The Student Council elections have always been a perennial activity for every school. It is an activity wherein each student is required to choose from a set of candidates who will represent each position in the Student Council. In order for the student to accomplish this, the student must go through several processes. First the student must go to the Administration Office if he is a registered voter, then goes to the voting area and chooses the candidates he likes via internet or they can vote in any place they were by using their appropriate user name and password. After they had voted, it will instantly counted already, and the student can also saw the vote standing. Background of the Study
The introduction of computers greatly enhances the speed and efficiency of voting process. Results could be attained even right after the elections reducing the time to a mere fraction compared to the time it takes if the voting is done manually. It also increases the level of the voting experience because of multimedia enhancements. The manual voting system of Datamex Institute Of Computer Technology Lucena Branch lacks the advantages of a Graphical User Interface that the Windows OS could offer.
It is in this effect that the proponent has decided to propose a system to improve the existing manual voting system. The proponent aims to convert the existing manual system into a Online Voting System to take advantage of the many possibilities that a visual program could offer.
Review of Literature
This chapter discusses the literature and studies which are related and have direct bearing to the proposed study. It consists of referenced information about information system, Sales Monitoring and Inventory System, scripting and programming languages, database, online application and web authentication security. And will also discuss the synthesis of the proposed study.
Related Literature and Studies
Shelly, Cashman, and Rosenblatt (2006) defined information system as a system that combines information technology, people, and data to support business needs. According to them, an information system has five key components, which are the hardware and software used, data, the processes performed, and the people involved. Everything in the physical layer of the information system is called hardware. Hardware includes servers, workstations, networks, telecommunication equipments, fiber-optic cables, handheld computers, scanners, digital capture devices, and other technology-based infrastructures.
Programs that control and manage the hardware components and produce the desired information or results are called software. Software can manage a single workstation or global network with thousands of clients. Examples of system software include the operating system, security software, device drivers, and utility programs. Data are raw materials in which are transformed into useful information. Information systems can extract specific information in various locations, such as tables, where data is stored (Shelly, et al., 2006).
The building blocks of the information system are the processes. Shelly, et al. (2006) described process as the tasks and business functions that users, managers, and IT staff members perform to achieve specific results. Processes represent actual day-to-day business operation. Information systems are created to provide valuable information to users.
It’s practically an election tradition. As soon as the ballots get counted, the winners declared and the yard signs taken down, commentators and political scientists start shaking their heads over low voter turnout and the public’s waning interest in electoral politics. Some people diagnose the problem differently, however. They argue that more people would vote if they could do so online. Skeptics disagree, citing security issues and suggesting that online voting favors wealthier voters Advantage: Increased Participation
During the manual voting here in Datamex ICT, some of the students didn’t go to school to vote. One reason is that they don’t have classes on the day of election, that’s why they did not just go, just to vote. Another is, some of the students don’t want to waste their time in falling in line on the voting place. While in Online Voting System, even you’re at home you can easily vote and no hassle in falling in line. What you’re going to do is, to visit the web site in the internet and vote. Advantage: Cheaper Elections
Elections in the Datamex Institute of Computer Technology typically involve a lot of expenses. Of course manual voting need to use different expenses like printing the ballot, ball pens, counting equipments, and many more. That’s why having an online voting will decrease the amount of expenses. No need to buy those things and all you need to do is to open up your PC and vote via online, which you can do inside the schools’ Computer Laboratory for free.
How can the Online Voting System Help?
The Internet has achieved fast growth and a wide acceptance rate among Filipinos including Datamex students. Due to its broad acceptance, the Internet can reach a lot of voters and have positive influence on their voting preparation and participation [CAL00]. With the rise of Internet popularity, remote online voting can be seen as a natural progression, adapting our schools’ to the best available technology. This technology can streamline the process and return results much faster than the mechanical systems currently in use [DR00]. Online voting would be very convenient. Convenient remote elections would lead to larger voter turnouts and a “stronger” electorate [DR00].
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