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Programming Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Introduction to programming

As this course is titled “Introduction to programming”, therefore it is most essential and appropriate to understand what programming really means. Let us first see a widely known definition of programming. Definition: “A program is a precise sequence of steps to solve a particular problem.” It means that when we say that we have a program, it actually mean that we know about a complete set activities to be performed in a particular order. The purpose of these activities is to solve a given problem. Alan Perlis, a professor at Yale University, says: “It goes against the grain of modern education to teach children to program. What fun is there in making plans, acquiring discipline in organizing thoughts, devoting attention…

Programming languages and the real world

Programming language are the sets of instruction which are used to create computer programs and software. This language also instructs the hardware what to do and respond to when there’s an action from the operator. Programming language can be classified as follow; applicative programming language, declarative programming language, domain specific programming language, object oriented programming languages, first-fifth generation programming languages, high and low level programming language. JAVA Is a programming language developed by the SUN Microsystems. It was formerly called OAK which was designed for handheld devices. OAK failed in 1995 so the company had to change it name to JAVA. They then modified the programming language to take the full exploration of the World Wide Web. It’s an object…

Educational Goals

I am working toward a Bachelor’s degree in Interactive Media Design. I chose this because it combines two things that I am highly interested in – technology and creativity. I also researched the percent increase in jobs in the field over the past few years, which was higher than several other programs I looked into. After taking a few classes at Eastern Illinois University in Management Information Systems, I decided that computer programming and networking was not for me. I was not very good at networking and I did not enjoy programming. However, there was one class that seemed to be a lot different than all the other ones I was taking. It was an Information Presentation class where we…

Computer programming

1. What common programming language statement, in your opinion, is most detrimental to readability and why do you think that? The go to statement in my opinion can be the most detrimental to program readability, because it makes it difficult to keep track of where the program has been and will go during debugging. Extensive use of go to statements make it difficult to impossible to keep the program code in a top down format. 2. How does the distinguishing between upper- and lowercase in identifiers affect the three criteria? The affect to readability can be positive when it is used in conjunction with a cohesive programming technique. The use of upper case letters to help certain types of identifiers…

Programming Paradigms

This style of programming was brought as a result of lines of code being too long, thousands of lines of code were needed for one program. The procedural approach of programming was introduced that would break down these lines of code into block of around 10 lines of code, these blocks were used to carry out specific functions for the overall program. These functions are procedures hence the name of this style of programming was called Procedural Programming. In procedural programming a program would be built by writing these functions/procedures and calling upon them when you need them to perform a function in the program. An example of procedural programming is a scoreboard for a football tournament where the winning…

Early Pascal Compilers

The first Pascal compiler was designed in Zurich for the CDC 6000 series mainframe computer family. Niklaus Wirth reports that a first attempt to implement it in Fortran in 1969 was unsuccessful due to Fortran’s inadequacy to express complex data structures. The second attempt was formulated in the Pascal language itself and was operational by mid-1970. Many Pascal compilers since have been similarly self-hosting, that is, the compiler is itself written in Pascal, and the compiler is usually capable of recompiling itself when new features are added to the language, or when the compiler is to be ported to a new environment. The GNU Pascal compiler is one notable exception, being written in C. The first successful port of the…

Machine Language

1- Machine independent languages The high level programming languages are machine independent, which means they don’t rely on specifications of a particular machine. Brookshear (2012, p.242) indicate that “Since the statements in a third-generation language did not refer to the attributes of any particular machine, they could be compiled as easily for one machine as for another”. Since machines can understand and execute instructions written in machine language, then a program has to be machine-specific, although the program source code language may be machine-independent, but the compiler target specific machine output. Brookshear (p.243) “A program written in a third generation language could theoretically be used on any machine simply by applying the appropriate compiler”. The pros of compiling code into…

The Role of Itil

1. Within an IT support help desk environment, describe the role of ITIL standards in the provision of quality IT service management. An ITIL Service Desk uses a standard set of best practices for lowering costs and improving the quality of IT service delivery. The aim of a Service Desk is to act as the operational interface between the IT organization and its customers, for achieving an organization’s goals. An ITIL Service Desk isn’t only concerned with taking and responding to calls, but also managing the entire lifecycle of the request as it evolves through other relevant processes. For example, a call may start as a simple incident which may then turn into a problem which is also related to…

C++ Programs

1. Write a program program in C++ to find the square of the numbers from 1 to 10 using : (a) for loop (b) while loop(c) do-while loop The output of the program should be in the following format: NumberSquare ……………… 2. Write a program in C++ that calculates the value of π from the infinite series [pic] Print a table that shows the value of π approximately by 1 term of the series, by two terms, by three terms, etc. How many terms of this series do you have to use before you first get 3.14? 3.141? 3.1415?3.14159? 3. Write a program in C++ to find the sum of the first 20 terms of the following series sum =…

