Potential Energy is a type of energy that does not involve motion. It is the energy that is stored up. The more work done to change an object’s position or shape, the more potential energy it has. For example, a person on a ladder has more potential energy than a person on the ground because they have done more work to get up there. Kinetic Energy
Kinetic Energy is the energy of motion. The more work an object has done, the more kinetic energy it has. the amount of kinetic energy an object has can be calculated by the formula: KE = 1/2 MV2
It can be defined as the works needed to accelerate an object of a certain mass from rest to its stated velocity. Thermal Energy
Thermal Energy is the energy an object has related to temperature. It comes from all of the energy of the particles in an object. Typically, objects with a higher temperature release more thermal energy than objects with a lower temperature because their atoms and molecules move faster. Within every energy conversion, there is thermal energy emitted.Chemical Energy Chemical Energy is the potential of a chemical substance to undergo a transformation through a chemical reaction. An example would be food that is digested becoming chemical energy or batteries and light bulbs. Chemical energy is released when the energy of a compound changes.
Electrical energy comes from negatively charges electrons. Usually, electrons are transferred through a wire. However, in some cases, such as lightning, electrons are not contained in a wire.