, but he sees a teacher and doesn’t want to leave a bad impression on the teacher by ignoring the school’s “above the line” rules, which tell students to help each other in any ways they can, so he goes and helps her pick up her books.
Psychoanalysis can be used to look at a person’s dreams and childhood. They could be asked if they had any childhood memories of dropping books and having no one help the person pick them up. Using this information, you could see why the person would help another student pick up their books, because they didn’t want the other student to feel the same way they did when no one helped the person. Looking into the dreams the student may have had could also show if they had a dream where they helped another student and received thanks from the student who dropped their books. The person may have wanted to have the dream become a reality by receiving thanks by helping the other student pick up the books.
Using humanism, you could get the person to examine the reality of what it would feel like if someone had dropped their books and no one helped the student, and how the student felt when no one helped pick up the books. You could have the person break down the problem into how they felt when no one helped the student, and how they might have felt if someone did help them. Once they have determined what the problem was, not helping the student pick up their books, they could have them explain how they really would have handled the situation.
From a neurobiological point of view, there is nothing in their genetics; there are no organic problems; no chemical imbalance; and no genetic problems with empathy. The person was just trying to be nice to the student who dropped their books, so the person helped the student.
A new student not wanting to join in any activities at their new school
The environment surrounding the student may be uninviting for school activities. An example of this could be having a dance, but it is crowded, dimly lit, teachers could be watching you dance, and the other students might look like they don’t want to dance. The student would not want to join in the school activity because it does not look inviting. Another possible factor could be if the person was feeling depressed. If the person was depressed, he or she would not want to engage in the activity.
Using psychoanalysis, you could determine if the person had a suppressed memory or bad childhood that dealt with a school activity. The person might not want to attend the event because it might have been a painful time for him or her. The person could also have had a possible dream in which the school activity does not turn out well. If the dream shows the school activity not turning out well, then the student might not want to go to the school event.
Through humanism, the person could examine the reality of the school activity and see why they do not want to go to the activity. The person could break down the problem to see what the exact reason as to why they don’t want to go to the school activity is. Once the person sees the exact reason to why they don’t want to go to the school activity is, they can determine what it would be like if the event turned out how they want it to be.
Through neurobiological psychology, you could determine if the person has a mental health issue such as depression, which would explain the lack of interest in going to school activities.
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