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Analysis of Bach Fugue in D Minor

Introduction The fugue can be defined by Schulenberg as ‘A contrapuntal composition (or section or movement of a larger work) in which a theme, called a subject, is introduced in one voice and then imitated repeatedly at different pitch levels or in different keys by all of the parts’. The fugue originates from the Renaissance motet, an instrumental piece from the 16th and 17th centuries usually with a title such as ‘fantasy’. Contrapuntal style during this time was used within the constraints of the modal system, but the majority of contrapuntal features and devices of fugue style were still available to these earlier composers such as Corelli and Vivaldi. The earliest use of the word fugue in the 16th century…