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personality Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Narcissism in the Workplace

I. Introduction and Purpose Having an encouraging self-attitude, being self-assured, and having high self-esteem are worthwhile attributes in both work and personal life; some take these positive attributes to the extreme and become self-regarding, self-adoring, egocentric, and show little empathy for the problems and concerns of others. These people can be considered narcissists, and they can be especially problematic in business settings. Narcissists in work organizations, I believe, are more problematic than beneficial. They tend to cause problems in the workplace due to their toxic personalities. The purpose of this research paper is to prove my point that narcissists are more harmful in a workplace environment than helpful. I will point out the failures of companies due to narcissistic leaders….

‘Big 5’ personality traits

For each trait, provide an example of how it might contribute positively to an individual’s performance. 1. Extraversion- A person that is extraverted is someone that is outgoing and full of life. Most people like to think of extraverts as those people in a social group that love to be the center of attention or outspoken. According to Kendra Cherry, writer for About.com and psychology guide, “[e]xtraversion is characterized by sociability, talkativeness, assertiveness and excitability.” (Cherry, 2013, par1) she also explains how, “[a]ccording to researchers, extraversion is associated with leadership behavior. Since extraverts are more likely to assert themselves in groups, it makes sense that these individuals often take on leadership roles when working with other people.” (Cherry, 2013, par6)….

The Black Eye of the Month Club

1. He is bullied a lot by his classmates. He has been unfortunate because of his ‘water in the brain’. His family thinks that his problems are funny and they don’t really think much about him. He was born into a poor family and had a very unusual condition and he is disadvantaged. He has multiple physical problems and he nearly died. The fact that he survives, show us that he is strong and determined. 2. They are biased and irresponsible for their customers. They think that Indians don’t feel as much pain as other races do. They put money and time first instead of the health of the patients. ‘Our white dentist believed that Indians only felt half as…

Criminal Investigation Project

In this generation, all human being have to work to earn for living. However it is not possible for us to be able to do any kind of work. That is why work been divided into physical work and intellectual limitation. An individual’s personality can be exposed through the job that he or she is engaged with. This enables the particular person to improve his/her level of maturation, skills and talents. The most reason that lead psychologist, sociologist, anthropologists, economists is because of the company want a result of earning obtain with giving special attention to human factor, if people are at low level in terms of work value for example lack of skills, knowledge, personality, professional, experience, motivation, everything…

Case Study of Personality Theories

Abdul Hnnan a 12 year old boy, who has been presented with language, academic and behavior difficulties. Hnnan had a traumatic delivery and suffered from hypoxia. Hnnan’s early motor and language milestones were grossly delayed. He sat and crawled at 2.6 years of age and walked after 3 years. His language was delayed and he spoke his first words at 4.6 years to 5 years and in sentences after 5 years. His speech was unclear and could be understood by his parents at age 6 years. However, even now outsiders understood 75% of what he said. His gross motor skills and fine motor skills were poor. He started climbing stairs at 4 to 5 years and started pedaling at 5…

Personal portrait

Erickson hypothesized that the personality of a person develops in universal and observable patterns corresponding to the ways a human fetus develops. 1 He said that trust is developed in infancy. If one has been nurtured with trust around him, a child learns to trust others. Erickson gave emphasis on the mother’s positive and loving care for the child through constant touch. Erickson believed that if one grows with nurturing love and attention, a child will develop the sense of trust with people around him. He will grow up and live life confidently knowing that he is safe. If one may observe, an infant is constantly looking for her mother, he grows anxious and begins to cry if he cannot…

Psychopathy Case Study

Psychopathy is a personality disorder it’s also known as sociopathic personality or psychopathic personality or antisocial personality disorder. Psychopaths can’t be understood in terms of antisocial rearing or development. Sadly they are seen as “Monsters” in our society. They are unstoppable and untreatable predators whose violence is planned, purposeful and even emotionless. The violence continues until it reaches a plateau at age 50 or so then it tapers off. It’s evident when a person has an enduring way of thinking, acting and feeling that is significantly different. It’s a longstanding illness, and inflexible. They act in such a way that’s classed as not socially excepted. There are ten types of personality disorders. Paranoid, Borderline, Schizoid, Schizotypal, Histrionic, Narcissistic, Avoidant, Obsessive,…

