sample
Haven't found the Essay You Want?
For Only $12.90/page

Ontology Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Phenomenological Ontology

Heidegger uses the word “Dasein” (which is usually translated as “being-there”) to refer to human beings that are being existent in the world amongst other things. Human beings, on the one hand, can only live in the physical tangible world and since “Dasein” also means “to be there”, “there” then corresponds to the world which human beings encounter in a day to day basis. And for Heidegger, no one can neglect the fact that the world is here, it is everywhere around us. Dasein is where a man can sense he himself is. It is an entity that exists and in which a human being is he himself. Anything that can be called “yoursness” resides in Dasein so long that…

Idealism vs Realism

Idealism in general refers to any philosophy that argues that reality is somehow dependent upon the mind rather than independent of it. More extreme versions will deny that the “world” even exists outside of our minds. Slight versions argue that our understanding of reality reflects the workings of our mind first and leading that the properties of objects have no standing independent of minds perceiving them. In Western civilization, Idealism is the philosophy which maintains that the ultimate nature of reality is ideal or based upon ideas, values and essences and that the so-called external or real world is inseparable from consciousness, perception, mind, intellect, and reason in the sense of precise science. It is also a tradition in Western…

Applications of Augmented Reality

Computer and technologies related to computers have completely changed the face of the world and have made several things possible that couldn’t even be dreamt of. One such feature that computers have brought forward is the formation of a virtual world. Not only can computers help in the development of a virtual world but can even lead to the expansion the reality with different computer related sensory inputs and technologies. The real and existing environment is enhanced with the help of different technologies in real time for providing more information and for enhancing the featuring of the objects in the real world. We would thus discuss different fields and ways where the concept of augmented reality can be of some…

The Existence of God

God either exists or doesn’t, believe what you want but many have argued over this ongoing topic including famous philosopher St. Thomas Aquinas, who created 5 ways to prove that God actually exists. I will be focusing on three of his ‘Five Ways’, which include the ideas that there has to be a first mover that had initially started everything in motion, there must have been a time when nothing existed at all and the idea that if there is a design, then there must be a designer as well. Aquinas’ “ways” can actually get a person thinking whether they believe in God or not, I myself am sometimes uncertain of God’s existence but after analysing his work thoroughly, I…

David Hume’s Necessary Connection

Hume questions why humans always make a necessary connection to events. Hume has always stated that it is impossible for humans to think anything that they have not already experienced. So to find the idea of Necessary Connection we have to look back on our impressions. We have to find where the idea of Necessary Connection came from. Hume argues that we cannot create new ideas for ourselves, which solidifies his position on Necessary Connection. Hume has an explanation for this his stand on Necessary Connection. Hume argues that there is cause instead of Necessary Connection. We cannot show the necessity of cause to every new existence without also showing that something’s existence depends on a productive principal. For example…

Heraclites V. Parmenides

Philosophy serves one purpose, bringing order to reason. This, on so many levels can organize ones way of thinking into a structured manner; therefore rendering it much easier for one to conclude solid conclusions, thereby avoiding error. There have been many independent streams of philosophy from several different parts of the world, such as China, and India. But the most popular school of thought that has created the most impact on the United States, without a doubt would have to be the ancient Greeks (who by the way started philosophy in a fashion of independent religion). Skipping straight ahead to two of philosophies great philosophers: Heraclitus (540-480 B. C), and one of the most miss-understood, Parmenides (515-440 B. C. )….

What Advantages Does Spinoza’s Substance Monism Have over Descartes’ Dualism?

