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Plant cell and animal cell Essay

Plant and animal cells have several differences and similarities. For example, animal cells do not have a cell wall or chloroplasts but plant cells do. Animal cells are round and irregular in shape while plant cells have fixed, rectangular shapes.

Animal Cell
Plant Cell
Cell wallAbsentPresent (formed of cellulose)
ShapeRound (irregular shape)Rectangular (fixed shape)
VacuoleOne or more small vacuoles (much smaller than plant cells).One, large central vacuole taking up 90% of cell volume. CentriolesPresent in all animal cellsOnly present in lower plant forms. ChloroplastAnimal cells don’t have chloroplastsPlant cells have chloroplasts because they make their own food CytoplasmPresentPresent

Endoplasmic Reticulum (Smooth and Rough)PresentPresent
RibosomesPresentPresent
MitochondriaPresentPresent
PlastidsAbsentPresent
Golgi ApparatusPresentPresent
Plasma Membraneonly cell membranecell wall and a cell membrane Microtubules/ MicrofilamentsPresentPresent
FlagellaMay be found in some cellsMay be found in some cells LysosomesLysosomes occur in cytoplasm.Lysosomes usually not evident. NucleusPresentPresent
CiliaPresentIt is very rare

Contents: Plant Cell vs Animal Cell
1 Chloroplasts
2 Shape
3 Vacuoles
3.1 Shape and size of vacuoles
3.2 Difference in function of vacuoles
4 Pictures of plant and animal cells
5 Video comparing plant and animal cells
6 Types of plant cells
7 References
Chloroplasts
Plant cells have chloroplast for photosynthesis whereas animal cells do not have chloroplasts. Shape Another difference between plant cells and animal cells is that animal cells are round whereas plant cells are rectangular. Further, all animal cells have centrioles whereas only some lower plant forms have centrioles in their cells. Vacuoles

Shape and size of vacuoles
Animal cells have one or more small vacuoles whereas plant cells have one large central vacuole that can take up to 90% of cell volume. Difference in function of vacuoles
In plant cells, the function of vacuoles is to store water and maintain turgidity of the cell. Vacuoles in animal cells store water, ions and waste.


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