The Esoc Board

As mentioned in Lecture 3 and the textbook, most logic circuits today are built using programmable logic devices (PLDs). These devices allow circuits to be built directly onto single chips, without the need for interconnection of separate, single purpose ICs. The eSOC II (electronic System-on-a-Chip) board is designed to allow a direct interface between the Quartus II software and the Altera Cyclone II EP2C8 FPGA. The board provides an interface to the chip, along with supporting interface hardware. Details about the construction and use of the eSOC II board are available in the eSOC II Users Guide supplied with the board. The following is a summary of data taken from that Guide. The eSOC II board is shown in Figure…

Critical Analysis of Traditional and Agile Project Management

INTRODUCTION Project is an effort taken to build something unique within a specific period. (PMBOK, 2004: 20). This means that a project has a starting and an ending which has to be completed within the specified time. For a project to be completed within time limit and with little or no flaws, a plan has to be put in place so as to get a desired result. Project planning is the determination of the progress of a project to be carried out in a serial manner. (Successful Project Management, 2011: 57). Project planning is very essential in managing a project and will be discussed in detail specifically in traditional and agile project management which is the two major project management…

Statement of Purpose

An unusual tension that once prevailed over a studio audience was so strong that even the sound of a person swallowing his saliva could possibly be heard. Everyone was paying attention to a TV show hostess, a nationally-popular auctioneer. Her voice was a bit trembling in spite of an obvious effort to maintain a dignified composure. Pointing at an inventor, she shouted, “Congratulations! Tonight’s winning bid is ? 15 Billion! ” It was the moment when Mr. Kim Sungwook’s simple idea, once adjudged as of low business feasibility, emerged as a winning idea of commercial value by the Evaluation Analysis Advisory Committee of the TV Program. It was also the moment for me, a patent attorney, to reaffirm the importance…

Linear Programming

Integer Programming is a mathematical approach which maintains that the solution of any mathematical problems should be in terms of whole numbers or integers. The purpose of integer programming is to find a nearest whole number solution to the Linear Programming (LP) problem within the constraints imposed. For example, the decimal solutions like 30. 5 tables, 3. 96 cars, 9. 25 chairs or 2. 66 persons may be realistic without violating the constraints of problem; however, simply rounding off the values to the nearest integer would not produce a feasible solution. Integer Programming can be considered as part of LPM or Linear Programming Models. LPMs seek to minimize or maximize the variable which is subjected to constraints or limitations. The…

Famous Creative Thinkers

In this assignment there are several great creative thinkers to choose from for completion. After reading through the list James Hal Cone and Grace Hopper became the choices. The reasoning was these individuals were so different in their paths of success, or for better word accomplishments. Both are extraordinary people; however their journeys are profoundly different, however both are instrumental in worthy contributions in society and the world. Throughout this paper we will uncover and discover Cone and Hopper purpose, passion, and for one even pain. James Hal Cone was born August 5, 1938 in Fordyce Arkansas, to Charles and Lucy Cone. Early in Cone childhood he was introduced to religion and had a strong spiritual guidance. James was an…

Recommending a Low-Cost Customer Service

Executive Summary Acme De Mexico’s Manager has requested assistance in developing a minimum cost daily assignment schedule for the customer service employees in their newly built store. Specifically, he wants to know the minimum total cost per day, which is the decision variable. He also wants to know the exact amount of part time and full time employees which will determine the total cost. The objective function is to minimize costs. Acme specified a minimum number of employees required for each shift, a maximum number of employees per shift, specific shifts for full time and part time workers, and a maximum percentage of 50% of the total hours for part time employees. These constraints were input into Microsoft solver, which…

Quain Lawn and Garden, Inc. Case Analysis

After a false retirement Bill and Jeanne Quain realized their destined action in the plant and shrub business. The need for a high-quality commercial fertilizer prompted the innovation of a blended fertilizer called “Quain-Grow”. Working with chemists at Rutgers University, a mixture was constructed from four compounds, C-30, C-92, D-21 and E-11. Specifications (i.e constraints) for the mixture demanded that Chemical E-11 must constitute for at least 15% of the blend, C-92 and C-30 must together constitute at least 45% of the blend, and D-21 and C-92 can together constitute no more than 30% of the blend. Lastly, Quain-Grow is packaged and sold in 50-pound bags. The objective of this analysis is to determine what blend of the four chemicals…

The world of programming

In the world of programming today, open source is one world that has made a great impact all around the world. Programmers all over the world have two completely different schools of thoughts. One of them states that the technology should be easy to use, and less functions that can be programmed easily, whereas on the other hand, second school of thoughts propose that there has to be high amount of flexibility regardless of the fact, how much the programming or coding scenario gets complex. The open source refers to the technology that has all the ingredients taken in a programming language disclosed, or in other words a programmer discloses what he has performed during his development of software. The…