Spinoza’s philosophy as espoused in the Ethics was a response to Descartes’ dualism. Through works such as the Ethics, Spinoza seeks to address the main flaws in Descartes’ philosophy. These flaws included but were by no means limited to, proof for the existence of God and the interaction between mind and body. This essay will highlight the advantages of Spinoza’s monism over Descartes’ dualism by looking at Spinoza’s response to these issues. First, in order to consider the advantages of Spinoza’s substance monism over Descartes’ dualism it is necessary to show how each philosopher demonstrates their substance dualism or substance monism. Tim Crane defines monism and dualism as follows: “Monism denies that minds and their bodies are distinct substances. Monists…

Philosophy of mind

?The theory of Dualism refers to the idea that a substance is made up of two fundamental components; mind and matter. The mind component of Dualism refers to thinking and consciousness without an extension into space, whereas, the matter component of Dualism refers to a substance which pertains physical properties which extends into space. The essential essence of the mind is thought, while the essence of the body is extension, which is examined in Renee Descartes’ Six Meditation in which he explores the ontological distinction between mind and matter. Descartes argues that God only allows us to perceive that which exists, otherwise he would be known to be deceitful. Furthermore, one can perceive two separate entities as complete things whose…

The Problem of the “One and Many”

Introduction In a quest to inquire into being, metaphysics is confronted by one fundamental question that; is reality constituted by one being or are there many beings? This question establishes the central problem of metaphysics that is known as the problem of the ‘one’ and ‘many’. Parmenides who first dealt with the nature of being and considered ‘being as being’ as the source of unification of all reality, held that “ultimately there exists a One Being”. It follows that this being is changeless, indivisible and is the source of sameness insofar as it is one; nothing differs from it. Hence, according to Parmenides, the senses deceive us in reporting reality as many. This doctrine of seeing reality as one is…

Essay 1: Leibniz’ Principle of Pre-Established Harmony

In his Monadology, Leibniz describes the existence and nature of “Monads” or substances. Leibniz believes that it is impossible for there to be any kind of causal interaction between the Monads. Yet, he also states that each Monad reflects the system as a whole, including any change in any other Monad. So then, to explain how it is that this “mirroring” takes place, without the existence of any causal interaction, Leibniz puts forth his Principle of Pre-Established Harmony. The Principle of Pre-Established Harmony states that Monads only appear to interact with each other. In reality, God created each Monad and programmed it with certain dispositions in such a way that at each instant, the perceptions of each Monad (soul, mind,…

Metaphysics: Ontology: Dualism vs. Materialism

The original idea of the word ‘philosophy’ was a ‘love of wisdom’ (Cowan 2). Philosophy is meant to explore the ‘big questions’ and try to find answers as best we can in the time we have been given. One of the areas of study in philosophy is metaphysics, which deals in the ideas of the nature of reality. “We look at the world, and we assume that it is the way it appears to be. It is not. ” (Carreira 7). There is much to reality that can be discussed, debated, and disagreed upon. Within metaphysics is the realm of ontology, which poses the question ‘what is there? ‘ (Cowan 146). Two of the major views in ontology are Dualism…

Difference in Metaphysics Between Aristotle and Kant

Metaphysics is usually taken to involve both questions of what is existence and what types of things exist; in order to answer either questions, one will find itself using and investigating the concepts of being. Aristotle proposed the first of these investigations which he called ‘first philosophy’, also known as ‘the science of being’ however overtime his writings came to be best known as ‘Metaphysics’ in which he studied being qua being with a central theme of how substance may be defined as a category of being. Kant who is a nominalist criticized both Aristotelian and therefore realists’ ideas of metaphysics by suggesting that they seek to go beyond the limits of human knowledge. Furthermore Kant argued that the structure…

The Relationship Between Epistemology and Metaphysics

In many ways epistemology clears the way for metaphysical construction or hypothesis. By adhering to the principles of one branch of philosophy, it allows us to become better at searching within the other. It is true that epistemic ideas are often knocked down by metaphysics, but when one considers that it is entirely possible to base metaphysical ideas on epistemology, it becomes clear that the branches of philosophy are very much intertwined and somewhat interdependent upon each other for clarity and reason. It is a strange philosophical symbiosis from which a magnificent and new organism emerges. We know that the goal of metaphysics is to somehow develop an all-encompassing hypothesis as to what the ultimate nature of the universe is…

