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Policy Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Nike’s Responsibility

1. Should Nike be held responsible for working conditions in foreign factories that it does not own, but where sub-contractors make product for Nike? Yes, but I do not believe that the firm is 100% responsible since it is the sub-contractors who operate and create conditions for workers. Low-cost manufacturing is Nike’s strategy, and it is realized by outsourcing the manufacturing process to cheap labor countries. If Nike were responsible for all of working conditions of workers at sub-contractors’ factories, it would cost more to make shoes. However, I think that Nike should monitor minimum working conditions so that workers will not die from Karachi, which might be lead to a big issue. Some people probably think that designing and…

Economic Effects Of U. S. Sugar Subsidy Policy

Economists have for a long time studied and discussed the various effects of government subsidies and government support for specific industries and markets. In fact, in many colleges and universities, there are specific courses that are dedicated to the effects of public policy to both private and public firms as well as the overall market in which these firms operate in. These economic concepts, in turn, help policymakers make sense of the causes and effects of various incentives that are driven by government interventions to the market. However, as we shall soon discover in the discussion in our paper, even the science and economics have conflicting theories regarding such public incentives and support to industries. In fact, over the decades…

Environmental Science and Policy

The occurrence of rapid economic and political changes could be traced from the post-era of industrial revolution. These changes have brought impact to the environment wherein emerging industrial progress and remarkable growth of population has acquired significant economic resourcing relating to the utilization of the ecosystem. On the other hand, the accompanying trends in the advancement of science and technologies have conquered the law of natural sciences. The expansion of factories, development of industrial machineries and increasing numbers of vehicles has brought in the looming effect of air pollution and other pollutants. Likewise, the exploitative and inefficient utilization of environment depletes the natural habitation of flora and fauna, from which the ecosystem becomes fragile and the forces of Mother Nature…

Indigenous Australians and Familial Belonging

|Nan Dear |Gladys |Dolly | |Matriarch of the family, in her 60s |Nan’s daughter, Dolly’s mother, in her 40s |Daughter, shielded from the truth by Gladys and Nan until her own trauma | |Nan’s focus is on accepting her lot and surviving. Her approach to |Gladys reveres the young queen and ideas of royalty. She’s excited at the |throws her into adulthood | |objects is whether or not they are useful to her in keeping house, |Queen’s visit and wants just to get a look at her. |Proud of her Aboriginality but aware of the differences in society; is | |feeding her family, surviving… |Gladys lives with her dreams that reflect acceptance into white society. She’s|angered by them. | |While…

Social Policy – Putting People First

For this assignment l have been asked to identify and examine a social policy and to make reference to a political ideology of welfare, discuss the contributions of social work, service user and carer’s experiences to the policy document. To achieve this l will discuss ‘Pettigrew’s model of strategic change’ which will help to summarise the key elements considered when looking at any specific policy. (Public Administration & Management, 1999, pp. 494-507) Firstly to discuss the context, the governmental approach with New Labours/Third Way philosophy behind the policy “Putting People First”, the principles and why it was implemented, how this fits with what we know about New Labours commitment to finding solutions to societal issues from a socialist type theorist…

School Policy

The candidate as well as parent responsibilities and their rights are communicated to key stakeholders and the community of the local school district through their collaboration in order to make this message heard. In this kind of situation, candidate and parent would work together with an organization that is heading their association in a community of a local school district. This organization would be the one responsible in informing the key stakeholders and the community of the rights and responsibilities of candidate and parents. There are also times when an effective association or organization is not established. As such, people would work together in groups to communicate with the key stakeholders and community. This kind of process has its advantages…

Economics and Dahlia Furniture Private

On August 1984, Mr. Chua Boon Kang and Mr. Leong Sim Lam bought over Peter Lim’s forty six percent (46%) stake at Dahlia Furniture Private Limited. Although co-owners at one time, Mr. Chua and Mr. Leong have found Mr. Lim’s management of the company to be unsatisfactory. Some reorganization took place as most of the production workers who were doing subcontracting orders solely for Dahlia had resigned due to poor company performance in 1982. Dahlia also sold off seventy five thousand dollars ($75,000) worth of machinery used for mass producing furniture which was previously purchased by a former Managing Director, who has since left the company. Now at the helm, both are uncertain about the long term direction of the…

