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Protocol Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Group Discussion Protocol

As reported by Fahy 2007 in the article found online this is a group that was established in Pennsylvania to support and initiate the use of modern technology equipment and facilities in the health care systems in Pennsylvania in handling of chronic diseases and the care of patients with chronic diseases. The members of the group include Marion Cowan, Bonnie Snyder, Miriam Lockhart, Pierina Debellis and Geri Carey. The group was formed by the governor of the state of Pennsylvania. Stages of development of chronic care committee According to Levi (2001) groups undergo several stages while the members try to achieve their group and personal goals and objectives. In analyzing a group like chronic care committee the five basic stages…

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

Abstract This paper examines the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, DHCP, which offers an easy way to manage IP addresses dynamically, by using time-sharing principles, for class A, class B and class C networks. In today’s world the IP addresses are perceived to be in shortage, due to the boom in the popularity of the Internet Protocol. The shortage can also be attributed to the steep rise in the number of PCs connected to networks, due to the rapid decrease in the cost of desktop PCs. Hence, companies are trying to get the maximum utility for the each IP address they have, by using DHCP (Miller 558). DHCP also helps in the assigning of IP addresses in large complex networks, where…

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

This paper is a research on different aspects of Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP). The introduction provides background information on TCP/IP protocol suite and the need for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP). This is followed by a section that defines and discusses Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP). Technical aspects of DHCP are also discussed in the paper as well as the kind of information provided by the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server. The methods used by Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server to allocate IP addresses are discussed, followed by a conclusion that sums up the entire paper. Introduction The current growth of the need for communication and information sharing has led to the increase in networking. This is what has…

Sky x technology

XTP is a reliable, real-time, lightweight transfer1 layer protocol being developed by a group of researchers and developers coordinated by Protocol Engines Incorporated (PEI). [1,2,3 ] Current transport layer protocols such as DoD’s Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)[4] and ISO’s Transport Protocol (TP)[5] were not designed for the next generation of high speed, interconnected reliable networks such as FDDI and the gigabit/second wide area networks. Unlike all previous transport layer protocols, XTP is being designed to be implemented in hardware as a VLSI chip set. By streamlining the protocol, combining the transport and network layers and utilizing the increased speed and parallelization possible with a VLSI implementation, XTP will be able to provide the endto-end data transmission rates demanded in high…

Data communications system

1.Message. 2.Sender 3.Receiver. 4.Transmission medium. 5.Protocol. Q1-11) Why are protocols needed? To achieve end-to-end delivery of data. Q-17) Explain the difference between an Internet draft and a proposed standard? – An Internet draft is a working document (a work inprogress) with no official status and a six- month lifetime. – A proposed standard is elevated to draft standard status after atleast two successful independent and interoperable implementations. Q2-5) A host communicates with another host using the TCP/IP protocol suite. What is the unit of data sent or received at each of the following layers? a. application layer:Message b. network layer:Datagram c. data-link layer:Frame Q2-12) When we say that the transport layer multiplexes and demultiplexes application layer messages, do we mean…

Research Paper NT1430

When it comes to IPv6 there are a lot of topics that can be discussed. It will change the Internet forever as we know it. IPv4 is the fourth version of protocol using a 32 bit address space whereas IPv6 will be using 128 bits of hexadecimal addressing to allow for drastically more addresses. Currently IPv4 allows roughly 4,294,967,296 possible addresses and with the current allocation practices it limits the number of public address to a few hundred million. In contrast, the 128 bit address space that IPv6 uses can provide roughly 3.4 x 1038 possible addresses. The sheer size of the IPv6 address allows for the subdividing of the address into a hierarchical routing structure that in turn can…

Translating a Letter

An electrical signal, which runs through the copper wire found inside, covered with aluminum foil to prevent interference. One electric pulse will represent 1 and the absence 0. A 01000001 The coaxial transmits an electrical signal, which runs through the copper wire found inside, covered with aluminum foil to prevent interference. One electric pulse will represent 1 and the absence 0. The light produced by diode or laser, travels through the core due to the reflection occurring on the cover, light on will represent 1 and off 0. These WIRELESS do not require wires to transmit signals, but use radio or infrared to send packets (data set) through the air. OSI Model Application Layer: Provides or serves as the window…

Unit 5 Assignment1: Securing Windows Media Services

Special notes: Multicast streams are broadcast on IPs specified by the Windows Media Administrator within the following range: 224.0.0.1 to 239.255.255.255. The UDP port used for multicast streams is specified by the Windows Media Administrator and falls within the following range: 1 – 65000. Stream type: UDP unicast stream Protocols used: UDP and TCP Ports used: TCP-1755 and a UDP port within the following range: 1024 – 5000 Special notes: When using UDP streams, the client first makes a connection to the Windows Media server using TCP port 1755. After this connection is established, the client and the server choose the UDP port that will be used by the server to stream the Windows Media content down to the client….

The Importance of a Defense In-depth Approach to Network Security to Provide Protection Against Internal and External Attacks and Vulnerabilities White Paper

Modern distributed data communication systems are comprised of hardware and software that facilitate the creation, manipulation, and transmission of data across multiple computers, networks, and servers. With so many components that make up these complex systems come numerous vulnerabilities that can be exploited to compromise the integrity or availability of the data they were designed to support. These multiple attack vectors require a multi-tiered defense strategy, known as defense in-depth (Stewart, Tittel & Chapple, 2013). Data communication networks have multiple ingress and egress points throughout the design where data enters and leaves the network. These boundaries exist between different segments of a corporate network. One such boundary is between the network backbone and the remote sites. Other examples are between…

Protocol numbers

Protocol numbers are used to configure firewalls, routers, and proxy servers. In Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4, Request for Comments [RFC] 791I), the protocol number can be found in the Protocol field of an IP header.ICMP Echos are used mostly for troubleshooting. When there are 2 hosts which have communication problems, a few simple ICMP Echo requests will show if the 2 hosts have their TCP/IP stacks configured correctly and if there are any problems with the routes packets are taking in order to get to the other side ICMP Echo Information Type Name Reference Echo Reply [RFC792] Codes No Code 1 Unassigned [JBP] 2 Unassigned [JBP] 3 Destination Unreachable [RFC792] Codes 0 Net Unreachable 1 Host Unreachable 2 Protocol…

Reconnaissance and Probing Using Zenmap

Overview Hackers typically follow a five-step approach to seek out and destroy targeted hosts. The first step in performing an attack is to plan the attack by identifying the target and learning as much as possible about it. Hackers usually perform an initial reconnaissance and probing scan to identify IP hosts, open ports, and services enabled on servers and workstations. In this lab, you planned an attack on 172.30.0.0/24 where the VM server farm resides, and used the Zenmap GUI to perform an “Intense Scan” on the targeted IP subnetwork. Note: These forms have been formatted to allow you to complete the form online and save it using Adobe Reader. You may experience problems with either or both of these…