During the colonization of the Philippines, the Filipinos lost their freedom. They were being abused by the Spaniards. These are the settings in the Spaniards colonization:
The Filipinos are required to pay a TRIBUTO or TRIBUTE (TAX).
FORCED LABOR is established under the Spaniards government. It is where the male Filipinos 16-60 of age were required to work for the government for 40 days in one year.
They were assigned to build or repair roads and bridges
Sometimes, they would be assigned to work on a shipyards or foundries or to cut timber in the forest. They were also used as soldiers or sailors.
The law required that the worker should be given a nominal salary and to have a free rice rations, but then the officials of the Spaniards government were corrupt and ignored the law.
They pocketed the salaries and the rice rations were distributed to them.
Another burden imposed on Filipinos was the BANDALA.
It is a compulsory sale by the Filipino farmers of their farm products to the Spaniards. This system was being abused also by the Spaniards, their goods were undervalued and in many cases their products were not even paid for.
The Spaniards introduced Western or European system of education wherein the principal aim of the education in the Philippines during Spanish regime was to make the Filipinos obedient to them and to be a god fearing Christians.
Spaniards established many other systems which are only for their own good. The Filipinos became slaves for a long time. They abused the Filipinos. They were also being maltreated by the Spaniards. Others are being killed. By the help of our great men and some Americans, the Philippines became free from the hands of the Spanish. And this is the end of the Spanish regime.
The United States had a different approach in colonizing the Philippines. The Americans considered educating the Filipinos as one of their top priorities in The Philippines. They treated the Filipinos like their friends. These are the settings in the American colonization:
The Americans built schools in the City.
Because the Filipinos were hungry for education, they flocked to public and private schools in large numbers.
They teach English language to the Filipinos. (The American soldiers were the first teachers of the Filipinos.)
They established the Philippine public school system.
It provided for free primary education and the establishment of a school to train Filipino teachers.
They gave the bright young Filipino students an opportunity to take up higher education in American universities and colleges.
They introduced Protestantism (It did not gain wide acceptance maybe because Filipinos were deeply believed in Catholicism).
They also established Aglipayan Church (Independent Church).
The economic development of the Philippines progressed.