State Level of Analysis

According to Chittick & Pingel (as quoted in the text), what is important from the state level perspective is how a country’s political structure and political forces and substantial actors within the country cause its government to decide to adopt one foreign policy or another. This is more so given the fact that policy making must occur within the context of a political structure and states are the most important part of that structure. Since the variety involved in the process of Foreign Policy making defies a single-study approach when viewed comparatively, it is apt to look at variables that define that process such as Type of Government, Situation and Policy. Making Foreign Policy – Type of Government The type…

Future Policy

 This report looks at the Los Angeles riots and focuses on consequence and long term implications for African Americans. The report focuses on both the Watts riots of the mid twentieth century and on the LA Riots of 1992, after white police officers were not convicted of beating Rodney King after the whole nation saw the intense and cruel beating, which had been videotaped, and showed King on his hands and knees, still being beaten by four or five officers. The riots that occurred in Los Angeles in 1992 after the verdict of the Rodney King trial were the subject of sustained mass-media focus that continues into the present, and arguably has continued since the Watts riots of 1965, which…

Solving the Byod Problem for the Enterprise

Introduction Enterprise computing, as we know it, is facing a dimensional shift with the widespread diffusion of the BYOD (Bring Your Own Device) phenomenon. BYOD is the latest trend hitting businesses where employees are bringing their own personal mobile devices. Some of these devices include smartphones and tablets which are brought into their place of work, and used on the corporate network for purposes such as accessing files, email servers, and databases. Over the past few years, employees in many organizations are bringing their own personal devices to the work environment to handle business needs. With employees using their own devices, CIOs and IT departments across the nation are frantically trying to keep up with their employees by ensuring their…

The U.S. Foreign Policy during the Cold War

It is true that foreign strategy of the United States during the Cold War (1947-1989) is called containment. This policy can be described as the efforts to stop global political movement toward communist and socialist ideology (the ideology of the Soviet Union) and promote political popularity of democratic ideas dominating in Europe and the United States. That is how it was supposed to create a certain political isolation of the Soviet Union, which would sooner or later bring to a number of various problems, such as political decadence, economic stagnation and so on. In other words, containment was a policy directed on gradual weakening and declining the power of the Soviet Union by preventing the expansion of communist beliefs around…

Agendas and Instability in American Politics

In this book, authors Baumgartner and Jones present an analysis of the nature of the policymaking process and national agenda setting. The authors’ methodology in this study was to conduct an empirical study examining national policy issues over time and then highlight any notable patterns. In the book, the authors develop a political model to account of long periods of stability in policies where entrenched interests are evident, but also times where policy change happens relatively quickly and seems to favor new avenues of influence. The authors utilize a model of evolution known as “punctuated equilibrium,” which was originally developed by paleontologists, to describe the dynamics and patterns of policy change. This process of punctuated equilibrium asserts that the political…

Policy and Example Strategic Planning

Identify and describe what it is about strategic plans that make them difficult to implement. Support your argument with an example Strategic planning: matching organizational objectives and capabilities to the anticipated demands of the environment to produce a plan of action that will ensure achievement of objectives.( Denhardt & Denhardt, 2010) What make strategic plans difficult is trying to plan make a decision that effects multiple people with different beliefs or issues. An example would be immigration reform the us is trying to reform the immigration rules and make a set of laws that effect multiple immigrants but not all immigrants have the same issues or back ground. Some immigrants or here do to no fault of their own, some…

Foreign Policy

This paper seeks to analyze and discuss American Foreign Policy in relation to globalization. This paper will include a review of the history behind the issue being debated and its relevance to American foreign policy and will be followed by a summary of the arguments in favor of the American foreign policy and the last will attempt to make on personal opinion or conclusion on the issues discussed. 2. Analysis and Discussion 2. 1. Review of History on American Policy and Globalization It may be stated that the primary historical process that has affected international relation in the recent past is globalization. Globalization is not a new development; it has been progressing for most of human history Globalization is the…

Foreign Policy in the US

The United States is about to go voting in November this year. Key among the presidential candidates is Barrack Obama, Hillary Clinton and John McCain. The three presidential candidates have outlined their visions and priorities late in November last year immediately they enter the white house. Amongst the priorities the three presidential candidates outlined was that, they opposed the war in Iraq and the outright suffering of the citizens of the United states of America decent during and after the terrorist attacks of the 9/11. Hillary and Obama have the same view over the Iraq war and what they will do in their first day in office. Hillary promised to end the war in Iraq and help in recalling the…

Foreign Policy

The old American credo “liberty at home and in abroad” has been imbibed in the minds of American politicians, way back from the time of the first US President George Washington (1732-1799) who was the Commander-In-Chief of the Continental Army in the revolution of the American Colonies against Great Britain in 1775-1783 (US History. Org. , 2008). Some experts on diplomatic relations believe that the credo has become a “public norm” and has greatly influenced the American politicians, especially those occupying the seats of the Executive, Legislative and Judiciary branches of the US government. Likewise, the ascription to Washington’s pretext on the credo has been assimilated as a far-cry to achieving military victory, like the US military dominance in Iraq….

