Explain what is meant by Diversity Diversity means differences between individuals according to their nationality, age, culture, ability, race, sexual preference and religion Equality Equality means fairness and justness of individual rights, giving choices and opportunities in respect of individual needs Inclusion Inclusion means involving everybody, empowering individuals, encouraging choice and providing opportunities according to need What are the potential effects of discrimination on individuals Discrimination could potentially damage a service users self-esteem and their ability to develop and maintain a sense of their own identity How would you challenge discrimination if you discovered it in your care setting If I discovered discriminatory behaviour, I would question the person discriminating against the service user and suggest ways in which the service user could be included in the activity. If this did not work, I know how to report my concerns and trust my manager to review and develop policies and procedures accordingly. How does inclusive practice Promote equality If you are including the person in whatever you are doing, you are treating them as a person, a unique being and not letting their disability preclude them from joining in with every activity that they are able to do, within their capabilities. Support diversity Allow people to be individuals and value their differences.
Activity 2 (2.1, 2.2,) For each of the terms below Equality Diversity Discrimination Name the legislation that relates to this subject All of the above are now covered by the Equality Act which came into force on the 1st of October 2010. This combines lots of separate pieces of legislation into one single Act and provides a legal framework to protect the rights of individuals and promote equality of opportunity for all. They are also covered by the Human Rights Act 1998, most provisions of which came into force on 2 October 2000. This guarantees the following rights The right to life. The right to freedom from torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. The right to freedom from slavery, servitude and forced or compulsory labour. The right to liberty and security of person. The right to a fair and public trial within a reasonable time. The right to freedom from retrospective criminal law and no punishment without law. The right to respect for private and family life, home and correspondence. The right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. The right to freedom of expression.
The right to freedom of assembly and association. The right to marry and found a family. The prohibition of discrimination in the enjoyment of convention rights. The right to peaceful enjoyment of possessions and protection of property. The right of access to an education. The right of free elections. The right not to be subjected to the death penalty. Identify the code of practice that covers this area The Code of Practice for Health and Social Care Workers covers this area, the principles of which are Commitment to equality, diversity and human rights values. Promoting equality, diversity and human rights in decision making. Advancement of equality, diversity and human rights. Monitoring equality, diversity and human rights performance. Commitment to equal access and open standards. Give an example from your organisational policy of how you apply the code in practice We do not have a specific Policy on Equality, Diversity or Discrimination, but the principles of these are embedded in all our Policies and Procedures.
For example, our Policy on Maintaining Privacy and Dignity recognises that most interactions between employees and their service users demonstrate some form of dependence upon the employee, obligations exist therefore to ensure that a code of conduct is observed which ensures that all actions undertaken are the express wishes of the service user are conducted in such a way that the service user does not feel undervalued or inadequate protect privacy and dignity promote respect between the employee and the service user Service users Rights must be respected at all times. Service users have the right to Have their needs properly assessed and to have those needs met on a consistent basis, and to a defined level of quality Receive written information about the care they are receiving, together with its cost Exercise an appropriate degree of control over their lives Make informed choices and take decisions Make a complaint about any aspect of the service they are receiving Receive care, attention and services on an equal basis with all others Be protected from any abuse or conduct which is detrimental to their well-being and health Privacy Be treated in a manner which promotes dignity, well-being and understanding. Our Policy states that We will make every effort to ensure that the rights defined above are met on a consistent basis, that employees are adequately trained in, for example, Protection of Vulnerable Adults (POVA), and will include representative Quality Statements in its Quality Assurance Programme.
Our Handover Policy states that all records will be factual, accurate, jargon-free and non-judgemental in their reporting. How does it affect your work role We look at the client as an individual and do not treat her any differently to any other person. We will also protect her from discrimination by others according to the principles outlined in the Human Rights Act. Case Study Using the following situation, describe how you would put the service users interests at the centre of care. A service user has recently been admitted to the care home where you work. She originates from Bangladesh, but has lived locally with her son and his wife for several years. She does not speak or understand much English, as she has never felt the need or had the opportunity to learn the language. She is in the early stages of dementia, and is unable to understand what is happening to her. She lacks awareness of why she cannot live with her son any more. He feels he can no longer cope with her at his house and feels guilty because she is now in a residential home. His cultural background is one where there is an expectation on the oldest son to look after his family, which he is unable to fulfil. He comes on a regular basis to see his mother, but when he is not there she will not eat, drink or let anyone do anything for her.
How can you ensure that She is not discriminated against She is treated equally All her needs are met I would treat her the same as everyone else, so that she does not feel discriminated against. In the above scenario, it would be important to learn some key words in her own language to help her to understand what is being requested of her so that she does not feel so isolated. We would need to ensure that her needs are met according to her cultural background, this may involve asking for help from her family to ascertain what support is required and how staff can make her feel more at home and also to find out if she has a particular faith and maybe invite the faith leader and members of the congregation to spend some time with her.
We would need to make sure that she still has full access to her family. If there is a member of staff that she can relate to, ensure that she has some time with her. Ask the family to attend as often as practicable and maybe invite some of her friends in to spend some time with her. Ascertain whether she has any favourite foods that she will eat. Try to involve her in the activities of the home and ensure she is included, whilst recognising that she is different ensure she has the same opportunities as everyone else.