According to population data obtained from many parts of the world, life expectancy is rising. People are living longer on the backdrop of improved health care, good nutrition and the eradication of poverty and other issues that have been in the forefront of undermining longer human life. Longer lives are characterized by a variety of positive and negative effects both on the individual and on the society. In this essay, I explore these effects. On the individual, living longer enables one to experience many joys.
There is the joy of seeing one’s grandchildren and great grandchildren, and pursuing personal hobbies to the latter. One can also pursue business dreams and fulfill other ambitions which would have otherwise been cut short by early death. On the contrary however, long life comes with many challenges. An individual may reach a stage where his or her cognitive spontaneity declines considerably to inhibited unsupported existence. The society benefits from longer living individuals since they have more experience and contribute greatly on building the economy, the society and political systems with tact.
However, at a certain age, old people become unproductive and consume resources without generating any. The elderly also have more health complications, exerting much pressure on healthcare systems and resources. In conclusion, higher life expectancy is a sign of higher human development index. Even though there are negative effects of people living longer lives, these effects are not considered in most cultures. In fact, even the justice system outlaws ageism which is the discrimination against old people on the basis of their age. It is therefore important to encourage ways in which people can live longer.
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