Foreign Policy Toward Iraqi Refugees

In 2003, the US war in Iraq finally toppled Saddam Hussein’s dictatorial regime and freed the Iraqi people from the bondage of tyranny. However, the re-establishment of democratic processes and the road to achieving peace have led to perdition, as Islamist fundamentalism prevailed during the cultural-religious bestowal even at the time prior to Saddam’s reign of power. The victory of democracy in the installation of a new Iraqi government instilled the shadow of political unrest and extreme economic recession, in which the fall of Baghdad may have been buried in a deep grave. At present, the violence in Iraq is showing no sign of slowing down and majority of the Iraqi people continue to suffer tremendously as documented on this…

Zimbabwe’s Present (Post Z$) Economic Recovery Programmes

Introduction The beginning of 2009 marked the end of over a decade of economic decline in Zimbabwe. The economic indicators decline cut across all key sectors, despite Zimbabwe’s rich resource endowment. Inflation, initially at 100 percent annually between 2001 and 2006, increased to over 1500 percent (McIndoe, 2009). According to IMF estimates, real GDP growth recorded a cumulative contraction of 48% (nearly 5% per year) between 2000 and 2009. Agriculture value added contracted by 86% during the period 2002-2008. Gross national income per capita in 2008 was estimated to be US$360 (compared to sub-Saharan Africa average of US$1,428), making it one of the poorest countries in the world (African Development Bank, 2010). The poverty rate which was already on an…

How Effective Was English Foreign Policy 1515 -1529

How effective was English Foreign Policy by Eniola (Enny) Salau The English Foreign Policy from 1515 to 1528 can often be described as incoherent; this is because the aims of foreign policy from 1515 to 1529 kept altering due to the change in balance of power in Europe. This meant that for England to keep acting as the centre for European affair the foreign policy would have to keep changing. A result of this was that the foreign policy seemed ineffective due to lack of structure, the high costs, and few territorial acquisitions was the traditional opinion on the foreign policy that it was a failure. However with all of these mentioned factors the foreign policy could also have been…

Maritime Policy

Maritime policies are set and managed so as to ensure the safety of ships while on the open seas. Furthermore maritime policies also have control over ports and the policies for docking, shipments, monies, what can be imported or not. Liabilities and values are managed and in some respects so are ethics. The policies are to designate water rights and boundaries. Shipping has inherent risks associated with the trade that needs to have emergency plans in place should something go wrong. There are environmental factors to take into consideration. 1 Add to this list, insurances, warranties and the laws that bind and by far, but not even the least, hazmat with the MSDS sheets of chemicals being transported, inspections, proper…

Federal Indian Policy

When the newly founded United States of America gained its independence from Britain, they were faced with many new challenges. One of their biggest challenges was establishing and building upon their own domain that Britain had transferred at the Peace Treaty of 1783. 1 Of course, this land was still inhabited by Indian peoples. The United States knew that territorial expansion was inevitable and to the Indians, this meant war. Creek chief Hallowing King said, “Our lands are our life and breath. If we part with them, we part with our blood. ”2 This turned out to be a constant changing battle for territorial dominance and an era of changing federal Indian policy. The new America followed British ideas and…

Required Skill-Set and Knowledge of a Successful Policy Analyst in the Ecowas Region

The Policy Process consists of many different and connected parts and is not easily explained theoretically because it involves diverse category of actors; is influenced by experimentation, learning from mistakes, etc; is shaped by discourse and narratives; and is highly political. The policy process focuses on the way that leads to decision making and it has different stages which include, Agenda Setting, Decision Making, Implementation and Monitoring & Evaluation. In short, we can now say that the policy process is the way policy reforms are planned, designed, implemented and evaluated. Explaining the complex policy process requires a policy analyst who is knowledgeable and trained in the field and is able to solve complex policy issues; balance constituents’ need with the…