Process and Outcome Evaluations

Process Evaluation delves into the growth and execution of each specific program. This demonstrates whether or not the outcomes of calculated targets and executed strategies have been completed and are successful. This type of evaluations is usually implemented towards the end of a task, while assessing the program from beginning to end, as well as determining the association of cause-and-effects between the building blocks of the program, along with the outcomes. By using this form of evaluation, the organization will be able to determine the outcome of a program, such as if it needs to be refined, continued, made larger, or last case scenario, be eliminated altogether. Outcome Evaluation will give an estimation of changes that have occurred, as well…

Research Methodology

This chapter includes research method, setting of the study, subject of the study, source of data, procedure of the study, project design, hardware and software requirements and statistical treatment. Research Method The researchers used the descriptive method together with the developmental research to come up with desired system. Descriptive research is concerned with the description of data and characteristics about a population. The goal is the acquisition of factual, accurate and systematic data that can be used in averages, frequencies and similar statistical calculations. Descriptive studies seldom involve experimentation, as they are more concerned with naturally occurring phenomena than with the observation of controlled situations. [1] The researchers believes that the descriptive method of research is appropriate for their system…

Thesis about computer engineering

1.1 Background of the Study Knowing the status of the academic performance of a student at the end of the semester will save time, money and the anxiety of the students. In this generation of information technology, computer is considered the lifeblood of society. This technology has changed the ways of life work and the times. The technology, both in hardware and software, keeps changing, day in and day out, improving its performance. This is because as the latest knowledge of development in computer technology grows, the people’s standard increases; as the technology improves, the human standardize itself increases. They seek for better and more efficient ways to accomplish difficult task. At this time, a person has adopted the modern…

Advanced Web Programming

The objective of this program is to develop a graphical user interface that will convert the entered number which is in Fahrenheit to its equivalent value in Celsius. Aside from this, conversions like from Inches to Miles and Quartz to Cubic Feet is also included in the program. All screenshots are shown in the succeeding figures below. The development of a program which basically covers on various conversion types takes only a number of processes. The conversions involve are Fahrenheit to Celsius, Inches to Miles and Quartz to Cubic Feet. For Fahrenheit to Celsius, a value in Fahrenheit is subtracted by 32 and multiplied by 5/9. For inches to miles, a number in inches is divided by 12 since there…

Employer – Employee Relationship

Little Lamb Company needs an additional programmer for a special project. The company enters into a contract with Mary to complete this project. Just as the project is nearing completion, initially an independent contractor as she had a high degree of control over how the work is accomplished, and enters into a contract with the company a new need arises for her services. She is asked to continue with the company to complete the new project. While completing the new project, the supervisor begins working more closely with Mary and requires her to use company materials and equipment while adhering to company work schedules. Mary seems to be moving toward an “at-will” employee position, because she appears to have less…

Java Calendar Tutorial

Introduction This tutorial is designed to provide you with an understanding of the Java Calendar class, it’s backgrounds, purpose and uses. It is created in such a manner as to allow even beginning Java programmers an understanding and feel for the uses of the Java Calendar class. The Java Calendar class was added to the Java Development Kit in JDK 1.1. It is designed to permit the conversion between a specific instance in time and a set of Calendar fields. (Oracle, 2004, 2010) What exactly does this mean? The Calendar class uses a huge array of tables to keep track of time based on daylight savings time, timezones, and calendar history, the calendar class uses a system time to determine…

Robot Operating System (ROS)

I have visited the Industry Academia Cooperation Fair on last Thursday and Friday. I had a good experience there and improved a lot of knowledge from it. These are some pictures in this exhibition. 1. Research about ROS I think the lecture TORK(Tokyo Opensource Robotics Kyokai Association) provided is very interesting and significant, which talked about ROS(Robot Operating System) in details. 1.1 Introduction of ROS Robot Operating System (ROS) is a collection of software frameworks for robot software development, which provides standard OS services, such as hardware abstraction, low-level device control, implementation of commonly used functionality, message-passing between processes, and package management. Running sets of ROS-based processes are represented in a graph architecture where processing takes place in nodes that…

Review of related literature about billing system

Create editable sequence diagram with Rational Software Architect Create editable sequence diagrams with Rational Software Architect What’s new in Rational Software Architect 8.5 and Design Manager 4 beta Notice the wording in my statement above: “Adopted 2.0 Draft Specification of UML.” It is true that the specification is still in draft status, but the key is that the Draft Specification has been adopted by OMG, a consortium that does not adopt new standards until they become pretty solid. There will be some changes to the specification before UML 2 is completely adopted, but these changes should be minimal. The main changes will be in the internals of UML–involving features typically used by software companies who implement UML tools. The main…

Hotel Reservation System

I – Introduction A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging on a short-term basis. The provision of basic accommodation, in time past, consisting only of a room with a bed, a cup board, a small table and washstand has largely been replaced by rooms with modern facilities, including en-suite bathrooms and air conditioning or climate control. The cost and quality of hotels are usually indicative of the range and type of service available. Due to the enormous increase in Tourism worldwide during the last decades of the 20th century, standards, specially those of the smaller establishment, have improved considerably. Hotels are independently assessed in traditional systems and these rely heavily on the facilities provided. Today, most of the…