Metaphysics Essay 3

PLEASE WRITE A 1250-1500 WORD ESSAY IN RESPONSE TO THE PROMPT STATED BELOW. IN WRITING THIS ESSAY, YOU SHOULD USE THE TEXTBOOK AND CLASSROOM DISCUSSION AS YOUR FOUNDATION. YOU SHOULD NOT TRY TO SUMMARIZE THE READING ASSIGNMENTS IN TURN, BUT ONLY THOSE PARTS THAT ARE RELEVANT TO DEALING WITH THE PROMPT AND FOR SETTING UP AND HELPING TO EXPLAIN THE CRITICAL REMARKS IN YOUR PAPER. IN THIS PAPER YOU SHOULD HAVE YOUR OWN THESIS TO DEFEND ABOUT THE QUESTION IDENTIFIED IN THE PROMPT. YOU ARE NOT REQUIRED TO USE ANY SOURCES OTHER THAN THE ONES FOR THIS UNIT AND YOUR OWN MIND. HOWEVER, YOU ARE PERMITTED TO USE SUCH ADDITIONAL SOURCES. FOR ANY SOURCES YOU USE, EXCEPT YOUR OWN MIND,…

Metaphysics and Nominalism

Metaphysics shares a breadth of problems concerning ‘universals’. One view that addresses these problems is nominalism. Nominalism is the position that universals do not exist outside the mind. There are different sects of nominalism that expresses various stances about the problem at hand. Austere nominalism, metalinguistic nominalism, and trope theory are the various types of nominalism that refute the claim of realism. Each of these types of nominalism contain their own respective views towards universals and have their own strengths and weaknesses. Austere nominalism, metalinguistic nominalism, and trope theory have many similarities and differences as well as strong points that support the nominalist perspective. Austere nominalism takes the stance that the only things that exist are concrete particulars. These concrete…

Kant vs. Hegel

Hegel’s concept of the “Absolute Idea” claims that there is a universal and ideal standard that is continuously being revealed throughout history, in various forms of human expression. The Absolute Idea can be interpreted as God, nature, spirit, or reality. With art, there is no such thing as “Art for Art’s sake” because art is a manifestation of the unfolding of the Absolute Idea. In Hegel’s Art History, the progression of art is always moving closer to ultimate reality, because spiritual realization is teleological. The Absolute is fully realized when form and content are harmonious and concrete in their depiction of spirit and man. Beauty is dependent upon these things. For Hegel, the classical period is characterized by the depiction…

Existentialism & Fight Club

In modern day society, individuals usually experience the same routine over and over again, but rarely become aware of the drudgery of daily life. These people are unable to achieve a higher level of existence by being uniform. Waiting for Godot, by Samuel Beckett, is an existential play where two men are stuck in the same routine day after day. They sit around all day waiting for the inevitable arrival of a man named Godot, who seems like he will never come; the two lose track of time. The men are completely unaware of what day of the week it is; they seem to be achieving nothing in their dull lives due to their tedious ways. Waiting for Godot is…

Existentialism is a Humanism

In Existentialism is a Humanism, Sartre explains that in human beings, “existence precedes essence. ” Meaning, humans are created without any purpose, but with growth and maturing they find their purpose. J. P. Sartre gives the example of the paper clip, noting that this inanimate object was created with the intent of a purpose. Therefore, that idea lead to it’s creation. He uses this example to demonstrate “ essence precedes existence. ” He states, “ man is nothing else, but what he makes of himself. ” Simply put, us as humans are first born than we create our own paths in our lives and who we shall be in life. This explains that through our actions and decisions we make…

Aristotle S Four Causes

Aristotle, di? ering from Plato, believed that by observa? on we could explain the world and all ma? er. Aristotle refuted Plato’s idea of having an absolute explana? on. Aristotle’s approach, empiricism, is the founda? on of science. Empiricism is the use of the ! ve senses to observe objects and gain knowledge. Aristotle observed that the world was constantly changing, a movement from poten? ality to actuality. One of Aristotle’s examples, whiteness, shows that something that is ‘not white’ has the poten? al to become ‘actually white’. Aristotle came to the conclusion that there are stages, due to the movement from poten? ality to actuality. He called these the ‘four causes’: Material, Formal, E*cient and Final causes. Aristotle understood…