Policy Study on Informal Settlement

Background of the Study Urbanization is a dynamic socio-economic force which has considerable temporal and spatial variations (Ali & Mustaquim, 2007). In the developed countries of Europe and North America, urbanization has been a consequence of industrialization and has been associated with economic development. By contrast, in the developing countries of Latin America, Africa, and Asia, urbanization has occurred as a result of high natural urban population increase and massive rural-to-urban migration (Brunn and Williams, 1983:4). A slum involves much more than housing, deficient sanitary and hygienic facilities, over-crowding and congestion by which it is characterized (Clinard, 1970). The involvement of the informal settlers is immensely evident in the urban areas. These slums are usually located along the waterways, dump…

Administrative Controls

Administrative controls consist of approved written policies, procedures, standards and guidelines. Administrative controls form the basis for the selection and implementation of logical and physical controls. Logical and physical controls are manifestations of administrative controls. Some industry sectors have policies, procedures, standards and guidelines that must be followed – the Payment Card Industry (PCI) Data Security Standard required by Visa and Master Card is such an example. Other examples of administrative controls include the corporate security policy of Gramm-Leach-Bailey (GLB), which pertains to financial records maintained by brokerages, banks, lending institutions, and credit unions. GLB addresses the need for CIA over the financial records of consumers, and it outlines specific obligations that must be taken by these institutions to protect…

Developing a Web Site Privacy Policy

Software requirements: Web browser software. Word processing software, Electronic presentation software (optional) Dirt Bikes’ management wants to make sure it has policies and procedures in place to protect the privacy of visitors to its Web site. You have been asked to develop Dirt Bikes’ Web site privacy policy. The TRUSTe Web site (www.truste.org) has Model Privacy Policy Disclosures in its Resources for businesses that you can download and review to help you draft Dirt Bikes’ privacy policy. You can also examine specific companies’ privacy policies by searching for Web site privacy policy on Google.ca or using another search engine. Prepare a report for management that addresses the following issues: 1. How much data should Dirt Bikes collect on visitors to…

How to Write a Briefing Document

The policy briefs you will write will be aimed at a particular audience, and should represent that audience’s perspective and reflect its interests. Content The brief should accomplish the following: • Identify the problem and convince the audience of the importance of addressing it. From their perspective, what is important and what is not important? Highlight what aspects of the status quo are relevant to the problem. This should include a full treatment of any underlying technical issues. Identify a solution. This solution should include some course of action to be taken by your audience. Doing nothing is a sometimes valid course of action. Guidelines • • • Tie the audience’s interests to the means and the end. Identify other…

Affirmative action policy

As a very brief background, most authorities date the inception of affirmative action to 1965, when President Lyndon signed Executive Order 11246 (Tomasson, Crosby and Herzberger, 2001). I agree with the article in the sense that the affirmative action policy do not serve the purpose that it was originally intended to serve. Affirmative action has developed to be a divisive policy and one that seeks to replace old-fashion racism and sexism with new reverse-racism and reverse-sexism. Granted, the policy was justified for a time, when the Civil Rights movement exposed the depth of racism in America, but the program has been in place for decades and sends a message to minority groups that they cannot, and never will, compete with…

Benefits Of Family-Friendly Policies

The past few decades, families in Hong Kong faced in undergone major changes, intense pace of life and hard work always affected families’ features. How to balance family life and work have become a social policy, in order to establish a family-friendly community, have implemented various measures to help employees balance their work and family lives, promote family relationship. In this essay, first I will explain these policies how to help with all aspects of employee, and then analysis of these measures on the employment benefit. Finally, pointed out that Hong Kong Government and the enterprises on how to implement these policies. Family-friendly employment may implement different policies to meet the needs of employees. Including the introduction of given family…

Public Policy

In the contemporary society, the world is characterized by freedom of speech and expression and also by a market place of policy ideas waiting to be prioritized or given a legislative action. As explained in detail by Hays (2001), analysis of Public policy debates began by John Kingdon (1984) and reissued in 1995. Kingdon critically examined how specific policies problems solutions become prominent. Looking at the policy making process, Kingdon particularly concentrated on the prediction stage and agenda setting ignoring the politics of how policy choices are made. He argued that many individual through their own means may call for attention on a particular policy issue that need to be changed but at the end of the day it is…

Neighborhood Public Policy

Do you think this scenario represents a public safety or public health issue? Public health issues are any action or event that would jeopardize or cause harm to individuals or families in the community. In the Neighborhood scenario regarding the Young’s family, whose son Marcus has just been hit by a car, which occurred due to speeding in the neighborhood would be considered a public health as well as public safety issue. Mrs. Young contacted her congresswoman as well as had petitions signed in order to have speed bumps placed in the neighborhood streets in order to reduce speeding cars, which could harm as well as jeopardize the health, safety and welfare of people, especially children in the neighborhood. How…