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Principles of infection prevention and control Essay

The Public Health (Control of Diseases) Act 1984. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Regulations 1992, Controlled Waste Regulations 1992, Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999, The Food Safety Act 1990 and also the Food Safety Act (General Food Hygiene) Regulations 1995. The Public Health (Control of Diseases) Act 1984 states that doctors in England and Wales are obligated to make a ‘Proper Officer’ of the local authority aware if they are aware of or suspect an individual is suffering from what is deemed a notifiable disease. The procedure in that scenario to be carried out is that a doctor is required to complete a certificate stating the individual’s personal details such as name, age, sex and also the address of the building where the individual is.

The condition the individual is either suffering or suspected suffering from, the date the condition started and if the building where the individual is located is a hospital the date the individual was admitted to hospital, the location where the individual came from to get to the hospital and an opinion has to be given from the authorised person giving the certificate is the condition was contracted in the hospital. A list of notifiable diseases can be accessed on the Health Protection Agency’s website. In the United Kingdom suspected diseases and diagnosed diseases that have to be reported are bacteria, viruses and various other diseases.

Bacteria diseases consist of: – Anthrax, Botulism, Brucellosis, Cholera, Diphtheria, Encephalitis, Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS), Legionnaire’s Disease, Leprosy, Meningococcal septicaemia/ Acute Meningitis, Paratyphoid fever, pertussis also known as Whooping Cough, Plague, Scarlet Fever, Group A Streptococcal disease, Tetanus, Tuberculosis (TB), Typhoid Fever and Typhus. The virus diseases that mandatory to report are: – Hepatitis, Measles, Mumps, Poliomyelitis, Rabies, Rubella, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, Smallpox, Yellow Fever and Viral haemorrhagic fever. The other diseases that are required to be reported are: – Food poisoning and Malaria. All organisations should keep copies of either the notification certificate or counterfoils from a notification book are securely held and also retained for the recommended minimum period of time as a records management consideration.

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