Disc Personality Test

Different leadership styles. 2. Theories of leadership and how they are applied. 3. What kind of leader are you. Leadership skills Good leadership skills are essential in your leadership journey as well. A pilot requires psychomotor skills and flying skills to properly fly a plane. He takes years and years to hone those skills to become a master at them so that he can be an expert at flying the plane. Similarly, a leader has his set of skills he has to learn to become an effective leader. Skills have a multiplier effect on your efforts as a leader. For example, have you ever tried hitting a nail into the wall using just a wooden block? Perhaps you didn’t have…

John Holland’s Careers and Personality Types

Psychologist John Holland developed a theory that states a strong link exist between a ones personality and career satisfaction. He called this the personality-type theory. He identified six personality types and their best matches in his career satisfaction theory. These are the Realistic, Investigative, Artistic , Social, Enterprising and the Conventional (organizer).(Witt/Mossler; 2010) I found that I relate most the Social personality type. I enjoy interacting with others and solving their problems. When reviewing the matching career choices for this personality type, I was relieved to find that nursing , which has been my career for 19 years, was listed. Other careers listed included therapist and psychologist, which are the areas I plan to be working in after I complete…

Personality Theory: Albert Bandura & Carl Rogers

Personality is an intriguing component in psychology vital for the perception of human beings. Understanding and defining personality has proven to be a difficult task. It is so complex, in fact, that no single theory can adequately define it. If one was to ask an ordinary individual to do so, some of the most common answers might be “a person’s characteristics” or “the impression (s) one makes on others”. Personality Theorists on the other hand view personality as the essence of the person, the individual’s true inner nature (Rathus, 2004). According to Carver and Scheier (2000), “Personality is a dynamic organization, inside the person, of psychophysical systems that create a person’s characteristic patterns of behaviour, thoughts, and feelings” (p.5). For…

Theories of Personality

Nearly 2000 years ago ‘Persona’ word was used for personality. The word ‘Persona’ means mask or dress up. The meaning of personality by ‘Persona’ word is an outer or external quality of personality. There are thousands of definitions related to personality which are described by Allport (1937). Allport classified these definitions in six groups, but provided an overall definition of personality as “Personality is the individual’s characteristic reactions to social stimuli and the quality of his adaptation to the social features of his environment” (1924) (Adams, 1967). For years now many psychologists have provided the theories of personality. These are psychoanalytical theory by Freud, Reinforcement theory by Dollard and Miller (1941, 1959) (Broody), social learning theory by Bandura, Trait theory…

Theories of Personality

Theories of personality tend to explain what lies beneath the human person. They make us understand why one person is different from the other in terms of behavior, temperament and attitude. They put us in a position to predict the behavior of a person or even actions hence being able to compare and contrast different people depending on their personality. Personality theorists are usually interested with the structure of people. That is, what makes them who they are? Several theories have been put forward to explain human complexity. Of them include the Psychoanalytic theory of personality and the Behavioristic theory. Psychoanalytic theory The psychoanalytic theory is divided into the conscious versus the unconscious mind which asserts that our actions are…

Theories of Personality: Giving in to Peer Pressure

Peer pressure is one of the challenges faced by students everywhere. Students have different reactions towards peer pressure. The personality of the student affects how he or she copes up with this kind of pressure. Likewise, peer pressure can greatly influence the student’s personality and behavior. Many factors can explain why students give in to peer pressure. A student who is unable to resist giving in to peer pressure could mean that he or she unconsciously wants to do want his/her peers are doing. This is according the theory of Early Psychoanalysis. In this theory, unconscious forces are the main determinants of a person’s behavior. A student is driven to give in towards what the peers are doing because this…

Psychology of Personality

Psychology of personality is a branch of psychology that focuses on the study of personality and the individual differences. The main areas of focus are usually looking at individual’s psychological processes, the individual differences and studying how human behavior is similar. Personality is usually defined as well organized and dynamic set of characteristics possessed by a person that distinctively influence the cognitions, behavior in various situations and motivations. Since personality is complex and dynamic, various psychologists have come up with different theories to explain the different personality types. For the purpose of this paper, Freud’s psychoanalytic theory and Jung’s theory of personality shall be used to analyze the personality of a lady friend by the name Ann. Since most people…

Defence Mechanisms in Guajiro Personality and Culture

Defence is all efforts of the ego to render inoperative and instinctual wish or impulse. The instinctual object choice produces neurotic anxiety because it clashes with the superego, which arises from the internalisation of the parent’s moral values. Defences protect the individual from experiencing anxiety either by detaching the forbidden wish from conscious awareness or by distorting or falsifying its true meaning. Several methods were used in collecting data for this study. Structured methods of observation and interviewing were used to gather information relevant to behavioural systems having transtructural significance, such as sex, aggression, and responsibility. Rorschach and TAT tests were administered to supplement these data and to aid in uncovering elements and relationships in the personality that were not…

