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Piaget Essay Topics & Paper Examples

The Piagetain’s Model: Four Stages of Development

Children begin to develop language as early as infancy. By the time they begin school their language vocabulary has grown tremendously. There are several developmental stages that a child goes through from birth to adulthood. The Piagetian model includes the sensori motor period, preoperational period, concrete operational period and then the formal operational period. Children begin to learn at a very early age. The first stage of cognitive development is sensorimotor period. This stage begins at birth and lasts until about 2 years old (Otto, 2012). It involves the use of motor activity without the use of symbols (Wood, 2012). Piaget believes that in this stage children tend to systematically repeat inadvertent behavior (Seigler, Alibali, 2005). This stage is based…

The work of Lev Vygotsky

The work of Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) has become the foundation of much research and theory in cognitive development over the past several decades, particularly of what has become known as Social Development Theory. Vygotsky’s theories stress the fundamental role of social interaction in the development of cognition Vygotsky, 1978), as he believed strongly that community plays a central role in the process of “making meaning.” Unlike Piaget’s notion that children’s’ development must necessarily precede their learning, Vygotsky argued, “learning is a necessary and universal aspect of the process of developing culturally organized, specifically human psychological function” (1978, p. 90). In other words, social learning tends to proceed (i.e. come before) development. Vygotsky has developed a socio-cultural approach to cognitive development….