There is a crisis of national integration in Pakistan since its birth. It is the victim of poor national integration. Lack of integration in Pakistan is fundamental problem and it has been subjected to comment by intellectuals in the country. This has been hitting the head lines of the newspaper. Due to lack of national integration in the country, Pakistan has been pushed to a vicious circle. It has made Pakistan a sorry state of affairs, and a pivot of terrorist’s activities. That has deepened the state of instability and vulnerability to a total break down of state apparatus. This was not the case at first. This nation was the consequence of unity and integrity and its basis Islam. The Quid-i-Azam the father of nation gave the motto to All Indian Muslim League running on in the terms of faith, unity and discipline it has been rather unfortunate that after the death of Quid-i-Azam, the country was left desolate. The national integration was thrown out of the national dictionary.
At this rate, income inequalities, social injustice, political clouts and other evils raised their heads. All of that made national integration fragile. Moreover the present condition of the country is not better as well as it should be. It can be considered as a slip floating on the waves and being tossed directionless. There is lack of consensus on vital national issues in Pakistan. Therefore, provinces hatred does not show the sign of diminution. Sindh, Khyber Pukhtoon Khawa and Balochistan accuse Punjab to be the exploiter for certain reasons, people at federating units have misgivings due to certain issues. Sindh, Khyber Pakhtoon Khawa and Balouchistan do not show an iota of agreement to the construction of Kalabagh Dam. The provinces have dissension between them on NFC award. They have different view points to the division of resources from divisible bridge. There are also certain ifs and buts and hurdles which stand firmly in way of national integration in country. This being so certain respective steps must be taken to bring about national integration in Pakistan.
Education ought to be provided to whether every rich and poor education will supply both with knowledge that how to play an effective part to make national integration possible in the country. Socio-economic justice must be provided to every elite and non elite alike. This will stand to narrow down the wedge between haves and have notes and foster common bond of national integration in Pakistan. To begin with, after the demise of Quid-i-Azam, there has hardly come any leader who would bring the ship of the country on sound lines. Every leader would come here to promote his vested interests. He would encourage his political staff to build economic assets through ill-gotten means. That results in the exploitation of national resources for the personal interests at the cost of national interest. Thus, national integration remains weakened. Similarly income inequalities have been widening the gulf between the rich and poor. There is in Pakistan economic system which generates income inequalities. It makes the rich the richer and the poor the poorer. It strengthens the rich, the elites, who come of the privileged class.
While, it rather weakens the poor who just earn their physical existence. Therefore, economic disparity has weakened the organs of national integration in the country. Moreover, the social injustice, a menace, plaguing the basic existence of the country, leads to the destruction of nation’s social fabrics, has given birth to certain ifs and buts that destabilize national integration. The smaller provinces have developed the sense that they are being deprived from national resources. This has been creating age-old animosities amongst the provinces; social injustice is a panacea of disintegration in the nation. Besides this, military interventions had been posing a great threat to national integration in the country. During the military regime the smaller provinces were deprived from their due rights and privileges and different kinds of ailments rose on the surface. Top of all, the EAST PAKISTAN had seceded from this Pakistan during the military government.
Therefore, the concept of military regime became worse in the nation. The military government could not provide common bond of national integration between the farmer and the now Pakistan. In this wise, lack of judicial freedom had been allowed the military rule wholeheartedly. Various particular decisions had been done out of parliament. Bygone parliament reduced to only rubber stamp. It justified the military regime on the doctrine of necessity. On the sequel, law of jungle was prevailed. All of that has been inherited. Therefore, the word national integration has been thrown out of national dictionary. Furthermore, political instability has widened the gulf between the ruler and the ruled in Pakistan. It has confused the picture of Pakistan and made it retrogressive in all spheres.
Political instability has challenged the national unity in the country. To conclude, water dispute has all along existed between the provinces. It has given a great bite and played a deuce with national integration. The provinces` pound objection on the construction of KALABAGH DAM has detracted the confidence to unity of the country. Moreover, the allegation of Sindh on Punjab for not abiding 1991 water accord has merely added a hurdle in the way of national integration. Similarly, dispute of NFC AWARD between inter provinces has given fuel to the fire. The wings have different view points of their own to the resources from divisible pool. They have developed the sense that they are being deprived from due share of NFC AWARD. This has also brought about a great impede in the way of national solidarity and unity. Last but not the least; socio-economic injustice has created regionalism in the country. The regionalism has separated our organs and distributed the united masses and the classes into meager small holdings. It has developed fractions, groups, and sects working their vested interests.
JEAY SINDH and BALOUCH LIBERATION ARMY etc want separation from the federation. Thus, the question of national integration remains unaddressed and is kept at bottom level. Besides, there is an environment of promotion of self interests, group interests, faction’s interests, sect’s interests instead of national interests, such as personal development personal accumulation of wealth and recognition. Some talk of sindhis, balochis, pakhtoons and Punjabis instead of Pakistani. Therefore, these groups and factions such JEAY SINDH, BALOUCH LIBETION ARMY and other nationalist parties have widened the gulf between provinces and shackles of disintegration have been strengthened forward in the country. Lack of national solidarity, unity and cohesion have not only confused the values for which Pakistan was created but also marred the rhythm of national progress, in turn the nation has become hollow from within in terms of national integration.
At the first, good governance should be restored in order to drive away all the clouds of misunderstandings between the provinces and to make them go through the process and the prosperity. National integration has become the challenge for the very existence of Pakistan in the modern times so that it is the good governance that can gather together the masses and the classes on one platform of unity and integrity. Parliament should be supplied with limitless freedom for its decisions on the confidence of its own. The foundations of a country rest on justice and merit. Justice must be done and seen to be done. Therefore, judiciary should be strengthened to remove clouds of social injustice as a great factor behind the poor national integration.
Education must be circulated from the top most corner to the bottom most corner of the country in order to educate the people about the country and their due rights. Education is the only panacea to change and development. Education should, therefore, have for all as it is the mother of amendment in positive direction. The media of the country has all along been playing its major role in destabilizing national integration. It should aware the multitudes about national integration. Finally, unity in peace and war is so imperative. Bereft of national integration in the modern era our existence in the world is far cry and the enemy forces can separate our organs. In unity lies solution to every little and large problem being in the country, therefore, united we stand against all negative powers of the world that be.