Stress and Personality Types

It’s now widely accepted that there are three basic personality types. These have the wildly original names of Types A, B and C. We all have elements of each type in our makeup. One, or perhaps two, however, will dominate. It’s very useful to find out which personality type best describes your personality because this can tell you a great deal about how likely it is that you’ll become stressed and, if you do, why and how you’ll handle it. Note: we’ve used “he” throughout this article: please take this to mean “she” as well. Type A The Type A personality traits are impulsiveness, competitiveness and the need to get things, lots of things, done quickly. Type A is always…

Impulse Buying

ABSTRACT – Much of the work on impulse buying has been concerned with defining and measuring the concept. Less effort has been directed toward determining the factors that underlie the tendency to buy impulsively. This study looks at the relationship between impulse buying tendencies and three general personality traitsClack of control, stress reaction, and absorption. Additionally, this study identifies several different types of internal states and environmental/ sensory stimuli that serve as cues for triggering impulse buying. Internal cues include respondents’ positive and negative feeling states. Environmental/sensory cues encompass atmospheric cues in retail settings, marketer-controlled cues, and marketing mix stimuli. Relationships between the three personality traits and specific impulse buying cues are also examined, along with differences among high and…

Sybil Reaction Paper

The story of Sybil transcends the imaginable possibilities of reality and tragedy that may befall to any existent human being. Sybil was a pseudonym used to cover the identity of Shirley Mason, a bright commercial artist who sought professional help from Dr. Cornelia Wilbur after having occasional blackouts and distorted time lapses. Nearly half of her life was spent in psychotherapy with Dr. Wilbur and an author, Flora Schreiber, who documented the case. Raised by a mother suffering from schizophrenia, Sybil was a subject to a sexual and sadistic upbringing. Her father’s apathy and blind devotion to religion also played a huge part in the worsening of the symptoms manifested by little Sybil and Hattie, her mother. Clearly this illustrates…

Personality and Intelligence in a Distance Learning Environment

Individuals tend to be different, to a degree, from one another especially in terms of personality and intelligence. As one may expect, such distinctions may also have an effect upon the task of selecting the most suitable study technique in a distance learning environment. Personally, after completing the personality assessment, I found out that I am best considered as a thinker. Those mainly categorized as such, characteristically approach challenges and tasks through a validity-based approach always emphasizing the need to determine whether a method to be followed is logically plausible or not (Cater, Bishop, & Kravits, 2007). In agreement with this, the result of the intelligence evaluation highlighted the fact that I have advanced logical-mathematical skills while being least familiar…

Personality in Politics: Analyzing George W. Bush

The relationship between personality, experience, and political decision-making has been established in several studies. This has been undertaken using “at a distance techniques” which evaluate the relationship using biographies, speeches, and text from interviews. One of the most prominent names that focused on the predictive ability of personality on political styles and actions of world leaders has been renowned political scientists Margaret Hermann. Hermann lists six factors that influence the impact of world leaders on foreign policy. “1) what their world view is; 2) what their political style is like; 3) what motivates them to have the position they do; 4) whether they are interested in and have training in foreign affairs; 5) what the foreign policy climate was like…

Memo on Team Member Personality Types

I have received direction regarding developing a leadership approach for Team A. Interestingly enough, the team I was given, including myself, is comprised of three ENFP personalities and one ENFJ. In this memo, I will evaluate the two different personality types, evaluate the situation of the team working together and determine leadership approaches. According to the Jungian personality test the team members were given, three team members rated ENFP. An ENFP personality type is described on Truity as “people-centered creators with a focus on possibilities and a contagious enthusiasm for new ideas, people and activities. Energetic, warm, and passionate, ENFPs love to help other people explore their creative potential” (“Personality Types ENFP,” 2014, para. 1). ENFP people are curious about…

Personality Case Study

Personality can be defined as the characteristic ways of thinking, feeling and acting that make a person an individual (Fletcher & Garton, 2007). There are a number of different personality theories that aim to explain an individual’s personality, such as the Learning theory studied by B. F Skinner and the Trait theory studied by Cost and McCrae. By examining these personality theories in relation to a particular case study, it is possible to understand how an individual’s personality is influenced and how it develops. An example of a personality case study is that of Kate, a 20 year old university student. She is described as kind, caring and loyal and prefers watching movies and reading rather than going out to…