Aristotle S Four Causes

Aristotle, di? ering from Plato, believed that by observa? on we could explain the world and all ma? er. Aristotle refuted Plato’s idea of having an absolute explana? on. Aristotle’s approach, empiricism, is the founda? on of science. Empiricism is the use of the ! ve senses to observe objects and gain knowledge. Aristotle observed that the world was constantly changing, a movement from poten? ality to actuality. One of Aristotle’s examples, whiteness, shows that something that is ‘not white’ has the poten? al to become ‘actually white’. Aristotle came to the conclusion that there are stages, due to the movement from poten? ality to actuality. He called these the ‘four causes’: Material, Formal, E*cient and Final causes. Aristotle understood…

According to Aristotle

According to Aristotle, Form * Is that which disciplines, directs and constrains matter. * You are a bit of matter come to existence with various forms that are within. If the form of being triangle makes it possible to have a certain degree, then your form should be giving you that kind of necessity. Forms bring you into reality. When form brings discipline, structure, through time in the universe does it do through discipline. Determinism is whatever is going on is the only way things are going on. Form in a plurised universe . * Is that which makes matter become what is real * Is definable and intelligible * Exists substances Material v Immaterial Substance * Aristotle is reductionist,…

Philosophy as Metaphysics

ABSTRACT: Philosophy works with special types of objects: the totalities. The basic characteristics of this type of object are their metaphysical, transcendental, and total character. The character of these objects determines the specificity of language and the methods of philosophy. The language of philosophy represents symbolic language; speculation is the basic method of philosophy. On the one hand, objects of this type emphasis homo sapien as essences capable of constructing such objects, which in turn assumes the ability of human consciousness to make synthetic acts. On the basis of philosophy as metaphysics, an original approach is offered which divides the history of philosophy into periods as well as providing analysis of different philosophical systems. Feature of philosophical activity, as against…

Education reality

Dealism Idealism is the metaphysical and epistemological doctrine that ideas or thoughts make up fundamental reality. Essen? ally, it is any philosophy which argues that the only thing actually knowable is consciousness (or the contents of consciousness), whereas we never can be sure that ma? er or anything in the outside world really exists. Thus, the only real things are mental en?? es, not physical things (which exist only in the sense that they are perceived) Progressivism Progressivist believes that individuality, progress, and change are fundamental to one’s educa? on. Believing that people learn best from what they consider most relevant to their lives, progressivist centers their curricula on the needs, experiences, interests, and abili? es of students. Progressivist teachers…

Quine’s Ontology

Willard Van Orman Quine’s philosophy mainly tackles ontology, arguing that ontology is relative to one’s conceptual or linguistic framework. Moreover, Quine’s ontological assertions essentially revolve around the question of “what is there? ” inasmuch as ontology attempts to shed more philosophical understanding on the types of entities that exist. His assertions basically seek to identify the existing entities such as whether there are numbers, universals like redness, and mind to name a few. One way to understand Quine’s theory is by citing the Pegasus example. That is, person X may posit the reasoning that Pegasus must be existing in one way or another because to say that Pegasus doesn’t exist requires that there should be that ‘Pegasus’ which is being…

Challenges Through Siddhartha’s Path

Siddhartha is a character in which he searches to find the right way of life through many different paths, which I will be relating myself with. With his decisions, he finds a lot of experiences and varies through the way of life of others. Siddhartha’s life as we know it, is very amusing to others, but not as complete as he would want it to be. Siddhartha’s intelligence, pure spirit, and ability to recognize Atman, gives him a sense of security toward the other Brahmins. His friend Govinda, loves Siddhartha’s every move and gesture which he often tends to make. While he decides to follow him, they go together to become Semanas, but then separate to find their own destiny….

Plato’s “Myth of the cave”

Plato’s “Myth of the cave” is an argument that we can’t be sure we know reality. This story illustrates Plato’s idealism. The objects we see, hear, touch are shadows of the real things. The reason is human beings don’t have a full sense of a real and complete life because of the world. In this story, Plato use a dialog between a teacher and student, it describes a group of prisoners chained inside a cave, sit behind a fire, they can’t see each other or the nature of reality, or the heavens, only able to look forward. The fire casts shadows on the cave wall, which they see and it is the only reality they know. They can’t truly comprehend…