Poseidon, known by many names like Lord of the Seas, Earth-Shaker, Rain-God, Cloud-Gatherer, and Poseidon of the Thunderbolt, The Mighty Poseidon, and the Roman god Neptune. Poseidon was a god who was powerful, decisive, competitive, and dignified. Poseidon is brother to Zeus and Hades. His domain is the sea which he has absolute power, causing storms and tidal waves. When on Earth, his presence causes earthquakes. Even though he had his own personal throne on Olympus, He lived on the ocean floor in a palace made of coral and gems, and drove a chariot pulled by horses, there he rules over the ocean’s entire domain with his court of mermen, mermaids, and Nereids. The other divinities attributed to Poseidon involve the god of earthquakes and the god of horses. The symbols associated with Poseidon include: dolphins, tridents, and three-pronged fish spears. Even with such power, he did attribute to many known events at the time. Making him one of the most well known Greek god.
Poseidon was relied upon by sailors for a safe voyage on the sea. In sacrifice of his honor many men drowned horses. Poseidon was very moody. When he was in a good mood, Poseidon created new lands in the water and a calm sea. Usually, the violent sea storms and rumbling earthquakes would be reflections of his moody personality. He controlled the nature of the seas with the magic of his trident, sometimes whipping the water and currents into frenzies with the staff.
Like his brother Zeus, he fathered many children with other goddesses, nymphs, and mortal women, despite the fact that he was married. However, the sea god and his wife had their fairs hare of children as well, the most notable being their merman son Triton. The young merman often followed his father across the ocean; whenever Poseidon would stir up a fierce sea storm, it was always Triton who would calm the sea winds with a blow from his special conch shell. He also impregnated the Gorgon Medusa to conceive Chrysaor and Pegasus, the flying horse.
The rape of Aethra by Poseidon resulted in the birth of Theseus, perhaps the best known child known as being the great hero who ventured into the Ladyrinth to slay the Minotaur. He turned Caeneus into a man, at her request, after raping her. Another rape involved Amymone when she tried to escape from a satyr and Poseidon saved her. One of the most notorious love affairs of Poseidon involves his sister, Demeter. One of the most popular origins of the horses and other creatures occurred when the great sea god lusted over his sister.
Another infamous story of Poseidon involves him and the goddess of war, Athena; the competition for the city of Athens. To win the hearts of people of the city, Poseidon threw a spear at the ground and produced the spring at the Acropolis. But in the end Athena won, giving the people of Athens the olive tree. In his anger over the decision, Poseidon flooded the Attic Plain. Eventually, Athena and Poseidon worked together by combining their powers.
Poseidon usually used his powers of earthquakes, water, and horses to inflict fear and punishment on people as revenge. Though he could be difficult and assert his powers over the gods and mortals, Poseidon could be cooperative and he also helped the Greeks during the Trojan War. Poseidon is an essential character in the study of Greek mythology.