Dispositional vs. Biological Theory

Dispositional personality theories are quite different from biological personality theories. The two will be compared and dissected in this article. The Big Five Personality Test will also be analyzed and how it is used to study personality will be examined. Dispositional personality theories contend that each person per certain stable, long lasting dispositions. These dispositions make a person display certain emotions, attitudes, and behaviors. These dispositions appear in many different kinds of situations, which lends the belief that people behave in predictable ways even when they are in different situations. The theory also states that each person has a different set of dispositions, or that their sets of dispositions have different strengths which assembles a unique pattern. There are two…

Crime of their child

The argument here is whether parents play a significant role in the formation of self control towards committing a crime of their child. Well, psychologically, this is still debatable. This is a matter of “nature or nurture”. The problem is whether the child’s personality is influenced by the environment’s upbringing, the genetic composition of the child, or both. We can not merely say that the formation of self-control towards committing a crime is environmentally motivated—which in most cases the parent’s discipline to their children. There are a lot of parentless people out there and are doing well in the society. In fact, some of them are more responsible and self-disciplined. The person’s personality is not merely dependent on how he…

Movie and Personality Theory Analysis

The movie “Joy Luck Club” depicted different characters of women from China who underwent difficulties in their lives. One woman had to bare the scorn of her family for being a concubine, another woman had to leave behind her twins under a tree during World War II because of an illness and later when she died, her daughter met her older twin sisters, these women were made to think that Chinese women should be meek and gentle, therefore, expecting their American born daughters to be the same. The daughters would retaliate about these expectations from their mothers. They have asserted their own identities and stood up for what they wanted for themselves (Wang, 1989). Eric Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development…

“As Good As It Gets” Film

Hollywood film producers and authors of fictional novels destined for the big screen have often given their characters psychological disorders. Producers and writers seek ways to add depth to their characters’ personalities and give them something to struggle against during the course of the story. The average movie-goer does not necessarily have the knowledge to determine if the disorder displayed on the big screen is accurate. To understand the dilemma of the average movie watcher, this paper reviews As Good As It Gets (Mark, Sakai, Ziskin, Producers, 1997) in the context of Melvin Udall, the protagonist, who suffers from at least two psychological disorders. The film followed Melvin Udall, a romance novel author, who exhibits a score of odd behaviors….

The Creative Personality

Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi’s article “The Creative Personality” attempts to achieve the impossible. It seeks to provide a clear definition of the creative mind. Or, more accurately, it looks at the behavior patterns of those who are creative individuals. Through this examination, there is an attempt to record those traits that would be yield a creative personality. Of course, duplicating the actions of creative people will not automatically make a person creative. That is the subtext present in this article. It seeks to show that creativity is really not a skill as much as it is a personality type. Specifically, the article examines ten common traits found in creative people. Of course, creative people are not limited to these ten traits. However,…

The importance of introversion in our society

You might think your quiet classmate who sits in the back of the class is antisocial because he or she prefers working alone and does not socialize a lot. It could be the case that he or she is just an introvert who likes solitude and gets his/her energy from being alone for a while, rather than mingling in crowds. Nowadays our society is full of loud and fast-paced movies, large parties and tasks from school or a job that require enthusiasm and charisma. As a result, at times it seems like extroverts are better suited for this society, seeing that they usually are charismatic and energetic. I intend to prove you wrong though, in my opinion introverts are unbelievably…

New Team Leadership

SUMMARY: Our organization is adding a new department for the company’s strategic plan to enter a new market segment. As the manager for the new department for Team A, one must evaluate each team member to include myself. This evaluation should consist of any current situations that may arise, culture, and any urgent matters. To approach this in a sensible manner, one should use any principles or methodology along with any best practices or guidelines that can assist with coming to any decisions that may need to be made. Prior to arriving at any conclusions, meetings will need to take place with current management and the team to assess the plans put forth. These meetings with management should include a…

Organisational Behaviour – Personalities

Organisation : a group of people working towards the same goal. Human Resource Management : a function in organisations designed to maximise employee performance in service of their employer’s strategic objectives. HR is primarily concerned with how people are managed within organisations, focusing on policies and systems. Organisational Behaviour : studies the impact individuals, groups, and structures have on human behaviour within organisations. It is an interdisciplinary field that includes sociology, psychology, communication, and management. The companies which interest people do better financially. Exercise 1 – Knowing Yourself Who am I: creative, worried, thoughtful, planner, enthusiastic Personality and Individual Differences: Nature and Nurture Fixed in the short run Particularly salient in “weak” situations Organisational Personality Why is Personality needed? For…